Imperial Legacies | From the Tomb of Alexander

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8 ай бұрын

Build a diverse army of countryballs, relive iconic moments from the life of Alexander the Great, and ride forth to conquer the known world!
AlexanderBall: A Countryball Tale has entered Early Access on steam! Get it now!
Be sure to join the game's Discord channel
And if you have questions, the developers are now maintaining a subreddit for the game
The developers will be making free content updates in the coming months and would love to hear your feedback to make the game as awesome as possible.
This video is a starting point. Sort of to kick us off into a series. I would like to make several videos discussing and presenting how Imperialism throughout the ages and various Empires affected the political and economic developments of various societies across the world. And what better place to start, than with one of the first Empires, that of Alexander the Great, and how his idea of a universal Empire endured beyond his death throughout the ages.
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Thank you for watching, and don't forget to subscribe to watch more.

Kraut 8 ай бұрын
Check out AlexanderBall: A Countryball Tale here: And thank you sbnt for reaching out to me, I am happy to give an Indie developer a helping hand.
Luke 8 ай бұрын
1st show love
Ryan m
Ryan m 8 ай бұрын
Are you secretly Vlad Vexler?
Some History Nerd
Some History Nerd 8 ай бұрын
Hopefully y there can be more projects like these, just don’t overwork yourself, you’re making the best history videos on the site. If you want a break, take it. I personally think that Quality with forever be better than Quantity. Keep it up!
An Italian Theorist
An Italian Theorist 8 ай бұрын
@Kraut_the_Parrot I would suggest you also look up the Italian empire more specifically it’s Dodecanese colony and the original idea of Roman reunification that fascism had opposed to nazi-fascism. The coverage on the situation there is mainly done by Greeks and Italians but It’s really interesting. The so called “ White colony” of Italy
the population of Kazakhstan
the population of Kazakhstan 8 ай бұрын
The answer is so simple, to be an empire you just need to have at least 1000 development and 50 prestige
Tiago Alves
Tiago Alves 8 ай бұрын
This guy gets it
Irfa' Alwan
Irfa' Alwan 8 ай бұрын
no u need 3 kindom title or 100 county + 1000 gold then u can form empire
Ram P
Ram P 8 ай бұрын
Or just form an endgame tag like hindustan or russia
Mo R.
Mo R. 8 ай бұрын
N p
N p 8 ай бұрын
No, you need to own at least 80% of the de jure land and have 500 gold and own at least 2 kingdom tier titles within the de jure empire.
WinterToker 8 ай бұрын
The game looks decently well made
shittin on the ceiling
shittin on the ceiling 8 ай бұрын
Can't wait to conquer and burn some balls
HistoricallyAccurate 8 ай бұрын
Yea the game actually looks really good. Will have to try it out!
Christopher Murphree
Christopher Murphree 8 ай бұрын
Looks great, especially if it’s in early access!
Fun Fact: The legacy of Alexander the Great was also kept by Muslim emperors. Many great Islamic warriors like Nader Shah, Alauddin Khalji and Selim the Grim were known as Sikandar-i Sani which simply means Second/New Alexander .
Fishwicks 8 ай бұрын
That's actually awesome! Glad to see his legacy lived on, and his legacy of multiculturalism with it
mr. trollnator
mr. trollnator 8 ай бұрын
Pax 8 ай бұрын
I didn't think it was possible but somehow this video gave me even more newfound respect for Alexander's brilliance. The man was, in so many regards, a genius. He understood everything around him with such clarity, from animals, to people, to cultures, to geography. He had a novel way of being able to perceive the path of least resistance. And that above his swordswman ship or bravery or anything else, was his greatest strength.
Frank Witte
Frank Witte 8 ай бұрын
Not only that ... Alexander actually made it into the Quran as "Dhu al-Qarnayn".🤔
nn nn
nn nn 8 ай бұрын
I’m a American and I was surprised to first learn that, it if you think about it should be very obvious. Alexander’s empire went from Modern Egypt to Syria and Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and he went all the way to Punjab. He never even set foot in France, England, Germany or Russia
Jim Wu
Jim Wu 8 ай бұрын
2:03 "... And you may as well all bow before the Canadian Empire, which is one of the greatest empires of our time and history..." - Kraut We made it, comrades! Hail, hail Canada!
Kaze Kami
Kaze Kami 8 ай бұрын
When Canada Rules the World!
Ike U
Ike U 8 ай бұрын
America lite is getting ambitious 😂😂
Kaze Kami
Kaze Kami 8 ай бұрын
@Roko’s Basilisk Relax, we're not next to Russia.
Ixian Technocrat
Ixian Technocrat 8 ай бұрын
All shall be one under leaf !
La Hire
La Hire 8 ай бұрын
One important point: you could certainly find many atrocities done by the French as by any other people on the planet but it was not French troops who burned the Summer Palace of China. The commander of the French troops, Charles Cousin-Montauban, was opposed to it, and so the burning of the Summer Palace, carried out by the British on the orders of Lord Elgin, happened without the French.
Matthew Christou
Matthew Christou 8 ай бұрын
I was about to say, I thought it was the British who did that, not the French
Fantomas 8 ай бұрын
Yep, the brits did it
Chrysobubulle 8 ай бұрын
Kraut is very consistant with his anti french biases
Robert Harkness
Robert Harkness 8 ай бұрын
is this the same lord Elgin of the Elgin Marbles fame?
Common Sense
Common Sense 8 ай бұрын
@Chrysobubulle with a name like Kraut would you be surprised by that haha
Kevin Cronk
Kevin Cronk 8 ай бұрын
I'm always so excited when a new Kraut video comes out, cant wait for when you can afford to go back to the big projects. Just don't overwork yourself, you're making these amazing videos available for free you have no obligation to us
Kraut 8 ай бұрын
it really annoys me that big videos are unprofitable and that I have to slowly work on them on the side.
acidous 8 ай бұрын
​@Kraut Have you tried cutting them in smaller parts and releasing them on a weekly basis? I really miss your two hours long essays and I get that cutting them into two parts didn't help much with algorithms, but what if you cut it into episodes 15-20 minutes long? You were structuring them into ~15 minutes chapters anyway, so you wouldn't have to change your workflow too much. Your recent videos are also interesting, but it always feels like you're barely touching the surface and want to say more, but in the end we only get only the most important stuff with little historical context.
The88Cheat 8 ай бұрын
@Kraut I don't know if you've already covered it, but I would LOVE a video talking about the good and the bad of British Empire and how its existence and ending influenced world history.
MierdaMexicanaDotEXE 8 ай бұрын
@Kraut can you please do more videos on the European union? / can you do a small video about Cyprus maybe?
Uğur Aymelek
Uğur Aymelek 8 ай бұрын
@Kraut But they are the best when it comes to offering insight. Your trio of Turkish History from Central Asia to Atatürk is probably second-to-none in KZbin when it comes to explaining how people lived and structured their systems, from nomads to current people.
Gutfried Von Guttenberg
Gutfried Von Guttenberg 8 ай бұрын
Palpatine was very fond of defining an empire by himself
martypython 8 ай бұрын
“A great day in Canada, and thus the world.” “As is tradition” Little did the meme creators realized, they have made Canada an imperialistic presence on the internet.
Y2KNW 8 ай бұрын
Ave Canuckistani!
Benismann 8 ай бұрын
uif only that meme spread outside of canada like ever
Dmechanico Dude
Dmechanico Dude 5 ай бұрын
Which is ironic because those two lines quote southpark which was made by two americans
Extra in Exile
Extra in Exile 8 ай бұрын
Even for rulers like Genghis Khan whose burial site hasn't been found yet, khans in Central-Asia often claimed to be the rightful ruler of their khanate because they were a descendant of Genghis. If you weren't one of his descendants, you either had to marry your way into being one (Timurids), or give up the title of khan altogether (Emirate of Bukhara). I wonder if the Mongol Empire is gonna get an episode in this series.
Aoi Todo
Aoi Todo 8 ай бұрын
Yeah I hope he does do an episode on Genghis Khan/Mongol empire and it's lasting legacy in Central Asia/South Asia and the world in general.
Connor McLernon
Connor McLernon 8 ай бұрын
@Aoi Todo I mean, some of that was covered tangentially in the videos on Russia
Aoi Todo
Aoi Todo 8 ай бұрын
@Connor McLernon honestly I don't remember that because i watch a lot of videos Man to the point where they become one big video in my brain.
Philip 8 ай бұрын
ayo, love your videos! great to see you here!
coldwar45 8 ай бұрын
Actually didn’t know his grave has yet to be found. Thanks for the info.
Aaron Fire
Aaron Fire 8 ай бұрын
I’m gonna go out on a limb here and say that Empires are a natural political development for all human civilization. They are as natural as any other policy or government. From the very primitive empires of tribal supremacy over close neighbors, to very sophisticated continent spanning or global empires. It’s always been with us and it will always be with us. The definition of empire I like most is: A polity, culture, or country that grows beyond its historic birth place to conquer or incorporate other countries and peoples of various religious, cultural, or ethnic backgrounds; forming a multicultural, or multiethnic, or cosmopolitan civilization. We should also remember that empires change even those who are the imperialists, that country which creates the empire is itself changed by it.
random guy
random guy 8 ай бұрын
persian empire and chinese empire were both only filled with their own people and were still empires only late persia and china incorporated other cultures
rrrr 8 ай бұрын
@random guy not true the ahamenidian empire was comprised of many different cultures in fact the later Persian empires were the ones which did not rule other cultures
Helmutt Hat
Helmutt Hat 8 ай бұрын
The fact that the first bronze age civilizations we learn about in history were empires. Although in the bronze and iron ages, empires were different than modern empires because there was much more local autonomy. You had the dynamic where the subject peasant farmers really didn't care who sat on the throne in the capital, as long as they could continue doing their peasant stuff, and a king of kings didn't really care how local governance was conducted, as long as those territories paid taxes for the imperial treasury and mustered men for the imperial army.
Aaron Fire
Aaron Fire 8 ай бұрын
@Helmutt Hat limitations in communication, travel, and weaponry also play a big role. More efficient systems of communication and travel allow you to expand further and better weapons/discipline/organization relative to your rivals allow you to hold what you have and continue to expand.
Leo 8 ай бұрын
@random guy This completely ignore that the Chinese people weren’t always one single Chinese people Even today you can notice the difference between south Chinese and north Chinese, and those differences were even more notorious centuries ago And the same can be said about the 3 Iranian empires, the parthians weren’t considered persians for example, still they governed the second great iranian nation and were part of the third one
Stoneworks 8 ай бұрын
I am absolutely fascinated by institutions of power and what gives them legitimacy and psychological weight. This video was a blessing to my day, thank you for making it! I shall also take a look at AlexanderBall because it looks really cool.
Mr. Blah
Mr. Blah 8 ай бұрын
Common Stoney W
Soffren 8 ай бұрын
"To get political..."
DevinMes 8 ай бұрын
Arvedur 8 ай бұрын
Ngl stoney Velerin was kinda like Alexander's empire.
Braden Mayer
Braden Mayer 8 ай бұрын
When Kraut releases, it's a good day.
Feng Lengshun
Feng Lengshun 8 ай бұрын
When you said "Akbar the Great," I had to pause the video and search if that's real. I thought, "no way they call someone like that." Lo and behold, it is true and real. They really do call someone "Great the Great." I swear, some histories just comes with built-in humor.
Ahmet Cem Coşkun
Ahmet Cem Coşkun 8 ай бұрын
Hey man great video! Just wanted to clarify the tomb on the Turkish-Syrian border belongs to Suleiman Shah not Suleiman the Magnificent. Suleiman Shah was the grandfather of Osman I who is the founder of the Ottoman dynasty
Kevin Cronk
Kevin Cronk 8 ай бұрын
You may say the mongols didnt have advanced systems, but for a time they were extremely effective. Those systems spanning such a massive empire changed the world just as much as western imperialism did centuries later.
Kīrīakū 8 ай бұрын
Alexander really did manage to make himself a god.
August RempelEwert
August RempelEwert 7 ай бұрын
He actually did it, the absolute madlad.
Zedek 8 ай бұрын
My history professor defined an empire as an entity or society with a central core, that effectively projects a powerful, and _effective_ sphere of influence to the periphery. A society become an empire because it is able to dominate other societies for its own benefit. Like the USA - an empire doesn't need to conquer land; it can just exert overwhelming financial and military power --- do something they don't like, and what do you know, suddenly there is a coup by a newly enriched and well-equipped faction.
han Pol
han Pol 8 ай бұрын
Not a bad definition, but it could also be a hegemony and not an empire than or the linchpin of an alliance. While imperialism usually suggest a greater level of exploitation.
Adavi Davis
Adavi Davis 8 ай бұрын
Can you name any actial examples here? Hard to think of any historical alliance structures that had sufficient influence to constitute an exception to this definition and were not underpinned by an empire. MAYBE the Hellenic league, but then Athens was debateably an empire. I think a far better rebuttal to this definition is that many countries are empires by his definition. Iran is currently exerting what you could call an effective and powerful sphere of influence in the Middle East. Not many people currently consider Iran to be an empire (though maybe you could contend that). Turkey, Israel, Nigeria and Australia may also be relevant examples to varying degrees.
Persona 8 ай бұрын
The term 'hegemony' seems to be more appropriate for this definition than 'empire'.
Joseph Abello
Joseph Abello 8 ай бұрын
I mean, the US DID conquer land.. lots of land
hurrdurrmurrgurr 8 ай бұрын
@Adavi Davis Under his definition the EU would be an empire because their self imposed regulations such as emissions standards get adopted globally.
Ravignon 8 ай бұрын
Charlemagne was obviously Flemish
cowgirltheworld 8 ай бұрын
Charlemagne was obviously a baddie (Flemish)
Max 8 ай бұрын
No he wasn’t obviously
Fishwicks 8 ай бұрын
@Max that's the joke
Craig Chronicles
Craig Chronicles 8 ай бұрын
lmao 🤣
17AC 8 ай бұрын
Zedero 8 ай бұрын
Great video and analysis man, you never fail to teach me something new and interesting! ❤🇬🇷🇪🇺
Lionheart617 8 ай бұрын
i often use your videos to help me come up with lore for fictional nations i sometimes make. i am glad i am not alone
Chien Banane
Chien Banane 8 ай бұрын
About the definition of empire : I think we tend to assume the meaning of words stem from an neat abstract, conceptual definition. It often works well, but some words, like "empire", instead are defined by a perceived commonality to a number of real world examples. An empire is a political entity that is similar in enough ways to the Roman empire, the archetypal empire from a western point of view. A good example of the distinction is with the meme "is a hot-dog a sandwich?". If we go by definition, as a piece of meat "sandwiched" in a piece of bread it is, but we know that when somebody asks for a sandwich, they are not expecting a hot-dog, because we really identify sandwiches as "anything that is similar enough to an ideal archetypal sandwich". The distinction is relevant because if we assume several things named "empire" all share a core set of features that defines the term, we might gloss over the possibility that they instead share a sufficient amount of a number of features that each empire may or may not posess. For example : feature 1 : large territory feature 2 : single powerful ruler feature 3 : expansionist feature 4 : rules over different peoples An first empire might display features 1, 2 & 3, a second 2, 3 & 4, a third 1, 3 & 4...
Noobs_of_Gaming 7 ай бұрын
The first sentence of Wikipedia says feature 4. Is there a Empire without a diversified Population?
Kabodra 8 ай бұрын
1:34 - You made a little mistake. The "Suleiman" that you were referring to here (the one whose tomb was between Turkey and Syria) was not the 10th Ottoman Sultan - Suleiman the Magnificent. No. The Suleiman whose tomb is on the border is the Suleiman who was the grandfather of the Osman bey (the guy who would yet to create the Ottoman state). For your information, that Suleiman is referred to as "Suleiman Shah" - as you can see in the photo of his tomb which you used in the video
Kelvin Mulungu
Kelvin Mulungu 8 ай бұрын
Aww. You're so cool Kraut! Thank you for supporting game devs (every gamedev deserves love)
Pickle Chungus
Pickle Chungus 8 ай бұрын
It is cool seeing landmarks and tombs that have been around for 1000s of years. Like 'I wonder what Augustus thought when he saw the pyramids, the same object I am looking at right now in the flesh.'
havocgr1976 8 ай бұрын
Considering at the time of Cleopatra they were already ancient and were tourist attractions even then, he probably thought the same ;p
danomar 8 ай бұрын
This is the way I see the definition of “Empire” not a strict guideline of requirements that all must be completed but instead a list of things that can make an empire. Here are the main three I think we naturally associate with empires. 1. A state ruling over a diverse group of people (Most empires tbh) 2. A state which is simply “great” - Because of martial prowess (Rome) (Alexander) - Territorial Size - Cultural, technological, and economic strength (the Chinese empires) 3. A state that naturally favors the ruling class (and or ruling people) over its subjugated other people. (Mongols for example) An empire does not need to complete all 3 but at least one to be an « Empire » However here’s my main point. While I think this video was fantastic I think the question of what makes an empire is kind redundant and useless. When those with a good amount of experience look at a state in history they can call it an empire usually pretty easily by instinct due to the aforementioned things that we humans can train our brains to notice. Sure sometimes there are the big questions like is America an Empire? But I think the question « What is the definition of an Empire » Isn’t very important as if anything it’s just a broad statement like « A Great State that had Great influence » No matter how vague that definition is, that’s all that really matters when we use the word empire to describe states directly in their name (Roman Empire) so we can understand that they were no ordinary state and that they yes, we’re a great state with great influence on history. Great video!!!
TeamKatastrophe 5 ай бұрын
Rather than visiting an earlier emperor's tomb, you could also incorporate it into your own tomb. The road of first Ming emperor's tomb makes a detour to loop around the first Wu emperor's tomb.
WordArt Guian
WordArt Guian 8 ай бұрын
the way you pronounce a lot of words is already very german but Seloicus was the most german of them all
MeowTheRainbowX 4 ай бұрын
If they're still in the pipeline, I'm looking forward to the rest of the series!
Scott Fitzgerald
Scott Fitzgerald 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for the latest update. I being an American, still enjoy your analysis from as far back as your "Trumps Biggest Failure" video. Particularly, the scrutiny and deep delve into research of each topic. Please continue to make emphatic critique essays of geopolitics and history that leads to geopolitics. I tip my hat to you sir.
Gabe Stark
Gabe Stark 8 ай бұрын
You really have a way of finding new lenses to look at history through. The definition of empire, what an interesting video. Bravo once again.
Moth 8 ай бұрын
The similarity between Alexander and Cyrus the Great's methods is interesting. When conquering Babylon he presented himself as restoring the gods and freeing the people from Nabonidus. Same for the Jews which came under his domain after taking over the Babylonian empire. He's the only foreign person to be presented as a messiah in the Old Testament. Would Alexander have had known about Cyrus' methods? If so, do you think he was taking inspiration from him? He evidently idolised the person to some extent given that he visited his tomb.
Matthew Christou
Matthew Christou 8 ай бұрын
Also an interesting point you make is about how, in a sense, this 'cult' of empire ended with the Third Reich as they represented the effects of imperialism at their worst, a far cry from the systems of Cyrus or Alexander.
LukeMJHS 8 ай бұрын
An interesting thing to mention is the linguistic origin of the word empire, from imperator, just meaning commander in early rome. Later Augustus used it to refer to the ruler of Rome and everyone after used to title to claim legitimacy from some long ago era of greatness. Every region of the world has some story like this where the local dominate force creates a term that everyone uses to harken back to. When put into context, its clear anyone who wants to be called emperor wants to lay claim to legacy of power that came before them, and the right to rule that preceded them. This claim gives them justification to absorb and assimilate like talked about at 5:20
Jenny 8 ай бұрын
Kruat I really appreciate the “Quid sum?” at the beginning. I expected a more detached and common use of sum, esse: “Quid est?” which made “quid sum” actually a pretty funny subversion of expectations
Can Bakır
Can Bakır 8 ай бұрын
Happy to support this channel! I'd love to see more!
HighFive 8 ай бұрын
I was looking for a very long time, but failed trying to find videos as good as yours. Simplicity and level of details in your videos is astonishing. Keep doing such a great job. Additionally a website with links, additional content would be great extension of your work.
The Bugle
The Bugle 8 ай бұрын
it is amazing how influential singular figures can be in history. is it an organic process that societies have or just plain flukes? perhaps whats even more amazing is that almost all these legendary figures came very close to death before accomplishing their most remembered feats
Azar Shadakumuktir
Azar Shadakumuktir 8 ай бұрын
Good video. I nevertheless have qualms with your claim that Alexander was the first to try to create a universal emperor. The Achaemenids were also pharaohs of Egypt. Alexander's political aim was in great part to be the second Cyrus, a ruler that was greatly praised in classical greek historiography and ethics. Cyrus in his babylonian cylinder used as his main title the very prestigious but quite unassuming title of "ruler of Anshan", which highlighted his prestigious origin while also creating a blend between elamite and iranian identity (Anshan was one of the twin capitals of ancient Elam). He also uses as secondary titles mesopotamian ones like "king of the four quarters" "king of the world" "great king" "king of Sumer and Akkad" and of course "king of Babylon", thus merging elamite and mesopotamian imperial legacies which had competed for hegemony during several millenia. This was thus quite groundbreaking, especially since the one achieving this was iranian thus tying Mesopotamia and the iranian plateau together, a transformation facilitated by the support of the influential babylonian clergy of Marduk. His son Cambyses would continue this legacy by making himself Pharaoh of Egypt. The universalist nature of the Achemenid empire would be somewhat reversed by Darius's coup, which would see iranian aristocrats gain more influence and a more centralized power but still Darius himself would closely tie himself to Cyrus's legacy. Still even Cyrus, who according to me was the first who really succeeded at creating a universal empire (in my view Alexander failed since he gave way too much power to his greek generals and neglected local institutions like the babylonian priesthood) wasn't the first to try. For example the rulers of Assyria who were at the same time the main example and the main antithesis of Achemenid imperial ideology (both relied on divine will and claimed world hegemony but the Achemenids claimed to be just liberators while the assyrians often quite openly acknowledged to be subjugators and destroyers), also tried to mesh Babylon together with Assyria by making themselves rulers of Babylon and by restoring local temples. The true invetors of this idea of a universal empire that transcends any single source of legitimacy and local power were people like Sargon of Akkad, Ur-Nammu and his less known elamite opponent Puzur-Inshushinak. Sargon despite being akkadian claimed the sumerian imperial legacy by underlining how he was chosen by Inanna, the patron godess of Unug, capital of his opponent Lugalzagezi and by using his former title of "king of Sumer and Akkad". Puzur-Inshushinak took an akkadian regnal name underlining how he was chosen by the patron god of the elamite city of Shushan, Inshushinak, he also called himself "governor of Shushan" which was ambiguous since it was an akkadian administrative title highlighting his position in Elam, he also took the title "lord of Awan" which was the name of the elamite rulers of Shushan before the akkadian conquest, and finally sumerians called him "man of Anshan" also tying him to the iranian highlands. Ur-Nammu would basically do the same as Sargon but backwards, adopting Akkadian imperial ideology in a sumerian framework. So a claim to universal rule but also universal legitimacy is actually built in the notion of empire. Most empires used it since it is convenient and even often necessary to justify imperial rule over foreigners. I also think you weren't honnest in your presentation of imperial power. An empire isn't always creating greater equality, one of the ways an empire can assert its power is by exploiting local social inequality and turning a dispriviledged social class against the local elites. Many historians claimed this was the case with muslim empires in India but that's a controversial statement, the soviets quite literally used this to conquer Azerbaijan, through a revolution of the workers of the Baku oilfields. Its simply that the more common tactic is to rely on local elites that are then made subservient to the imperial elite.
john smith
john smith 4 ай бұрын
I really appreciate this Kraut is great but some of his claims on history can really make me 😞
RiCy ssb
RiCy ssb 8 ай бұрын
Kraut's videos have such quality that i wait an entire day for the right moment to properly enjoy them
Alias Anybody
Alias Anybody 8 ай бұрын
So you are telling me that to become your merciful god-emperor I'd just need to visit all of those graves?
Duc Tran Hong
Duc Tran Hong 8 ай бұрын
And have a big army, lead in the front of the attack, and never lose. Very simple.
Duc Tran Hong
Duc Tran Hong 8 ай бұрын
And have a big army, lead in the front of the attack, and never lose. Very simple.
Reid 8 ай бұрын
This was great please make more!! I would love to hear more of the cross cultural stories of Alexander
Philip 8 ай бұрын
Kraut once again being the greatest creator on this platform. love the idea, and the game looks really good. both you amd the AlexanderBall developer keep up the great work!
Dimitri Bagatelas
Dimitri Bagatelas 8 ай бұрын
I love your channel, thanks for the great content. It’s amazing that you inspired someone to make a game from your videos. You also inspire me to read and learn more about history. It just so happens that your videos are just more interesting and fascinating. I found this one particularly interesting and was wondering if you could provide me with some reads that you used to make this video. Again, thanks for the great content, and in the future once I have more money saved I’ll contribute to your channel.
Chillbooks 8 ай бұрын
Honestly, one of the best videos we’ve watched in this genre of content. Cheers man!
gequitz 8 ай бұрын
Good. I sometimes have questioned the importance of Alexander, as his empire and those of his Successors are long gone, with Greek no longer spoken in the Middle East, but you show why his legacy lives on through other Empires. Thank you again.
finophile 8 ай бұрын
not only is your content fascinating, well researched and presented, you now show your great community attitude. Hats off sir.
David Glickman
David Glickman 8 ай бұрын
That was really interesting. A fresh perspective. Well done 👏
Georgios_ 8 ай бұрын
Very good video analysis. Alexander's conquests are often misunderstood in the west as just "gobbling up land" but the reality is that in those times, unlike modern imperialism, honor and duty played a much bigger role in society than money. The Greeks were disunited for a long time, and the Panhellenic Idea was only a recent ideology. In Athens, while the orator Isocrates supported the Panhellenists, many others like Demosthenes were vehemently against it. The Macedonians were very supportive of Alexander, but only as long as he could make the Panhellenic Alliance reclaim Ionia. So, in conquering Persia, to take revenge not just for his father, but also the Persian (and to an extent, the Persian entanglement in the Peloponnesian) War, Alexander basically had no choice but to invade Persia anyway. As Arrian notes in his work, Alexander's Anabasis, he told the Persian king Xerxes "your ancestors came to Macedonia and the rest of Hellas/Greece, and caused us great harm, although we had never harmed them in the past. For that reason I have come to Asia, to take it from you".
Hooman HM
Hooman HM 8 ай бұрын
Xerxes was long dead by the time Alexander was born and subsequently invaded Persia, so the notion that Alexander told Xerxes anything is just a myth. When Alexander invaded Persia, Darius III was the Achaemenid king.
SARS 8 ай бұрын
@Hooman HM the letter Alexander wrote was to Darius , the guy above made a mistake while writing . In the letter he indeed tells Darius he is coming for revenge for what the Persians have been doing to the Greeks , he also told Darius that he was coming to capture all of Asia and from now on Alexander would be the king of Asia.
Hooman HM
Hooman HM 8 ай бұрын
​@SARS Thanks for the correction, that sounds more plausible at least. He burnt Persepolis to the ground in response to Xerxes burning Athens, which was itself a response to the Athenians burning Sardis. Alexander did indeed dominate most of the then known world for a decade, only for his empire to collapse after his death.
Sergeant_Chris 8 ай бұрын
@Hooman HM his empire might have collapsed but the lands he conquered were ruled by the Hellenistic Kings for in many cases centuries after his death
Cringe Baby
Cringe Baby 8 ай бұрын
Learing something new about the world we live in is quite nice, thank you mr. Kraut!
Acid Person
Acid Person 8 ай бұрын
Kraut doing this put him on another level for me, as an indie developer myself
Dawud Sandstorm
Dawud Sandstorm 8 ай бұрын
I think the most interesting aspect of your definition of empire is the acceptance of the new conquerors as a continuation of that country's ruling tradition, though I believe you missed an opportunity to expound upon that with how the rejection of that claim can often dismantle that empire, with the Seleucid losing control of Persia rather quickly as the Iranians rejected their claims, while maintaining control of Babylonia and Syria, who they intermarried with rather frequently, much longer.
Zafar Ahmed
Zafar Ahmed 8 ай бұрын
Looking forward to the next couple of videos on this topic. One thing I’ve realised doing a political degree is that words, like empire, are not easy to define. Keep up the great work
Mad King of Madaya
Mad King of Madaya 7 ай бұрын
*_I think the fact that almost no big youtuber or figure even touches the Achaemenid Empire as a singular topic of it's own is just anticlimactic because their story is so magnificent and grande, it is trully Beethovens 9th and final symphony of the ancient world._*
Dodorium 7 ай бұрын
Hello, @Kraut. Good video as always. It might me rude of me to ask you this, but I would really love for you to make a video about Romania, mostly about the unification in the 19th century, but maybe modern history too. You have a way of explaining history and events that would make my history professors blush. Keep up the good work!
Quintiax 8 ай бұрын
Tbh it makes me wonder why Belgium in the 19th century, whilst searching for its own soul of the nation, never claimed to be the ancestral state of the Charlemagne empire. Well now that I think of it, pissing off two powerful neighbours might not have been a good idea.
17AC 8 ай бұрын
At the time they were trying to wrench themselves free from their Protestant rulers from the north, so doubling down on Catholicism as the basis for their nation was the most obvious option given the context by which the Belgian independence movement began.
Yuv 7 ай бұрын
Because the languages had no connection to carry the culture after that much migration of peoples
Julian Urbaniak
Julian Urbaniak 8 ай бұрын
I LOVE your content kraut. Seeing new videos from you always puts a smile on my face and gets me excited about whatever topic you choose.
Indy Read
Indy Read 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for all you do, sir. We appreciate it.
Sakarias Frette
Sakarias Frette 8 ай бұрын
Excellent work Kraut! Looking forward to the next one
LurkinTurk 8 ай бұрын
That's really nice of you to shout out other creators my friend. Absolute legend 🙌
Zoyo890 8 ай бұрын
Honestly, the game is a p cool concept! It's a nice change of pace and a charming style.
Bdellovibrio O
Bdellovibrio O 8 ай бұрын
What makes Brahms' fourth such an apt music choice for this video is that no real historical empire can be summarized by the behavior of any single institution, ideology, market, or faith. In this way, empires are analogous to Brahms' technique of continuous development of thematic material, whereby even a short snippet of the music reveals a kaleidoscopic layering of themes, each under some kind of transformation.
Matthew Christou
Matthew Christou 8 ай бұрын
Wow, it's fascinating how the tombs of former imperial leaders gained such a cult-like status from those who came after, from Alexander, to Augustus, to Charlemagne, to Frederick, to Napoleon.
SuperAzoz99 8 ай бұрын
Wow, what a great video. I enjoyed watching it. Personally, I consider an Empire to be a state that rules multiple kingdoms or nations.
Pizza Goblin
Pizza Goblin 8 ай бұрын
Fun fact: Kandahar in Afghanistan is named after Alexander. Iskandar is the Persian version of Alexander.
AK Brahma
AK Brahma 8 ай бұрын
Pizza Goblin
Pizza Goblin 8 ай бұрын
@AK Brahma as far as I know
Ike U
Ike U 8 ай бұрын
I'm excited for the upcoming videos. This one was wildly fascinating.
WeevilStevil 8 ай бұрын
Kraut, you're just such a nice guy honestly
Just a turtle
Just a turtle 8 ай бұрын
Kraut, CaspianReport, Mr. Mitchell History. KZbin be providing us with way better global commentary than mainstream news.
Quintiax 8 ай бұрын
I mostly agree, however in my opinion I find CaspianReports to be a tad too pessimistic. He views geopolitics through a realist lens (the international view, not the literal meaning of realism). Whilst it's still insightful, I think it sometimes gives too much of a binary worldview (either you win power or lose it, zero sum game).
weder2001 Maxim
weder2001 Maxim 8 ай бұрын
They are all idealists. I still laugh at the video where the Caspianreport tells how independent Mongolia is, because it is a democracy.
17AC 8 ай бұрын
@Quintiax So what if he leans more towards realism? Liberalism and realism should be treated as useful theories that can adequately explain certain geopolitical events better than each other at times, rather than as political labels that the terminally online use to facilitate their shouting matches.
Quintiax 8 ай бұрын
@17AC It's a preference. Personally I am not a big fan of realism, hence my preference not being KaspianReport and more towards the likes of PolyMatter (for example). It's not wrong to view international politics through a realist lens, but it's personally not for me. There are many ways to view international politics, liberalism and realism being only two of them. Neoliberalism on international politics can be seen as a compromise between realism and liberalism. Other worldviews include constructivism (our values shape the international stage), radicalism (a Marxist lens), institutionalism (we act according to the institutions we are part of) and functionalism (society is structured via substructures working together in collaboration to preserve the current society). The latter two however being more universal views rather than solely for international politics.
Chrysobubulle 8 ай бұрын
And always misleading ones Funny how people with snobbish accent and good elocution can say pretty much whatever they want and never be questionned
Cesar Ghisilieri
Cesar Ghisilieri 8 ай бұрын
Kraut's Age Of Empires! Soooo excited for this kind of content 🤩 sweet game too!
Gana Labas Ziņas
Gana Labas Ziņas 8 ай бұрын
Amazing content, wish you the best and hope to see more 😊.
Morphing Reality
Morphing Reality 8 ай бұрын
Very solid work :) We could add more complexity to the empire debate with financial empires, fashion moguls who conquered competition or the like, perhaps overlap between that and Rupert's Land, geopolitics with Thomas Bata etc..
Nobody special
Nobody special 8 ай бұрын
Just to add to your list of leaders visiting a past great leader's tomb, American Presidents travel to Mount Vernon to pay their respects at George Washington's tomb.
Wally Hackenslacker
Wally Hackenslacker 8 ай бұрын
Normally I don't care much for strategy games -because I suck at them- but AlexanderBall has me pretty intrigued!
Ole Fredrik Skjegstad
Ole Fredrik Skjegstad 8 ай бұрын
6:55 "founds a new city, known as Alexandria" Fun fact: modern-day Egyptian Alexandria is just one of many cities that Alexander the Great founded and named Alexandria. Some others were Alexandria-on-the-Indus and Alexandria Eschatae, "Alexandria the Furthest"
Adsper2000 8 ай бұрын
He founded so many cities that he literally named one of them after his horse.
Fog Repair Ship Akashi
Fog Repair Ship Akashi 3 ай бұрын
This was very interesting, I honestly never thought there was deeper political meaning to leaders visiting their forebears, but now the pattern is both obvious, and fascinating.
Eurofighter 2000
Eurofighter 2000 8 ай бұрын
This is great again! thank you for making these magnificent videos
BrianH1988 8 ай бұрын
What an interesting concept for promotion. I hope this works out well for both you and the developer.
Convincing Mountain
Convincing Mountain 8 ай бұрын
looking forward to exploring this stuff, sounds like an interesting topic
Eduardo Neves
Eduardo Neves 8 ай бұрын
Kraut, I love your video essays as you back your arguments with facts that help me picture history with a more human experience, "why things might be as they are due to such and such". Helps alot with daydreaming, background for work time and world building. I'd love to see this video essay theme dive into Portuguese mysticism, "Sebastianism and the 5th Empire" it isn't real per se but more of a nationalistic concept based on this old theocratic utopian prophecy that sort of justifies itself on that Empire succession concept. I'd love to hear your opinion on that! many thanks btw for your service ;D
Walter 8 ай бұрын
In a book im reading from Lawrence James he talks about how the British imperialists viewed the Romans as little people because they allowed there empire to be goverened by forces other than prosperity and growth.
Jon Hanson
Jon Hanson 8 ай бұрын
Wow! What a genius take! Can't wait to see where you go from here, so intriguing!
Cameron Nunléy
Cameron Nunléy 8 ай бұрын
Imperial Legacies, I've been waiting for a Kraut video on this. LET'S GO!!!
Pedro Santos
Pedro Santos 8 ай бұрын
Kraut, in this video, made me believe in world unity. 10/10 wholesome
Juan muñoz
Juan muñoz 8 ай бұрын
As an Uruguayan and a fan of you, that reference took me by surpirse and made me smile haha (also...yeah, we kinda don´t talk enough about the genocid it was "salsipuedes" )
Sum Arbor
Sum Arbor 8 ай бұрын
I love everything about this. I will be getting the game.
Max 8 ай бұрын
One definition of empire I got from a postcolonial African history professor was "Governing different people differently". I'm pretty sure someone famous said that before he did. I feel like it fits the mold fairly well, no?
Махамбет Мамыров
Махамбет Мамыров 8 ай бұрын
We, in Kazakhstan, know him as Yeskendir, the only western figure we have our own separate name for. We still name our children after him.
Jonathan Hermanek
Jonathan Hermanek 7 ай бұрын
Kraut, I would love to see your opinion on the idea that history repeats itself.
Trivan Annakkarage
Trivan Annakkarage 3 ай бұрын
Perfect explanation as always!
nitehawk86 8 ай бұрын
The mutual sponsorship is very heartwarming to see on youtube.
Hqfirebolt 8 ай бұрын
11:48 I had been an exchange student in Turkey in a city with many tombs of Ottoman sultans. I had always thought they were just a neat oddity, but this video really allowed me to understand why the hell they were there in the first place, and why they held in such esteem nowadays through various ceremonies and regulations regarding entering them.
anon video
anon video 8 ай бұрын
One definition of empire I learnt was that in an empire you have a small preferential group of people that rule over a larger group of subjects. For example the romans in rome rule over their allies/subjects in other citystates. Or the han chinese ruling over the various other groups. Later the Italian romans that ruled over the roman provinces. In colonial empires you had the people in the heartland (like spain, great britain or france) ruling over subject people in the colonies. This preferential treatment of the core group can be seen in structures like citizenship giving you extra rights, or the overlord putting its own people in top positions and denying the locals top positions. It does seem to work fairly well for the examples of empires you've given. So I hope you could consider this definition of empire as well, and maybe find it useful. You mention Ptolemaic egypt. While ptolemy does take on a lot of the egyptian culture (becoming a pharaoh, following egyptian culture and marrying into egyptian nobility) he also keeps a lot of the top greek. Greek soldiers are paid more and the upper layer of society remains mostly greek. Also a lot of alexander's generals divorced the wives alexander forced on them. Seloikos keeping his wife was a powerplay to give him more legitimacy. While the conquerors had to change themselves a bit to better rule their subjects, a lot of empires had a ruling class and group of people that was quite distinct from their subjects.
Korakys 8 ай бұрын
Yes it was funny how he said there were no especially good candidates for the definition of empire while not mentioning the most common one...
Admiral Firespammer
Admiral Firespammer 8 ай бұрын
> a small preferential group of people that rule over a larger group of subjects. So every monarchy/oligarchy ever is an empire?
anon video
anon video 8 ай бұрын
@Admiral Firespammer No, the king is of the same cultural group as the people he rules over. The ruling group should feel they are different than the rest. Like greeks ruling over egyptians.
Admiral Firespammer
Admiral Firespammer 8 ай бұрын
​@anon video > No, the king is of the same cultural group as the people he rules over. Is he? The fact that we consider them to be same cultural group doesn't mean that they considered themselves to be same cultural group. (See Polish Wewuzing aka Polish Sarmatianism) What exactly makes you think say that King and his subject are of same cultural group? Before 20th century culture of the "elites" and of "common people" were 2 entirely different spheres. Language? Before standardization and enforcement by state of single "correct" version it was a bunch of vaguely similar dialects inside language family. Not to mention that educated people were more likely to use sacred languages such as Latin in communication. (Wiki says that in 15 century ~70% of all books were in Latin). Clothing, songs lifestyle all drastically differed. Opposite is also the case, see Roman Empire as by the time of the Imperial period most considered themselves to be Roman -- making Roman empire not empire. >Like greeks ruling over egyptians. But those Greeks were Pharaoh, culturally. That's like saying that German shouldn't be considered to be a Russian monarch beccause they she was German. Speaking of which. Russia is a very good example of what I was talking about. The cultural rift divide between elites and (Russian) peasants was unimaginably massive.
7skanderbeg 8 ай бұрын
Absolutely fascinating stuff!
Pedram Hashemi
Pedram Hashemi 8 ай бұрын
Great video as always! But two questions: on 7:39 you depict two symbols for Iranian and Greek culture. Out of curiosity, which one is for Iran culture and what is the its name? As an Iranian I have never encountered with them before. seems cool symbols btw.
Andreas Gkoumas
Andreas Gkoumas 8 ай бұрын
I see what you saw in Alexander in his broader myth and legacy but I would argue Cyrus the Great was the first Imperial figure aside from China of course.
Rum 8 ай бұрын
I like your new version of your channel now. I remember years ago back when you had been around the critic crowd and how that would be rather suffocating. This feels more refreshing and informative.
Nicolas Garza
Nicolas Garza 8 ай бұрын
As an Uruguayan im just shocked at the mention of our name
Matthew Christou
Matthew Christou 8 ай бұрын
This 'imperial legacies' series is going to be GOATED
Lucas Ferré
Lucas Ferré 8 ай бұрын
Clément de Yularen
Clément de Yularen Ай бұрын
Never thought this video would be a quest to define the definition of an empire.
Styrofoam Snake
Styrofoam Snake 8 ай бұрын
When I heard that it was a game based on countryballs, I was skeptical. But it actually looks pretty good.
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