How the Greeks Almost Lost Their War of Independence DOCUMENTARY

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Kings and Generals

Kings and Generals

8 ай бұрын

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Kings and Generals historical animated documentary series on the early modern history, as well as the history Greece and the Ottoman Empire continues with the second episode in our story of the Greek War of Independence, which gave Greece its new era of independence. In the first video ( • Greek War of Inde... ) we talked about the reasons this revolt has occurred and what the life in the Ottoman Empire was like for the Greeks, while the second episode covered a number of battles, including Peta and Karpenisi and how these battles led to the internal strife among the Greeks and forced the Ottomans to send an armada from Egypt to attack the rebels, putting the revolution into peril ( • Greek War of Inde... ). Third episode will talk about the Fall of Missolonghi and how the Greeks almost lost this war of independence.
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The video was made by Lito Areta, while the script was researched and written by Leo Stone
This video was narrated by Officially Devin ( / @offydgg & / @gameworldnarratives )
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Kings and Generals
Kings and Generals 8 ай бұрын
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wlp_ diavolakos 7
wlp_ diavolakos 7 3 ай бұрын
@Raz Battino you are 100%malakas
Gelis Geo
Gelis Geo 4 ай бұрын
The Souliotes were an Eastern Orthodox community of the area of Souli, in greek historical region Epirus. They are known for their military prowess, their resistance to the local Ottoman Albanian ruler Ali Pasha, and their contribution to the Greek cause in the Greek War of Independence, under leaders such as Markos Botsaris and Kitsos Tzavelas. (Both call themselves greeks) The Souliotes established an autonomous confederation dominating a large number of neighbouring villages in the remote mountainous areas of Epirus, where they could successfully resist Ottoman rule. At the height of its power, in the second half of the 18th century, the community (also called "confederacy") is estimated to have consisted of up to 12,000 inhabitants in about 60 villages. The community was classified as Greek in the Ottoman system of social classification. They was speakin dialect based in Albanian with greek influence... they have influences from both nations Of course they wasn't typical Albanians ....
Ervin XX
Ervin XX 7 ай бұрын
A Video-History about Ibrahim Pascia who try to invade Istanbul (Constantinople), which was hindered(in Syria) by the British, then allies of the Ottomans at the time. For the reduction of the power of Islam in the lands where Mehmet Ali owned and the defeat of the Wahhabis, And his Idea to Re-Christianize Egypt, for the statue of Liberty that went to Egypt and ended up in New York,.
Ervin XX
Ervin XX 7 ай бұрын
@Peter i don't need to say nothing. Watch this video..! What this video says.. Albanian Warriors.! All books by Philhellenes says clearly - Albanians.....
Peter 7 ай бұрын
@Ervin XX you don't have anything else to say cause you know it's true. History is more complicated than you think you should read more.
Vla F
Vla F 8 ай бұрын
I am a Greek Vlach (Aromanian) from the village of Samarina, Grevena, West Macedonia, Greece. My family name is mentioned in the siege of Messolonghi. 150 vollunteers from our village including my anchestors went to fight in the other side of Greece in a suicide attempt to help the defenders. Only 33 survived from 150. There is a folk song "children of Samarina" talking for this heroic event and now a film "exodus 1826".
MegaSoviet1961 20 күн бұрын
​@Vlad Vlad Este Aroman nu stie decat poate unele cuvinte in romana
Sub Zero
Sub Zero 28 күн бұрын
​@margelatu trandafirul galben nonsense Those languages were never forbidden. The disadvantage was that they were not written. The written language was greek. The language of the holy books of orthodox, plus the influence of the Greek element . Natural result.. that is why arumanic is not used anymore from those people. There was not suppression in no way. Many of important politicians, militarry, affairs and economy are Vlachs. They are just in their home, that is what they feel The musical tradition and songs in Aroumanic are very famous among Greece, no problem around with that
Flavius _ Thrax
Flavius _ Thrax 2 ай бұрын
@Voskre Glavincevska How exactly Slavs in Macedonia were Latinized, when, and by whom!? :) When the united Roman Empire collapsed there were no Slavs in the Balkans. When the Latin language was replaced by the Greek language in the administration of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) during the VI century there was no such policy as Romanization.
Flavius _ Thrax
Flavius _ Thrax 2 ай бұрын
@Vla F So sad. At the beginning of the 20 century, a lot of Aromanians from Albania, Greece, and Yugoslavia emigrated to Romanian Dobrogea. Now there is a strong Aromanian community. Gheorghe Hagi and Simona Halep are part of it. Of course, they keep the Aromanian identity together with the Romanian one. Aromanians in Romania are part of the Romanian nation.
Flavius _ Thrax
Flavius _ Thrax 2 ай бұрын
@Vla F "Ghini" we also use in the Republic of Moldova, in the common language. I mean not in literary Romanian :) Also instead of "fitsiori" and "tse" we use "fishiori" and "shi". "Sh" it's reading like in English :)
JohnnyElRed 8 ай бұрын
So, even in the face of overwhelming odds, the Greeks could not put aside their differences to cooperate. Very Balkan of them.
A P 5 ай бұрын
So, even confronted with unspeakable atrocities, the great powers of Europe would not intervene out of pure self interest. So very British, French, and Austrian. Don't know where you are from, but I'm sure your country has plenty to be ashamed of. Worry about that.
₳lΞssa 6 ай бұрын
Until this series i thought we Serbs are the worst but damn,comes to show we are made of the same cloth
Joao P.
Joao P. 6 ай бұрын
@Dimitris Alex Where did you see this study? I'm curious and would like to know more. In Cyprus, people are incredibly hard to get along with in terms of work. Cyprus is basically a mountain in the middle of the sea. So is there a place where I could read this study? Just so I understand more of this, rather difficult, trait. Thank you.
Darth Vitiate
Darth Vitiate 8 ай бұрын
I'm not Greek but I really love that you guys are shining a light on this overlooked period in history
Alex Spencer
Alex Spencer 3 ай бұрын
@Jabbo likely!
Jabbo 3 ай бұрын
@Alex Spencer Probably Albanese
Alex Spencer
Alex Spencer 7 ай бұрын
@juzores1 what?
Z haw
Z haw 7 ай бұрын
juzores1 8 ай бұрын
KerverosHellas 8 ай бұрын
The greatest painting for the siege of Messolonghi comes from Theodoros Vryzakis and it's called The Sortie of Messolonghi (1853). It depicts the heroic exodus of it's last defenders. The greatest poem of these events comes from one of the greatest Greek poets, Dionysios Solomos. It's called "The Free Besieged". A part of it goes: "A silence as prevalent as death reigns over the plains; a bird speaks, takes a seed, and the mother envies it. The famine blackened the eyes. The mother is swearing onto the eyes. The good soldier from Souli stands aside and cries: "Lone dark rifle, why do I hold you in the arm, for you are a burden to me and even the Muslim knows?" Meaning that the Greek mother envies the bird that has at least a seed to feed it's young. And that the Greek soldier can't even hold his rifle from the exhaustion and hunger. But that's not what is hurting his pride. It's that the Turk knows about this...
Αntonis A
Αntonis A 8 ай бұрын
@Dorian Philotheates it is inpired and references some other early events of the Greek Revolution but not by the famous (final) Siege of Messolonghi (1826) as the Hymn was actually written in 1823.
Dorian Philotheates
Dorian Philotheates 8 ай бұрын
The Greek National Anthem itself, “Hymn to Freedom”, was inspired by the Siege of Messolonghi.
vassilis volakos
vassilis volakos 8 ай бұрын
As a Maniot, thank you for mentioning the battles of Germa, Dyros, and Polyaravos. Great series! One thing to add, the architectural movement of Greek Revival was also the result of the War of Independence and Philhellenism. Public buildings such as Parliaments, Theatres, Universities, and Courts of Law were designed in that style as a tribute to the nation that gave drama, democracy, and logic, to name but a few.
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 8 күн бұрын
​@Elsaid Zonja cry us a river 😌
mυsic vιbes
mυsic vιbes 7 ай бұрын
@Elsaid Zonja It's normal that every big civilization in the world had some inspirations from older ones. That doesn't erase their own identity and significance. Also all civilizations changed since antiquity. However, there is one common thing between ancient and modern greek culture and that's their language.
Elsaid Zonja
Elsaid Zonja 8 ай бұрын
That nation got everything from the developed near eastern civilisations, and it was a different one from yours today buddy!
RoboticDragon 8 ай бұрын
Can I ask what it was that inspired this series? There has also been a couple of very good books on Greece that released in the past 6-12 months. Bought both. One was a history by by Roderick Beaton called The Greeks, the other is The Greek Revolution: 1821 and the Making of Modern Europe by Mark Mazower.
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 8 ай бұрын
​@Safersephiroth777 heyy buddy i own a greek discord server if you want to join send me your account
Fairoboi Lawrence
Fairoboi Lawrence 8 ай бұрын
Because Greek history is overlooked and it's about time the rest of the world sees the brutallity that the Greeks had to live under from the Turks.
oliver green
oliver green 8 ай бұрын
@Παυλος Χαραλαμπους Indeed i dont know about the full physical reality of these situations i just thought a mention of that would have been important Haitis president Boyer at the time was keen on exporting Haitis revolution around the world, which he did successfully to Simon Bolivar; We do hear from historians that he sent some volunteers about 100 but whether they even made it to greek is debateable, lore is that the boat sunk before it arrived , also there was Cafe sent as well as sugar and some arms. I just find it fascination a newly formed slave nation like Haiti even communicated that far, if even the to revoltions communicated that would be a first in cross continental history
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους 8 ай бұрын
@oliver green Haiti basically was the first country to reconrise the Greek independent state and if i remember correctly some volunteers from Haiti at least tried to reach Greece
oliver green
oliver green 8 ай бұрын
@Jaremy Mallister IT would of been nice to Acknowledge the Cross oceanic communication of the Haitian revolutionary victors and the Greek revolutionary combatants of that time, Haiti was under an American and French Embargo wasnt allowed to export or import but did send a letter of significant note, maybe the first time to revolutions from so far away from eachother were in direct communication, they couldnt send aid but did acknowledge Greece as the true father of the west and blessed their chances to victory.
Rudy Wooders
Rudy Wooders 8 ай бұрын
Kolokotronis had said that his biggest fear was the obedience or ''kneeling'' of some warlords and villages to Ibrahim for amnesty ,power and other stuff. So he gave a simple order which was "fire and axe to the obedient ones" . Then he wrote a letter to all villages that kneeled in which he wrote "every village that will not come back, will have it's houses and vineyards burned to the ground, I will wipe them out of the face of earth !! ""
Alcaeus 8 ай бұрын
@Rudy Wooders you're insane
Λύσανδρος Rac
Λύσανδρος Rac 8 ай бұрын
@Utku Öziz Kolokotronis did half job. We allowed unfortunately many Turks to leave peacefully after the Greek revolution.
Utku Öziz
Utku Öziz 8 ай бұрын
@Λύσανδρος Rac we are not. It is just that those rebels were the true genociders. We just simply rephrase Kolokotronis' memoirs.
SDS 8 ай бұрын
You should have definitely also mentioned the battle of Lerna Mills, where 300 Greeks under Makriyannis and Ypsilantis stopped an Egyptian contingent numbering about 5,000 men who were marching for the capital, Nafplio, essentially saving it, along with most of eastern Peloponnese. That was the first defeat of Ibrahim and a more important one than the subsequent Mani defeat, because it showed that despite Ibrahim's intervention this was still a war that could last for years and its fate was still uncertain (even though yes the odds were not in favor of the Greeks). Had the capital been captured though, the Sultan could claim the Greek revolt to have been over, and that the Ottoman - Egyptian troops were just mopping up the remaining rebels. I cannot see how a later western intervention could have been deemed necessary or how it would be justified, had Nafplio and the eastern Peloponnese been captured by Ibrahim.
Tori Keqi
Tori Keqi 6 ай бұрын
@SDS I know such thing. Mehmet Ali of Egypt wanted to replace the Ottoman Dynasty with an Albanian one. This doesn't change the fact that he annihilated the revolutionaries and was going to genocide Peloponnese in case western powers were not going to intervene.
FREE GREECE 6 ай бұрын
@Tori Keqi The only reason Athens fell to Ottomans was cos of the assasination of Karaiskakis and the elimination the greek elite troops in the battle of Analatos.. both events orchestrated by these two british Generals...
محمد السيد أبومسلم
محمد السيد أبومسلم 8 ай бұрын
I would like to point out that the population of Egypt during the era of Muhammad Ali was 2 million, of whom 254 thousand were taken for military service,They could replenish their army, and in the era of his son Ismail, the population of Egypt was 4 million, forcibly taken 1 million to dig the Suez Canal, 100 thousand of them died. These people in that period did not care about Humans
SDS 8 ай бұрын
@Fratello There were several commanders with their men who took part in the battle. I mentioned only Ypsilantis who was the most senior general and Makriyannis whose actions that day essentially won the battle. But yes Constantinos Mavromichalis was also one of the leaders who fought valiantly there.
Based Hellenic
Based Hellenic 8 ай бұрын
One correction to your video, the map displays the island of kythira south of the Peloponnese being under ottoman control. This is inaccurate as it was held in British control at this time and was held as a Venetian territory before.
I suggest you make a video about Gregory Dikaios aka Papaflessas. He is an interesting figure of the Greek revolution. Larger than life character, cunning and resourceful (a modern era Ulysses) who died in a battle against Ibrahim. He deserves a mentioning.
AllStar Lord
AllStar Lord 8 ай бұрын
I love your videos, there is a tendency in the internet of completely dismissing the struggle and heroism our people displayed in our war of independence and people claim that we were performing poorly and that we were just saved by the great powers ( even if the war had been going on for 5 years before any great power intervened). I mean the ottomans were the first to ask for foreign help, which is hilarious, and even the Americans in their war of independence were receiving aid from the French, even though they were fighting a much easier war.
AllStar Lord
AllStar Lord 4 ай бұрын
@Dark Lord What's your point?
Dark Lord
Dark Lord 4 ай бұрын
France and Spain didn't determine who was to be first president of USA unlike Greece though. A German from Baveria assigned as King of Greek by European powers which shows something. That wouldn't be the case for USA.
Dennis Cleary
Dennis Cleary 8 ай бұрын
Literally conquering as the Greeks in total war when this popped up, I guess you could say I’m fighting for their independence as well 😁. Thanks Kings you know I love the Greeks
Peter 8 ай бұрын
@Dennis Cleary You should play Empire Total War and download the mod to play as the modern Greek republic campaign with the Greek rebel fighters in the game it's so fun!! :D
Sp 8 ай бұрын
@Stamos Mk1212 covers the historical events that created the modern Greek identity. After 1204 the Romanism fades gradually in favor of Hellenism. Today Greeks have i would say 35% old Hellenic identity and 65% Rhomaioi 1204-1453 identity.
USA Is the Best
USA Is the Best 8 ай бұрын
I love playing as the Greeks in that game, having to fight the Macedonians and then the Roman’s from the west, plus recruiting op Spartans
Stamos 8 ай бұрын
@Dennis Cleary mk1212 is much better for this. You retake Constantinople from the latins then fight the Greeks and turks. Mostly leave the Greek alone and focus on the turks then have 3 to 4 armies and use your allies like cicillia to flank the turks from the east then you take the west boom easy as that them you reconqueor the ere including italy and Tunisia
aly 8 ай бұрын
@M K Its called free speech, look it up.
Dorian Philotheates
Dorian Philotheates 8 ай бұрын
Both sides of my family originally hail from the province of Aetolia (Missolonghi is its capital) deep in the wooded heartland of Central Greece. They participated in all three sieges at Missolonghi, and were among the few to survive the Great Siege and the heroic “Exodus”. After the town finally fell to the Ottomans in April 1826, my people eventually settled in the hill country of neighbouring Doris where we reside to this day. Each year, on the anniversary of the Exodus, the entire clan makes a pilgrimage to the Sacred City (as Missolonghi is known among all the Hellenes) to honour the sacrifice of our ancestors and pay homage to all those who fought and died for the cause of Greek freedom. 🇬🇷🌿🏛
#EDC 8 ай бұрын
After 6:45 I had to stop for almost an hour until I was able to continue watching. The horrifying descriptions with the powerful art and the emotional music hit me very hard. I was able to imagine myself in the city, in their shoes; running, terrified, trying to escape but knowing the terrible fate my sister and mother are going to have, knowing that my father and I will soon be dead. Kings and generals did a very good job. I feel so sorry for all the suffering the Greeks have gone through.
nermain merl
nermain merl 7 ай бұрын
And the Turks of Tripoli had the same fate, because violence bred violence. And all this started because they increased the taxes on Christians many times, making it living unbearable so the people were forced to the mountains becoming "thieves" this led to the creation of warlords and a very firm emotion of self-governance. The "illuminated" Greeks from abroad used history and religion to bring nationalism to the people and at this point, the revolution MUST happen. Because not only life was unbearable because of taxes, but those taxes were collected by inferior people. The kids were being taught by priests how the few Greeks defeated Persia, the battle of Marathon, of Platea of Alexander the Great and Troy. My high school teachers used to tell us at the end of our 6th grade, probably last class that "In this room, people will become politicians, engineers, scientists, professors, teachers like me, you are the future of Hellas now". Imagine what a kid would've been told by a priest at 3am in the ruins of a church in hiding from the Turks (because it was illegal for christians to be educated) retelling these long-forgotten stories of Bravery Heroism and Martyrdom of their ancestors, probably something like "You will fight at the next Marathon, at the next Platea, you will be the ones sacking the next Persepolis, you will be the next freedom fighters who will liberate Hellas from the eastern invaders, the few you are the same as the few before you who did these things". You shouldn't be sad because of the sack of Missolonghi but proud that these people actually acted as their ancestors, they weren't only sad, hungry, tired of the siege, and afraid for their family but were also tearfully proud of their exodus, for them it was either Freedom or Death and long starvation for them was torture, they wouldn't survive any longer it was the only solution and they painted this Exodus with their blood. It was as important as Marathon and the Platea, this lead to the next Naval battle of Salamis (Battle of Navarino - in which not only foreign powers were involved, but a lot of Greeks and greek ships&gunboats). I might sound like a nationalist but I swear I am not, I am just empathetic like you. I can imagine these feelings of proudness our ancestors had and I might add the feeling of superiority they had, was shown on the battlefield on hundreds of occasions. But in my opinion, not because the race is superior but for the reason that Greeks were Rebels and the Ottoman army must've felt more like a mercenary one. That's why 2000 defeated 7000, or 300 capture a castle of 5000 garrison. And you must understand that the Turks deteriorated their position, for rebels in Greek mainland they executed and enslaved Christian population in Anatolia. Executed the patriarchate of Constantinople, literal retribution tactics the nazis did. So when the Ottoman army besieges your city, your chances back then would be if you're a man then you are already dead. And if you're a woman or a girl then your chances are either a slave or in a harem (basically sex slave) so your life is already ended as well. Those people fought to their last drop of blood for freedom and managed to live forever.
Bilbo 8 ай бұрын
It really shows that you put a lot of work and attention to detail into this series, very commendable.
Nick Macarius
Nick Macarius 8 ай бұрын
My book club is currently reading the Count of Monte Cristo this summer, which makes several mentions about the Greek War of Independence & Lord Byron. My former literature professor posted notes from the chapters we read on our FB page about the Greek War of Independence, and Lord Byron just 3 days before this video was released. Such irony!
Captain Harlock
Captain Harlock 7 ай бұрын
Not an irony. It's just a coincidence.
Captain Salamander
Captain Salamander 8 ай бұрын
Glad that you talked about battles in Mani and struggle of Kolo,many history book and videos ignored it,Thank you
Hi. So.... 1. The picture that you used to portrey Kutahi, is in fact a picture of Ibrahim. 2. There are many stories of this 3rd siege of Mesoloνghi. Stories of what people did in order to survive the famine. Also of their will not to show the enemy how bad their situation was. 3. Just to mention the "exodus" from Mesolonghi took place in the early morning hours of Palm Sunday. 4. During the exodus, the people (especially the "civilian" population) was given clear instructions to remain silent. The babies were given alcohol in order to remain calm. During this silent move, at one point a man from one of the columns cried "Back! Back!". This initiated a panic and alarmed the Turks. Resulting in the disaster. 5. "Fire and Axe to those who have bowed their heads down!" (not sword). That was the moto that Kolokonis used to discourage Greeks from surendering to Ibrahim. And on occasions he put it into practice. During Ibrahims campaign, people had to chose between becoming muslims or death. As Kolokotronis himself writes in his memoirs, it was the only time during the whole revolution, that he got really scared that the revolution would fail.
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους 8 ай бұрын
@Rocket Small history class is a really big deal in Greek education system 😉 also people often use those quotes By the way about" 5 " it was fire and axe to " proskiniamenous " that can loosely translated to" those who fail at knees to worship " basically the ones begging on their knees
Rocket Small
Rocket Small 8 ай бұрын
who the f. actually knows thism what r u. some sort of historical dude?
Carl Аustin
Carl Аustin 8 ай бұрын
Please cover the Russo-Turkish war 1828-29. That stays as a blank spot in history but that war contributed a lot to the Independence of Greece and the rising influence and interference of the Russian Empire in the region. This war led to the Crimean war. Regarding the Greek situation with the treaty of Adrianople, the Ottoman Sultan finally recognized the independence of the Greeks. Much later, Karl Marx in an article in the New York Tribune (21 April 1853), wrote: "Who solved finally the Greek case? It was neither the rebellion of Ali Pasha, neither the battle in Navarino, neither the French Army in Peloponnese, neither the conferences and protocols of London; but it was Diebitsch, who invaded through the Balkans to Evros" That war has another perspective.It was devastating for Bulgarians who lived in the theater of war and participated. Nearly 20% of all Bulgarians were killed, deported and died from diseases. From 1767 utill 1878 there were 6 wars which main battlefield was Eastern Balkans. Most of them are not even known but they determined the future policy which includes all states around the Black Sea and the broader region.
George Papatheofilou
George Papatheofilou 8 ай бұрын
Informative and thank you for sharing this knowledge
Carl Аustin
Carl Аustin 8 ай бұрын
@Sid P Sure it is easier to spread propaganda and indoctrination to which people are used and like. History is more complex and needs the effort to be understood and will debunk slogans and historical fabrications used until today. The way they go they have more viewers, which is profitable. I do not consider them history channel anyway I give them a try to make them in the right direction of truth.
Sid P
Sid P 8 ай бұрын
They haven’t even done the great Turkish war forget about the Russo Turkish wars I want them to do all of the especially since then battles fought during the Turks and Russians were as incredible as the their expansions ones
AsikMort 8 ай бұрын
You should have given mesologgi one more minute. It wasn't just an exodus that happened and failed. The first wave of the soldiers around 1000 of them managed to get through The rest, half and half, died either on the pathway of the exodus and the other in the fort. Also the defenders when the ottomans came inside, put fire to the barrels filled with gunpowder. Your videos are great but the exodus, is more than just 3 sentences. And is actaully one of the key factors, that made other nation look towards Hellas. Great video, but that part was almsot disrespectfull to what you are doing, history videos, and the exodus. You made it sound as if the Hellenes got up, opened the door and charged with no planning.
Broken Bridge
Broken Bridge 8 ай бұрын
Glad to finally see another video on this war. I sure hope the last one isn't long in coming. Because I want to see how the naval battle mentioned in this video went. All I know is that the Ottoman's lost it. I don't know how. My compliments to all those who made this video a reality.
deantsol 6 ай бұрын
I am a proud descendant of the Dres Clan known as the Ndredes. My surname comes directly from the Clan Tselondre (ndre). We are situated in Kyparissia, Messinia and our villages are known as Soulimoxoria. Elders of the clan and our relatives are both from the Kolotronis family and Flessas. The Ndredes contribution to the Revolution is titanic. Thank You for your videos.
Very good as always. But I would like to point out an error. The portrait of Kutachi that also moves on the map is actually that of Ibrahim Pasha.
jackdonith 8 ай бұрын
Ibrahim: "Ok, I've almost won. I just need to land in Diros and surround the Maniot men" Maniot women: "Hello there!"
scr kai
scr kai 8 ай бұрын
As a greek it's the first time I hear about this British commanders they were never mentioned in any greek history book lord Byron from the other hand is very well known character in greece but if u ask a greek who was the commander of the Greeks in acropolis every one will answer georgios karaiskakis and Makrygiannis two heroes of the the greek war of independence
Νίκος Λαγογιάννης
Νίκος Λαγογιάννης 7 ай бұрын
When i was in 6th grade i remember most of these names were included . The greek revolution was 1/3 of this book certainly , however it was the last year where this book was used. The new history book i think was smaller had given less importance to battles and more to european politics of the time. It is sad if they decide to not mention the heroes (especially philhelenes) from all these heroic battles.
Himanshu Kumar ( Proud Dalit )
Himanshu Kumar ( Proud Dalit ) 8 ай бұрын
The quality of kings and general video is superb and what a great time we can watch it for free. Thank you for such great videos.
YahiaTheGreat 8 ай бұрын
The failed Egyptian-Ottoman alliance in Greece led to the Egyptian rebellion against the Ottomans in the 1830s. Mohamed Ali Pasha sent an army led by the same Ibrahim Pasha to invade Turkey, the Egyptians reached Anatolia, but the western powers had another say regarding a potential new caliphate and Sultan resides in Cairo rather than Istanbul. Waiting to watch episodes over that
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 2 ай бұрын
@Super Mavro so you guys claim egypt now lmao
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους 5 ай бұрын
@Super Mavro balkanite ? You are starting to forget your English as well? 🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
Super Mavro
Super Mavro 7 ай бұрын
@ممالك و معارك I just Iinked a source, but got deIeted
Tsakeboya 2 ай бұрын
Watching this from Missolonghi :) Here every year we celebrate the bravery of the Missolonghites in the Exodus celebrations, broadcasted nationwide.
Thanos Giannopoulos
Thanos Giannopoulos 7 ай бұрын
A good effort but you forgot to mention (besides a smallfootnote) the English Loans (there were two of them, not one) which had a huge impact on the Greek civil war (it was by using money from these loans that the Mavrokordatos/Kountouriotis faction was able to to attract Greek mercenaries and win against the warlords faction). Besides, in the siege of Athens part, you don't mention at all Georgios Karaiskakis, the greatest Greek military leader in Rumeli, the land north of the Peloponnese and his fights to relieve the Akropolis garrison. It was his suspicious death (probably killed by a Greek bullet) that doomed the relief effort.
Manos Alpha
Manos Alpha 8 ай бұрын
Nice! Thank you again kings and general for this video. We appreciate it. Love the series!!
Minoru 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for the brilliant video! Watching the second half of this movie, I felt that many countries are just pones for the superpower. When the pones move against the player's will, they are immediately transformed from breakwater into slaughterer, and army of justice moves forward to defeat them. Of course it's just a prejudiced personal chatting.
Steven MC
Steven MC 8 ай бұрын
Amazing work as always !!! So detailed ! I love it and i also learned a lot of new things too!
Khagan 8 ай бұрын
Legendary battles right there. Salutations from Turkey
Jasem Al Hammadi
Jasem Al Hammadi 8 ай бұрын
Can you make a video about Thucydides Trap? The term which describes the theory that when a great power's position as hegemon is threatened by an emerging power, there is a significant likelihood of war between the two powers. This is an important theory which the historian Thucydides developed during his witness accounts of the the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. It’s very relevant to modern day politics and the clash between US and China.
Nenenin Donu
Nenenin Donu 8 ай бұрын
The Khedivate of Egypt was specialized in supressing revolts for Ottomans as happened during the Wahhabi War led by the Emirate of Diriyah in the inner Arabian Peninsula
pseudomonas03 8 ай бұрын
Also even if it was mentioned the Siege of Acropolis for about a year by Kioutachi Pasha, it wasn't mentioned the reason of why the Siege continue for such a long period, and the reason was the victorious Campaign of the General Georgios Karaiskakis, (who is considered the 2nd greatest military leader of the Greek Revolution after Kolokotronis) in Rumelia, from August of 1826 to March of 1827, who after a series of victorious battles against Kioutachi Pasha's forces, especially the triumph in the Battle of Arachova (26 November 1826), in which Karaiskakis annihiliated a 2.200 strong Ottoman regiment, succeeded on cutting off Kioutachi, from his supply lines. Then Karaiskakis in a disastrous decision, was replaced by Church by the Greek Goverment, then he was killed, and the defeat at Analatos came as a result...
FREE GREECE 6 ай бұрын
Correct but they don't even mention him in the video. There r many mistakes.
Thomas Andrew
Thomas Andrew 8 ай бұрын
Really another great episode of greek war of independence. It completely makes me understand how the war go on. Keep it going KnG. Thank you for your excellent video
Dorian Philotheates
Dorian Philotheates 8 ай бұрын
I cannot fully express my admiration for this channel: I’m a longtime subscriber, yet you never fail to impress with your unique content, thorough research, and exceptional presentation. Very well done indeed. Greetings from Greece!
Giorgos Rallis
Giorgos Rallis 8 ай бұрын
Greetings from 🇬🇷 . Its mesologhi not misologhi. From the italian mezzo (middle) and lago (lake). Its called so because its surrounded by a lake. The etymology is known since 1571.
nappi Spi
nappi Spi 8 ай бұрын
Great series. Loved it. Keep it up 👍🏼
Irene Ylk
Irene Ylk 8 ай бұрын
Throughout Greek history, every fight against foreign powers has been preceded or followed by either an outright civil war or come damn near one. I always thought however that during the Greek revolution we truly outdid ourselves. The two sides fighting the civil war changed dramatically enough to be talking about pretty much 2 civil wars back to back and most importantly we did it WHILE at war, with a formidable new commander kicking our collective behinds. Having a long history allows for much greatness and as many (at least) disastrous, outright insane F ups. *edited a coma, a typo and a "much" (to "many") that survived changing the phrasing.
Antonis Theodoridis
Antonis Theodoridis 8 ай бұрын
this is better than any history book of my country
OrmelMr 8 ай бұрын
Keep on making such videos for modern History... Very nice job!
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 8 күн бұрын
Mani has a very interesting history not only it was never conquered by the ottomans they also at some point fought with the vandals who wanted to conquer the peloponnese ,they were repulsed and some years later the great general Belisarius visited them to honour them and recruit soldiers fir his campaigns
Historia Graecia
Historia Graecia 8 ай бұрын
Excellent video! Thank you for this treat! Could you do Balkan wars or hellenic expedition in Smyrna (1922) next?
Giannis Grats
Giannis Grats 7 ай бұрын
For the greek history the siege of Mesolonghi is considered to be the ultimate sacrifice of our ancestors for the cause of the revolution. Additionally, the exodus was arranged to take place at Eastern Sunday, which is very symbolic for the orthodox faith. Last but not least the video does not cover the suffering that the people in the city sustained as in the last month(s) of the siege it is said that they were hunting for rats within the city to eat instead of surrendering. I consider the siege of Mesolonghi and the slaughter of Psara to be the most influcencial events in the greek revolution that got the attention of the upper class in western Europe and led to the intervention.
Michael Singer
Michael Singer 8 ай бұрын
This series is great. Keep it up.
Leo S.
Leo S. 8 ай бұрын
Who would win? A highly modernized Egyptian army or some rural maniot grannys
Elias Papanikolaou
Elias Papanikolaou 8 ай бұрын
@Julian Musta first of al Maniots where not ,wearing Fustanella secondly Fustanella is remnants from Byzantine clothes ,and is wearing g in most of Greece and In South Albania an area was Hellenic Greek for many many centuries and third the word besa comes from the Greek word ,Εμπιστοσύνη, means trust your neo myths there are UNBELIEVABLE
Julian Musta
Julian Musta 8 ай бұрын
@Αntonis A fustanella , besa etc etc ... Definitivly , everyone understands they are albanians
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 8 ай бұрын
@Julian Musta maniots Albanians 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂
Mitsotrakadas_13 8 ай бұрын
Please kind sirs is there any chance that you put greek subtitles on these videos so that many of my fellow greeks can watch these revolution series? I see that some older videos about greece or byzantine have greek subtitles. Anyway you quys are the best, thank you for your quallity content! Love from Greece ❤️
Breader 8 ай бұрын
Can you please make a video on how the expansion of the republic was a factor to the fall of the Roman Republic?
Dimitris A
Dimitris A 8 ай бұрын
The image you used for Kutahi is actually a depiction of Ibrahim too.
TheLastEuropean 8 ай бұрын
Didn't know Sir Thomas Cochrane fought for the Greek cause 👍🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿
FREE GREECE 6 ай бұрын
In name only.. He went to Greece for pension.. just like old footbalers go to Asia or USA..
Arthur 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for doing this for my people.
Sophonias Messele
Sophonias Messele 8 ай бұрын
Ending gave me goosebumps
Νίκος Λαγογιάννης
Νίκος Λαγογιάννης 7 ай бұрын
Many villages in Peloponnese , even today when a wildfire happens and it is impossible to put out thess fires they tell something like " Was Ibrahim pass from that place?" . Ibrahim is described something like the devil himself. I remeber when i was a young kid my grandfather told me a story about a miracle according to local legends about an image of Theotokos (Virgin Mary). It is said that when Ibrahim's army passed and they burned everything to the ground, the priest of his village (or a nearby village) trying to save the image and threw her away in a little river as many people did with valuable stuff. When the revolution was over, the remaining villagers came back to rebuild the village and also trying to find everything they had flown into the river. Everything was turned to ashes or metled except this image (i think this image still exists today if the nazis didn't stole it). As a child i was shocked how is it possible to create such big fires with 19th century tools, where even objects inside a river they can melt or burned.His exterminating campaign it is compared by eldermen as equal to the germans occupation in Greece or even worse.
Alex Spencer
Alex Spencer 8 ай бұрын
LOVE this series 🖤
Λύσανδρος Rac
Λύσανδρος Rac 8 ай бұрын
During the invasion of Peloponnese Ibrahim sent a letter to Kolokotronis threatening him that he will burn everything to the ground, Kolokotronis respond to this by saying that even if he destroy everything even if there is only one Greek they will never surrender and to forget the idea that he will ever conquer this land.
Eugen Cjapi
Eugen Cjapi 7 ай бұрын
Teodor Kollokotroni and Marko Bocari were Albanian and spoke Albanian. Are you saying that the Greek Revolution was led by Albanians?@!!
Dragonbunny22 8 ай бұрын
Haven't watched the video yet. I am Greek and I have to say that the internal strife for leadership is the bane of our people. Everybody wants to rule at the slightest chance. At least we unite at the face of the common enemy. It's almost as if the City State logic never left us.
Perfect video!! Please make some videos about the Balkan wars in the future.
Arolema Prarath
Arolema Prarath 8 ай бұрын
@Gjergj Aurelius Are you a muslim?
Gjergj Aurelius
Gjergj Aurelius 8 ай бұрын
Balkan wars? Man just read the comments after you announce your background. I’m going to get it started,GREEK!🤣 Kosovo is Albania!
Marcelo Izukawa
Marcelo Izukawa 8 ай бұрын
Here in Sao Paulo - Brazil there's is a street named after Lord Cochrane, located close to where Independence was officially declared
Rob Babcock
Rob Babcock 8 ай бұрын
Fantastic video! I can't wait for the finale.
josh taylor
josh taylor 8 ай бұрын
Can't wait for the next episode
BustyPigeon 8 ай бұрын
18:10 In 1827 France did not have the tricolor as a flag. It was newly a monarchy under the House of Bourbon.
G Gaston
G Gaston 7 ай бұрын
Thank you Hayti for helping us get our independence
Doc 8 ай бұрын
"There was a russian sized elephant in the room" may be the best line I heard in a while
Paco Smith
Paco Smith 8 ай бұрын
Please make documentary about the french invasion of Algeria. Its interesting topic and its related to the battle of navarino too.
Cecilia 8 ай бұрын
If i remember correctly it was related to the sultans doing shit
Uzair Ahmed
Uzair Ahmed 8 ай бұрын
Fantastic video keep it up your doing amazing job
Gelis Geo
Gelis Geo 8 ай бұрын
The Souliotes were an Eastern Orthodox community of the area of Souli, in greek historical region Epirus. They are known for their military prowess, their resistance to the local Ottoman Albanian ruler Ali Pasha, and their contribution to the Greek cause in the Greek War of Independence, under leaders such as Markos Botsaris and Kitsos Tzavelas. (Both call themselves greeks) The Souliotes established an autonomous confederation dominating a large number of neighbouring villages in the remote mountainous areas of Epirus, where they could successfully resist Ottoman rule. At the height of its power, in the second half of the 18th century, the community (also called "confederacy") is estimated to have consisted of up to 12,000 inhabitants in about 60 villages. The community was classified as Greek in the Ottoman system of social classification. They was speakin dialect based in Albanian with greek influence... they have influences from both nations Of course they wasn't typical Albanians ....
Gelis Geo
Gelis Geo 7 ай бұрын
@Eugen Cjapi all this never happened of course... Suliotes fight against Albanians of Ali pasha.. He destroyed all their villages and they run to escape south in Greece.. The remaining fought alongside the rest of the Greeks a few years later . They didn't lead anything some of them became captains in some Greek rebel groups against the ottomans and Albanians
Eugen Cjapi
Eugen Cjapi 7 ай бұрын
The Suliots were Cham Albanians, they led the Greek revolution of 1821, the Greek state violently drove the Suliots to Albania because they were Chams.
Eugen Cjapi
Eugen Cjapi 7 ай бұрын
The Suliots were Cham Albanians, they led the Greek revolution of 1821, the Greek state violently drove the Suliots to Albania because they were Chams.
Andjj90 7 ай бұрын
@AllStar Lord One thing Albanians want stop calling Epirus Greek call it like it is albanian-Greek region My ancestors were from a Albanian city near the border with greece I was born blonde curly hair Pirro ,Aleksander the great blonde had curly hair so my dna is saying that I belong there so is in my right to claim as an Albanianepirot
pseudomonas03 8 ай бұрын
Good video as always. It was great to see the Siege of Missolonghi and the three great battles of the Maniots against Ibrahim's troops. But there are some elements to add. The leaders of the Missolonghi during the Siege, were Thanasis Razikotsikas, Kitsos Tzavellas and Dimitrios Makris. The Siege of Missolonghi and the resistance for an entire year, from the 20.000 Ottomans of Kioutachi Pasha and then the 32.000 of the united Ottoman/Egyptian troops, it was a heroic saga, that shake the peoples of Europe. I believe that deserved a bit more detail. At least the Battle of Klisova, where 112 Greeks lead by Kitsos Tzavelas won against 6.000 Ottomans and Egyptians causing them, 2.000 casualties, could be mentioned.
Athanasopoulos L.
Athanasopoulos L. 8 ай бұрын
Alexandros Mavrokordatos, president of the first National Assembly of Epidaurus, drew up and on January 15, 1822, issued the famous "Declaration of the Independence of the Greek Nation". He took care of the conclusion of the English loan for which he was severely accused, although the main purpose was achieved: "to blame, so to speak, England in the outbreak of the Greek revolution and to give occasion to the beginning of mutual relations " between Greece and England, as Mavrokordatos himself said in his instructions. A genious political move, he managed to take out a loan, even though Greece was not recognized as a state.
Cheryl Branche
Cheryl Branche 8 ай бұрын
Love the series.🥰
Tim H
Tim H 8 ай бұрын
I don’t know what’s written on Lord Byron’s grave, but it should absolutely be replaced by “English Greekaboo Supreme.”
ric 63
ric 63 7 ай бұрын
Always interesting to watch! Fast forward 20 years and Christian European powers would be helping Muslim Ottomans to keep their Christian populations firmly under fairly brutal control! Maybe the Crimean War is on your list of things to do, or I've missed it?
Beach Boy
Beach Boy 8 ай бұрын
Excellent video 📹 Can't wait for the next one.
Nick Anestos
Nick Anestos 8 ай бұрын
Also the European officers who had organized and led the Egyptian army were FRENCH ex officers of Napoleon.
ممالك و معارك
ممالك و معارك 7 ай бұрын
most of high ranked Officers in the Egyptian Army were Albanians or Turkish but the one who built the Army with modern tactics was French ( Joseph Anthelme Sève or Süleyman Pasha )
thanos koumpanis
thanos koumpanis 8 ай бұрын
As a Greek I am very honoured and thankful to the channel
Giorgos Chatzakis
Giorgos Chatzakis 8 ай бұрын
Amazing video, though warlord karaiskakis should be mentioned
Kleo Bets
Kleo Bets 8 ай бұрын
I think you mixed the portraits of Turkish generals. The portrat used for Kioutachi pasa is actual Ibrahim's portait
Kleo Bets
Kleo Bets 8 ай бұрын
@Klaus Brinck wow, είμαστε αρκετοί
Kleo Bets
Kleo Bets 8 ай бұрын
@Klaus Brinck Kleomenis is the actual name. Ancient Greek Spartan King name. You might more info as Cleomenes
Hugo Davenport
Hugo Davenport 8 ай бұрын
superbly produced video
Topicus History
Topicus History 8 ай бұрын
Can't wait for the next episode what a tangled web it all was.
Kanal LoucoMania
Kanal LoucoMania 8 ай бұрын
Thomas Cochrane,He Was Responsible For One of First Massacres in independent Brazil,ordering That it’s Soldiers Shoot in portugueses and Brazilian Soldiers Allied To Portugal Captured And Thirsty Fearing A Revolt,There Ware Soldiers Frow The Two Countries Who Fought On Both Sides.Later He Would Disaster in Greece But l Don’t Comment.
Admiral Karl Donuts
Admiral Karl Donuts 8 ай бұрын
Yesss! Another Greek revolution video!
DARK STAR GOOFY 8 ай бұрын
thank you for this video
Dan from the Burgh
Dan from the Burgh 8 ай бұрын
Richard Santos García
Richard Santos García 8 ай бұрын
Any word on the possible continuation of the Napoleonic series? Or at the very least a confirmation that the series is indeed dead. Just for the sake of closure mostly. Thanks and keep up the great content output.
Osman Okumuşer
Osman Okumuşer 8 ай бұрын
Great work man.
Μιχάλης Λουκάς
Μιχάλης Λουκάς 8 ай бұрын
Thank you, i was waiting for this video.
Jason Santos
Jason Santos 8 ай бұрын
Well can't wait to see the final chapter of the Greeks war for independence
amir kamy
amir kamy 8 ай бұрын
I loved the Cochrane cameo
Sυρεr Frσg
Sυρεr Frσg 8 ай бұрын
This is Mani!
Chris Martindale
Chris Martindale 8 ай бұрын
Amazing the Sultan rejected that offer. How often is their a compromise that is win-win? Normally a good compromise leaves everyone upset.
Neo Nwafor
Neo Nwafor 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for you're hard work
Very good sir ! But the battles of maniots against imprahim pasa deserve a separete video
Febrian 007
Febrian 007 8 ай бұрын
Please continue the series on crime syndicates Please make a video about the history of the Russian mafia and the Mexican cartel
Collin Trytsman
Collin Trytsman 8 ай бұрын
hiho, any plans to do series on the various Balkans Wars following this?
Ben Scriven
Ben Scriven 8 ай бұрын
"Lord Byron: English Greekaboo supreme". Is a sentence I did not expect!
Trajan 8 ай бұрын
@moutsatsosa Relax man, it’s just a joke. K&G is well aware of why Byron supported Greek independence, they were just poking a bit of fun which they do often.
Trajan 8 ай бұрын
@moutsatsosa It’s just a cute way to say someone is obsessed with or infatuated with a certain culture or country. Don’t take it so seriously
Noah Kidd
Noah Kidd 8 ай бұрын
Best description of Byron I've heard yet
Ghost Countries
Ghost Countries 8 ай бұрын
And still till this day the rivalry is big. Unfortunately right now it is actually even more than a rivalry...
ai_ Boy
ai_ Boy 8 ай бұрын
Wow, this vid is incredible. So hyped. The British, French and Russians, they don't stand a chance in hell hahahah
TMDF100 8 ай бұрын
Will the French Morea expedition also be covered?
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