Greek War of Independence: How It Started - Early Modern History

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Kings and Generals

Kings and Generals

10 ай бұрын

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Kings and Generals
Kings and Generals
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Petros Markantonis
Petros Markantonis
Gotta say I didn't expect this at all. As a Greek , it's an honour kings and generals' team!
George Katsikas
George Katsikas
Always a pleasant surprise when K&G deals with historical events and time periods less known and less popular to the average history geek and unfortunately the history of Greece and Greeks beyond the ancient times (i.e. the medieval Roman Empire, the Ottoman rule, the Revolutionary War, the modern nation-state etc.) falls into this category. Good work! A few corrections and trivia: 1) Between 1453 and 1821 various Greek revolts against Ottoman rule broke out but failed, the most notable of them being the Orlov Revolt of 1770, 2) Actually the revolution in the Morea was not declared on the 25th of March 1821 by Bishop Germanos of Old Patras in Agia Lavra. According to some sources the date was indeed preselected by Ypsilantis as the day of general insurrection in Greece proper, in order to coincide with the feast of the Annunciation of Virgin Mary and to invoke the obvious connotations (a message of hope and future salvation). Events unfolded rapidly in mid-March, as Ottoman authorities were becoming more and more suspicious and the revolution could not wait any more. On the 17th the Maniots raised the revolutionary flag and marched on Kalamata, the city was liberated on the 23rd. On the 21st Panagiotis Karatzas raised the banner in Patra, the same day Kalavryta was liberated. Bishop Germanos of course was himself a member of tthe Filiki Etairia and played a role in the outbreak of the Revolution, but the Agia Lavra doxology was rather a romanticized depiction of the events, associated nowadays with conservative, nationalist circles. 3) Alexandros Ypsilantis wasn't just a wealthy Phanariote aristocrat. He was a senior cavalry officer in the Imperial Russian Army. He fought in the Napoleonic Wars, and holding the rank of Lt. Colonel by 1813, he lost his right arm in the Battle of Dresden. He eventually reached the rank of Major General and he had even become aide-de-camp to Emperor Alexander I., 4) Dimitrios Ypsilantis, Alexander's younger brother, had also served in the Russian Army with the rank of captain and despite his class background, he sided with Kolokotronis and the "warlord" faction against the Greek upper class of the time. Yet he tried to play an appeasing role between sides in the civil strife that followed, 5) Omer Vryoni after defeating outnumbered Athanasios Diakos in the Battle of Alamana and taking him captive, offered him his life in exhange for conversion and an officer position in the Ottoman Amry. Diakos refused with the words: "I was born a Greek and i will die a Greek". He was executed by impalement. Besides his heroic stance, his wording in his reply is a prime example of the different terminology in self identification of the Greeks at the time, with three different ethnonyms: "Έλληνας" (Hellene) the official since then, commonly translated in English as Greek, "Γραικός" (Greek), derived form the latin Graeci which in turn derived from the ancient greek tribe of Graikoi and "Ρωμιός" (Romios i.e. Roman). Diakos chose the "Γραικός" form.
Eder manutenção e jardim
Eder manutenção e jardim
brave Greek people, never give up their freedom
g. d.
g. d.
Salute to our Greek friends from Bulgaria! Let us continue building a better future for all of us in the Balkans. There have been too many wars and divisions in our small but beautiful part of the world! We deserve better. Congratulations on 200 years of independence!
David Ciprian Ioan
David Ciprian Ioan
As a Romanian I would love to watch an episode about Tudor Vladimirescu, who also rebelled against the Ottomans but came into conflict with the Etaireia as he wanted the Phanariotes out of Wallachia and Moldavia as well.
Thetis Kosmos
Thetis Kosmos
Very happy to see this video, and cannot wait for the rest of the series. Having said that, it would have been great to hear (at least) a mention of the female hero of the Greek War of Independence, Laskarina Bouboulina, the first woman in world naval history to hold the title of Admiral.
Sapphire GR
Sapphire GR
I have been asking so many history KZbin channels to do an episode about Greek revolution, but no one even bothers to do so, I can't express my gratitude and happiness for you guys, I can guarantee that all of us Greeks will love the series
Greg G
Greg G
K&G never ceases to amaze. As a Greek, I truly as not expecting this and am happily surprised to see the history of modern Greece be introduced. Everyone is somewhat familiar with the history of Greece of antiquity, from the age of Homer to, Themistocles and Leonidas, to Philip II and Alexander the Great. Yet the modern nation is oftentimes neglected. Well done lads.
H :
H :
The Greek revolution didn't limited in Peloponnese and Rumeli only. In its beginning sparked from Macedonia and Epirus to the north, Thessaly and until Crete to the South. The first island which raised the revolutionary flag was Spetses and later followed Hydra. Their combined fleet brought the banner of revolution until the islands of Eastern Aegean, like Kasos, Samos and Psara. The Heterists had also members in Cyprus. The idea of the revolution couldn't manage to establish though, because the island was too far away and too close to Turkey to be supported by naval expeditions.
E K
E K
As a Turkish I can tell you that 90% of those names and events mentioned in this video are new to me.
pseudomonas03
pseudomonas03
And something that is not very well known, in the First Greek Constitution was established that "no one in Greek territory is considered or can be sold as slave". The Greek state was one of the very first states of the modern Era, who actually abolished slavery contitutionally, since the very beginning.
SD SD
SD SD
I was born a Greek and I will die a Greek
pseudomonas03
pseudomonas03
The continuity of the Greek people through history can be seen, if someone studies their traditions, their folklore. For example, the most popular read (which did mutliple editions), among the Greek people during the period of the Ottoman occupation was "Alexander's Romance" a fictional account of the life and exploits of Alexander the Great. A common greeting among Greek people during the same period was "Is King Alexander still alive?" And the other Greek would answer "Still alive and reigns". And this only an example, of how the Greeks mantained the connection with their past. The concept of the nation is different from one culture to another. For the western cultures the concept of the nation is more connected to the bloodlines (for this reason the word nation comes from the latin word "natio" which practically means birth), or with the rise of the modernity and with the great revolutions of 18th Century. For the Greek people though, even if there is and was used sometimes the word "Γενος" which corresponds to the latin "nation", we use another word... "Εθνος", which come from the word "ηθος" , "ethos", and which means the customs, the traditions, i.e all the common cultural elements that connect together a group of people (alongside with the religion, the common ancestry etc) and who define, what we Greeks call Εθνος.
Modern Athenians
Modern Athenians
Long live Kings and Generals, a channel that aims in history and objectivity. An extremely difficult combination. The professionalism you guys possess, produce every time an amazing result! Keep up providing us such quality videos!
Ege Şahin
Ege Şahin
As a Turk, i am glad that this subject is finally mentioned. It is great to learn about our neighborhoods modern history and how the Greece was born again. Personally i am glad that the modern Greece is born so we are able to enjoy modernism and enlightment in Aegean. And it is also ignorant to see each other as enemies after all these years. Turks and Greeks are not enemies. We are neighbours and i am happy about it. Dont care what so called “Nationalists” think.
FM-Gamer
FM-Gamer
Thank you kings and generals. You make very important work.
Kostas
Kostas
Most welcome but unexpected since not many people talk about this it's really honoring to mw as a Greek, Thanks to kings and generals for making this!
Rated J Entertainment
Rated J Entertainment
Happy to finally have a moment to watch this series! I have a great love Greek History and their Early Modern Period is just as fascinating as their Bronze Age Tales.
Cloudbusted
Cloudbusted
you are really an incredible history channel! As a greek
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