What happened with the Muslim Majority of Spain?

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Күн бұрын

What happened with the Muslim Majority of Spain?
The history of Spain has been vast and elaborate for centuries. It seems that the sizeable Iberian nation managed to keep itself relevant rather consistently over hundreds of years, and it's often remembered as a powerful, European, Christian nation. But before the colonial era or the Spanish Inquisition, came the Reconquista - something that was only necessary due to the conquest of Spain by Muslim Arabs and Berbers. Before the Reconquista was the period launched by such invaders - the time of Islamic Spain. But where did the Muslims go? How did Spain become synonymous with Christianity instead?...
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Пікірлер: 10 000
@hoselui Жыл бұрын
Rodriguez is one of the most common surnames in Spain, Rodriguez means son of Rodrigo and Rodrigo comes from Visigothic name Roderic so Rodriguez is a surname of Germanic origin.
@arlanpereiralima2801 Жыл бұрын
Rodriguez is two words Rod Riguez arabic words meaning garden of the dance.
@Rafael-zl7fh Жыл бұрын
@f.j.calana9978 Жыл бұрын
@@arlanpereiralima2801 no tienes ni pura idea
@jojolafrite9265 Жыл бұрын
​​@@arlanpereiralima2801 menuda mania que teneis de cambiar muchas cosas en Moro , como por ejemplo la Paella tambien es mora , menos mal que las mentiras no matan que si no no veas 😅 . El nombre de Rodriguez es puro ESPANOL =HISPANICO
@albertomolina8908 Жыл бұрын
@@jojolafrite9265 Tienes razón. Bastante tenemos con que unas 4000 palabras del español provengan del árabe, como para que encima algunos se inventen otras.
@bokasseloreos3169 Жыл бұрын
Several visigoths nobles competing for power actually assisted and helped guide the Muslim conquerers, providing them with intel on locations deep in the peninsula. Also worth mentioning that the Spanish jews sided with the Muslims.
@FredFurburguer Жыл бұрын
The same thing happened all along the Mediterranean coast, j*ws always supported and helped the muslim invaders against the eastern roman empire and the different successor states, as they did before. They really hated the romans!
@frozenglaicericet-pose6104 Жыл бұрын
So probably why the Jews were expelled later on🤷
@user-pn3im5sm7k Жыл бұрын
Oy vey
@danielcordeiro7048 Жыл бұрын
Rub hands intensifies
@stelionitis5859 Жыл бұрын
Jews sided with hitler, not suprised
@davidemmet7343 3 ай бұрын
What happened to the Christian majority in Turkey and all throughout the Byzantine empire?
@sanjayyuj 2 ай бұрын
Yes islam is a dangerous cult praise lord
@ibraheemabdeen5495 2 ай бұрын
@@11235but DK about Turkey but in Egypt not much happened. They just lived normally and gradually they converted to Islam over centuries.
@the4universes207 2 ай бұрын
​@@ibraheemabdeen5495forcefully they were converted by the dihmi taxes
@ibraheemabdeen5495 2 ай бұрын
@@the4universes207 The Muslims had to pay the 2.5% Zakat so the Dhimmi had to pay a Jizya also
@the4universes207 2 ай бұрын
@@ibraheemabdeen5495 what? That's not true. Jyzsa is only for the dihmis or kaffirs. Never the Muslims, Islam and Sharia law put that in forward. If you told me that's true then Islamic pain wasn't real Islam.
@johnkeck 2 ай бұрын
Very informative, thank you! As always the maps and other graphics are well done and a tremendous help. One thing that would help your videos tremendously is less reliance on passive voice. It produces sentences that sound pretentious and indecisive.
@mecha1gold Жыл бұрын
A lot of people don't usually think about this but the Spanish conquest of America (or Americas) has to do a lot with the methods that the Romans and Arabs used in the peninsula rather than comparing them to the British or French. That is why indigenous tribe leaders that sweared loyalty to the Castilian crown where made nobles and the indigenous government structure was kept with the addition of race mixing of the indigenous elites and later a race mixing in the community as a whole lo create a unique identity with the Catholic Church and the Castilian crowns as a glue. It also explains why the Castilian crown became so obsessed with Catholicism, they knew religion and language were dividing factors so made sure to get rid of anything that did not align with the Kigdom.
@ChrisHUTTON-zc4br Жыл бұрын
I'm no expert but I don't think this is a lot different to how the British controlled India for so long, via the British Raj & Princely states systems.
@DaggerSecurity Жыл бұрын
"Religion and language" as dividing factors? Not when the Muslims were in charge of Spain. Jews, Christians, and Muslims lived in peace there until the Christians took over. Those Christians then set out to dominate and plunder the Americas.
@bluefish4999 Жыл бұрын
As someone that has traveled down through, I'd say you're right you can definitely see it in the cities, and I'd say the Portuguese did the same.
@bluefish4999 Жыл бұрын
@@ChrisHUTTON-zc4br Difference is the Spanish was doing a lot of "procreating" with the locals and slaves compared the the brits and frogs.
@Atlasss97 Жыл бұрын
wow so interesting to see how cause and effect in history
@massageurope Жыл бұрын
One important fact that hasn’t been mentioned in your presentation is that the Northern region of Asturias was never conquered by the Muslim. In fact that’s the region where the “re-conquest” of Iberia begun to develop.
@95MAFS Жыл бұрын
Illustrative documentary. Thank you
@BHRoadStoriesBH 12 күн бұрын
It was great, thanks for your effort, blessed be you 👍🌷
@MatijaCG Жыл бұрын
Fun fact: Most of the Bosnian Jews, mainly in Sarajevo are descendants of the expelled Spanish Jews. Sadly a lot of them were killed during Holocaust in WW2.
@25mrmagic66 Жыл бұрын
"fun fact"😀
@Stanzer07 Жыл бұрын
@aaabatteries9948 Жыл бұрын
they just couldnt catch a break could they
@muslimresponse103 Жыл бұрын
@@aaabatteries9948 they just couldn’t catch a brake from the christian europeans!
@JurateRimkute Жыл бұрын
Not fun, tragic!
@claudem7991 Жыл бұрын
The Arabic influence in Spanish is primarily lexical. Is estimated that around 4,000 Spanish words have some kind of Arabic influence-8% of the Spanish dictionary. Approximately 1,000 of those have Arabic roots, while the other 3,000 are derived words.
@joseantoniocastro1486 Жыл бұрын
Yes, we have a lot of words from old arabic, but vacabulary doesn´t changes the latin sintax, is only lexical enrichment, and many times we have two different words for the same object one from the latin and another from arabic or goth, or even from american natives languages.
@xxxBradTxxx Жыл бұрын
Many Mexican Spanish words are Mayan or Aztec; coyote, peyote, avocado, xolo just to name a few.
@woiowoiow190 Жыл бұрын
Architecture, music, hygiene and war tactics as well. It's littered all over Spain to this day.
@daleblue22 Жыл бұрын
@@joseantoniocastro1486 heil to the great influence of the Pagan Persians.....
@AlexKomnenos Жыл бұрын
@@daleblue22 paganism is stupid. Primitive people who can’t explain lightening beat sticks together to worship some imagined god of lightening.
@annaolivarez2578 Жыл бұрын
Found so much world history when I started family genealogy about four years ago. I have data for three areas that you show: Spain, North Africa and the Ottoman Empire. Recently, I had a blessing of buying a National Geographic magazine of November 1986 from a bookstore: Our Search for the True Columbus Landfall. Your info of January and March 1492 gives me a little more information of what was going on with Isabella and Ferdinand, and why they finally gave into Columbus. Here “we” are with technology to send people to the Moon, and machines to Mars, and yet these persons, such as Columbus, are crossing “the ocean blue in 1492” with their technology. It’s amazing!!!
@carstenhansen5757 10 ай бұрын
The Vikings did it before Columbus in open boats.
@pedroelgrande4335 9 ай бұрын
@@carstenhansen5757 llegaron si llegaron ,mas perdidos que un burro en un garaje Segun parece Colon llego nadando desde Europa Muchas respuestas dan risa
@carstenhansen5757 9 ай бұрын
@@pedroelgrande4335 Hvis du vil kommunikere, så skriv på et civiliseret sprog.
@lauramartin-bk9nr 9 ай бұрын
@@carstenhansen5757 lol Spain built 350 hospitals in the 16 the century made grammars of the native languages before French and German grammars, built ciities that are Unesco world heritage sites, made the 1st world map including America like Juan de la Cosa`s map, discovered and described the nature of the Americas, from Alaska to Iguazu Falls, the plants and animals in dozens of treatises, described and NAMED the Pacific Ocean and many territories of actual USA, founded hundred of cities (from San Agustín de la Florida to San Francisco to Buenos Aires), described in Chronicles the conquest of Empires, etc. etc. etc. What did the Vikings leave?
@carstenhansen5757 9 ай бұрын
@@lauramartin-bk9nr Yeah, it's easy when you plunder south America, to finance it. The conquistadors, were no different from the vikings. The vikings, was not a nation and common identity. The point still stands. Why are you so butt hurt over it?
@culture-education Жыл бұрын
Great video 👍
@faridhabibi918 Жыл бұрын
You mentioned at first how the "Spaniards" at first were fighting each other which lead to the weakening of modern Spain, but you didn't mention how the Muslims got weaker from fighting each other? The Muslims did the same thing the Visigoths were doing to each other before the Muslim conquest to Spain and Portugal.
@theodoresmith5272 Жыл бұрын
The truth is until the late reconquesta, nobody wanted any kingdom, be it Spanish or moorish, to become to powerful and be able to conquer all the rest. They did a pretty good job of all 3 faiths living together. The great El Cid had very good ties to Zaragoza. At the same time the king of Leon was sent into exile so he went to toledo, under moorish rule. The great AL rahman 2s mother was a Navarro princess and he had blue eyes and light skin. His aunt asked him to send his Jewish doctor because his cousin, and soon to be king of Navarro, was fat.
@theodoresmith5272 Жыл бұрын
Probably even worse. Most of the time a leader died, The new leader had to fight off his brothers, uncles and sometimes others. Later on in the ottoman empire, the new leader killed all his brothers so that kind of kept them safe and his son didn't have to deal with his uncles.
@CesarLuisAfonsoDias Жыл бұрын
And the beggining of reconquista wasnt about religion. Many christians allied themselfs with muslins and many familes mary their sons into different religions. The true goal of reconquista was power, expel the "foreigners" and try to unite iberia under one kingdom. The 10 and 11 century were a complete mess, worst than game of thrones. Many wars between families, counties, kingdoms. But with the depopulation of Iberia because of constant war, many people from France and Germany or Morrocos come to the Peninsula to try established himselfs in life. Thats when things become a litle more religious and with the help of English/French/Germans the muslins were expelled to Granada.
@user-op8fg3ny3j Жыл бұрын
@@CesarLuisAfonsoDias exactly, conflicts are never as simple as 1 religion vs another
@faridhabibi918 Жыл бұрын
@@CesarLuisAfonsoDias What's crazy is that the Muslims failed to see themselves as one people. They used to side and seek European military aid against other Muslim kingdoms, all for money and power. They only thought about their own greed. The same thing happened to the Ottoman empire with time, with the exception that the Ottomans didn't fight themselves, but were not "fair" (or so as history mentions) in governing the areas they controlled in the Caliphate at the time and thus got a big revolt from the Arabs especially the Arabs of the Arabian peninsula, modernly knows as Saudi Arabia (with the help of the British offcourse). The Ottoman empire was strong at the time and they could of helped. However, I think they saw that its better to keep their current borders and economy safe and secure since they were not going to benefit from Iberia.
@unm0vedm0ver Жыл бұрын
Asturias and Cantabria weren't part of Al-Andalus, they were a Christian stronghold during the Muslim occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. The "Cantabrian Refuge" was so well-protected it was the last region in western Europe conquered by the Roman Empire.
@jojolafrite9265 Жыл бұрын
Faux La dernière région conquise par les ROMAINS c'etai la LUSITANIA qui a l'époque était entre le Portugal et L'Espagne actuel , ils ont eu tellement de mal a battre les lusitanien que les Romains ont été obligé de embauche des traîtres pour pouvoir assassinée leurs chef lusitanien qui s'appelait VIRIATO , et c'était les derniers a faire face aux ROMAINS. Relisez l'histoire et la VRAI.
@damionkeeling3103 Жыл бұрын
It's thought that the refugees, who were mostly aristocrats and their followers, and the need for common defence helped kill off the last remnants of the Celtic language in the region.
@larrsan Жыл бұрын
Neither Navarre…
@vijayiyer8518 10 ай бұрын
Was the reason why Asturias and cantabria weren't part of Andalus due to the fact that they are mountaneous regions which are difficult to invade ?
@unm0vedm0ver 10 ай бұрын
@@vijayiyer8518 exactly
@RemofRenaissance 8 ай бұрын
Thank you for this breakdown. Really interesting. Eager to know more 👍🏾
@Shanksz 5 ай бұрын
Así es como te vuelves musulmán Para convertirse al Islam hay que declarar la shahada (Di esto para convertirte en musulmán) (Testifico que no hay más dios que Alá y que Mahoma es el Mensajero de Alá) Decir esto te hará sentir feliz.
@leonaldobrum Жыл бұрын
Very well done, this was a very good historic summary.
@donquixote3927 10 ай бұрын
Nothing about slavery, harems, subjugation castration and general dhimmitude. You know, eight hundred years of the usual terrorist stuff.
@r.ladaria135 10 ай бұрын
NO it was not. I Know this stuff far better than you . He missed the Almohads and Almoravids that crushed the local muslims and sacked the islamic Cordoba.
@MarioLanzas. 9 ай бұрын
@@donquixote3927 In comparison to the Christians at that time, Muslims were the progressive ones. there was religious tolerance and they were very science-forward. All the relevant knowledge in the medieval times was spread around Europe thanks to the Al-andalus Califate. they were the ones who translated all the classic texts they Christians would just burn. if we still have ancient Greek texts, it's thanks to the Muslims back them
@donquixote3927 9 ай бұрын
@@MarioLanzas. You took the blue pill.
@Shanksz 5 ай бұрын
Así es como te vuelves musulmán Para convertirse al Islam hay que declarar la shahada (Di esto para convertirte en musulmán) (Testifico que no hay más dios que Alá y que Mahoma es el Mensajero de Alá) Decir esto te hará sentir feliz..
@javiersaugar376 Жыл бұрын
Note, the Umayyads, did NOT take the whole of the Iberian peninsula in 711, you seem to have completely overlooked that in the North, in Oviedo, the Christian Visigoths of the region put up a fight and defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Covadonga, preventing them from total control of the peninsula as they were rebuffed by the small newly formed Kingdom of Asturias led by the victor the battle, Pelagius .
@antoniorangel8277 Жыл бұрын
... and most of the Basque Region was never conquered by the Muslims!
@javiersaugar376 Жыл бұрын
@@antoniorangel8277 thank you! someone also gets it. Maybe it's just a nitpick but this channel has been very good with historical videos and this was a big oversight.
@asturiasceltic3183 Жыл бұрын
@@javiersaugar376 Big oversight. He lost all credibility with that.
@asturiasceltic3183 Жыл бұрын
Puxa Asturias and Long live our king Pelayo or Pelagius
@javiersaugar376 Жыл бұрын
@@asturiasceltic3183 Gloria a Don Pelayo, hermano Ibérico 🤟🏻
@alexbrd4087 Жыл бұрын
Good video, although it's clearly incomplete. One can not discuss what happened to the muslims of Al-Andalus without talking about the actual Morocco. Cities like Tetouan and Tangier in the north of Morocco have a huge andalusian influence, which was brought by the expelled muslims. Fez as well, and even Tlemçen in Algeria also kept several andalusian traditions and some of the notable families still have unchanged spanish family names like Torres, Perez, Toledano (which means "from Toledo")... It is said that some families still have the keys to their homes in the kingdom of Granada, as a symbol of their andalusian origins.
@manueldelafuente9806 Жыл бұрын
Es que la PRENSA francesa y Sajona ,no saben como.REBAJARNOS , leyenda negra, y ahora qué??? Venimos de todos los sitios, quién no está "" mezclado "" ??? Y qué conquistador se mezcló con los nativos??? Luego resulta que los matamos a todos!!! Lo que hay de España en el mundo, hablen , pero la verdad!!
@nc8689 Жыл бұрын
Actually, the influence was first the opposite way. Moroccan kings and their soldiers were the first to access Andalusia and were central to the birth of muslim rule of spain. Just look at the architecture etc... It's a copy of what is in Morocco.
@abdoubelhaj3812 Жыл бұрын
​@@nc8689 in the era of almoravids whose capital is fez they transported the architecture from fez marackech to al andalous due to the betrayal of arabs they let moroccans fight Spaniards by themselves which resulted in the colonolisation of two morrocan cities ceuta et mellila
@CEIVE4EVER Жыл бұрын
Most of the “spanish” muslims were settled in Túnez. They were a minority there until few decades ago. That didn’t happened in “Morocco”, a place in which there were “moriscos” but not so many.
@elhinm07 Жыл бұрын
​@@CEIVE4EVERMore than 1 million have emigrated to Morocco setteld in tanger, tetouan, fez, rabat, meknes even oudja and the city as chefchaouan was founded by andalusians!
@williamjamison5010 Ай бұрын
During the nineteen fifties across North Africa and the Middle East in general the population was twenty percent non Muslim. Today that is one percent, no-one asking where those people went.
@veronicaroach3667 15 күн бұрын
Well the word 'Islam" actually means 'Submission" not "peace" as they claim, so if you didn't want to Submit, it was best to just leave !!! That faith tends to 'breed' a bunch of humans who do not argue or rebel against the system ! Much easier to control people who are scared of being stoned or beheaded for some small error or disagreement !
@mehdiggs 12 күн бұрын
They went back to their countries, because you know, they were colonizers? By the way can you bring sources for your numbers?
@srg25008 2 күн бұрын
To Europe and Israel. The French took some of them with them when they left North Africa. For economic reasons many left for Israel. Jews and Christian’s had many religious freedoms in Northern Africa and there was never any hate towards them since North Africa itself used to be Christian. There was never and kind of ethnic cleansing in North Africa that was even close to that what the Germanic people that conquerod modern day Spain did.
@williamjamison5010 2 күн бұрын
@srg25008 I would say that seeing what happened in Europe when you dragged your feet and hoped-for the best .Quite a few took the option of going before they were pushed. Nevertheless, direct persecution did and does take place especially in Iran Iraq, Syria ,Yemen , with the Christian people of Lebanon find their homes and land being used by Hezbolla to fire rockets into northern Israel. Then we come back to the Koran being the one and only religious text that advocates death to non Muslims.
@EdgarKohl Жыл бұрын
Many people don't realize modern day Spanish has fractions of Gothic loanwords in it as a result of the Suevians & Visigoth presense for over 350 years after the fall of Rome.
@ekesandras1481 Жыл бұрын
queso ... is basically the same word as "Käse" in German. The ancient Romans were not big fans of diary products and cheese making, that is something the Gothic tribes brought.
@nobodyspecial115 9 ай бұрын
A lot of Spanish names have Gothic/Germanic roots in them too, basically Spanish are Germanic and Muslim interbred together.
@EdgarKohl 9 ай бұрын
@@nobodyspecial115 Thank You / Gracias / Danke ⚽
@nicomedes9555 2 ай бұрын
@@nobodyspecial115 Rather not, Spaniards have of course a lot of cultural heritage of Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and North Africans (among many others in less extent), but in comparison the genetic influence was small. Yes, it is surprising very considering historic facts, but genetics studies tell another story. Actual Spaniards largely derives from the pre-Roman inhabitants, For significant genetic changes In the Iberian peninsula, you have to go back much more that two thousands years.
@bconni2 Ай бұрын
not just Spain. remember, Spain & Portugal share a common history leading up to the Reconquista. any of the people on the Iberian peninsula you're refencing in regards to Spanish history prior to the Reconquista, can also be applied to the Portuguese.
@Sabotador Жыл бұрын
I am Brazilian, but on my father's side, the family came from southern Spain, from Granada. They were moors many centuries prior. Supposedly, according to family legend, they were corsairs who served the Spanish crown during the age of sail.
@antoniorangel8277 Жыл бұрын
Spain did not use corsairs; Spain had the Almogavares who fought in Alger, Balear Islands, south of Italy and Byzantium against Moors and Turks.
@chinchanchou Жыл бұрын
Im from andalucia the msulim explused but no have berberechos or arab blood here all are iberian race if you see your tree family
@majuscule8883 Жыл бұрын
@@antoniorangel8277 How do you know and why wouldn't they? Spain hired mercenaries from foreign countries many times.
@majuscule8883 Жыл бұрын
Cuba and Mexico is where you would find the most Ibero Muslim descendants, but north of Brazil is where you would find Ibero Jews descent.
@efrencruz4422 Жыл бұрын
@@majuscule8883 yea but they are not muslims they converted to Christianity
@Sureshkumar58123 4 ай бұрын
800 years Arab Muslims ruled Spain & Portugal (Andalus). But there was not even a single native Muslim left in Europe (except the migration of modern times)after Ferdinand & Isabella captured it again. But you can see tens of thousands of native Christians in Lebanon,Syria,Morocco, Tunisia,Palestine,Jordan and in Egypt. Which shows who were tolerent and who were intolerent in the past ?
@unknown-unknown69 4 ай бұрын
That's one way to look at it You are wrong
@Sureshkumar58123 4 ай бұрын
@@unknown-unknown69 I am talking based on history. Counter me if you can ?
@adamnesico 3 ай бұрын
The two first phrases are complete lies. Learn real history, not daesh propaganda.
@arturmonteiro8541 Ай бұрын
funny you say that. you think they've been treated well? The Coptic Orthodox Christians in Egypt had their tongues cut off for speaking Coptic in the 13th century by Islamic rulers in Egypt. The Ottoman Empire in 1915 systematically expelled and murdered Christian populations, especially Pontic Greeks, Maronite Catholics, Assyrians and Armenians. The Muslims were expelled from Spain for a reason. Remember, Muslims were only expelled fully in 1609. They had until 1492-1609. Moriscos as we call them were plotting WITH the Ottomans who were raiding the Spanish coast and in their 2 revolts, they stormed monasteries and raped nuns and murdered monks. You're not innocent.
@ivannunez6430 21 күн бұрын
@@Sureshkumar58123Comes to show who stayed within their religion and who didn’t. Just recent Sudan was split and had a civil war because the Muslim Sudanese were killing every Christian on sight. And if you want to talk about history, let’s talk about what Christian nations were attacked by Islam before the 1st Crusade. Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt, Algeria, Lybia, Morracoo, Portugal, Spain, France, Sicily, Italy, Armenia. All of those counties were attacked, 800 years of Islam aggression before the Christians lifted their finger, fought back in the first crusade.
@kobiberko6681 Жыл бұрын
I also suggest an episode on what happened to the Christian majority of the Byzantine Empire
@roubenamirbekian Жыл бұрын
That will never happen, because there will be an unhappy country whose government is known to find ways to put pressure on "independent media".
@RENATVS_IV Жыл бұрын
Thank you for those who translated the video to Spanish. Very useful!
@zin_alaabidin Жыл бұрын
أستعمل لطرد المسلمين أشكال كثيرة من التعذيب ، 😔
@NazriB Жыл бұрын
Lies again? Marine Soldier Debit Card
@r.ladaria135 10 ай бұрын
Le recomiendo que se busque otra fuente, esta es muy pobre.
@r.ladaria135 10 ай бұрын
@@zin_alaabidin في الواقع ، كان الأكثر قسوة الموحدين والمرابطين الذين أتوا مما هو الآن المغرب. لقد نهبوا قرطبة بلا رحمة لدرجة أن المدينة لم تسترد سكانها السابقين بعد.
@zin_alaabidin 10 ай бұрын
@@r.ladaria135 يا صديقي في زمان الموحدين و المرابطين كانت قرطبة مدينة مسلمة ، لم تكن مسيحية
@cakeyummy9391 Жыл бұрын
Gone Reduced to atoms
@rodrigovaccari7547 Жыл бұрын
The peninsula healed, and things turned to how they should be.
@geeljire9247 Жыл бұрын
We'll be back. We'll strike at one of your siestas.
@roukstag Жыл бұрын
@@rodrigovaccari7547 The Muslim were the best thing to happan to the peninsula, what do mean?
@JudgeJudith Жыл бұрын
@@roukstag The best thing to happen was their removal
@rodrigovaccari7547 Жыл бұрын
@@roukstag yes best thing for all the raped women, because they was KANGZ and shieeet and built a palace in granada.
@johnking6252 5 ай бұрын
That's some cool history, kinda leads us back to the future, so to speak. 👍 thx.
@mdpp000 Жыл бұрын
Thankyou you help me alot with my exams 😃🙌❣💯
@jf1780 Жыл бұрын
Overall a really well made and informative summary of the topic. Though very disappointed at the lack of mention of King Pelayo, the Kingdom of Asturias and the Battle of Covadonga which is considered by many to be the start of the Reconquista and the sole reason why, for better or for worse, Hispanic culture/civilisation even exists in the first place today!
@paulmasuu8019 Жыл бұрын
)) ₩
@emilholingher3530 Жыл бұрын
@@islam_thegreat who? Ah,the arabs and islamised berbers...
@nunocbnunocb5875 Жыл бұрын
@@islam_thegreat yes, you are absolutely right, the colonialist moors who came from North Africa.
@emilholingher3530 Жыл бұрын
Slava Hispania! Hispania îs the front of the civilisation towards a lesser and predator civilisation.Slava.
@raphaelmelin5075 Жыл бұрын
@@islam_thegreat colonialist ??? How did you arabs endend in Nort africa ???? And Spain !?!?😂😂😂🇪🇸👉👌arabs. WE SENT YOU ARABS BACK HOME😂😂😂🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸
@jean-pierrecastillejo5477 Жыл бұрын
Although the information in general was accurate, the maps were incorrect for 1035. Also, Spain as a political entity, did not come about until the late 15th century with the union of the Crowns of Aragon and Castile and the conquest of the Emirate of Granada. For centuries, there were five kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula: Portugal, Castile, Navarre, the Crown of Aragon (a confederation of the Kingdom of Aragon, the Catalan counties, Valencia and the Balearic Islands) and the Emirate of Granada.
@Truthseiker87 Жыл бұрын
Shhh people don't care about all that. It's a Christian victory let the crusaders celebrate!
@Gloriaimperial1 Жыл бұрын
It's true. Although the idea of ​​Hispania-Spain is created by the Romans. And the Visigoths reigned in Hispana-Spain in the 6th century. There was already an idea of ​​Spain at that time. Throughout the Middle Ages, the Spaniards from Aragon, Castilla, Galicia or Navarra called themselves Spaniards. El Cid speaks of the Spains, in the plural. There has always been that idea of ​​a single homeland, but with several kingdoms. It's like Germany, which throughout the Middle Ages had 300 or 400 independent kingdoms, united by a highly divided empire, which was definitively united in 1870. Or Italy, which was united in the 1860s. Although Goethe, Beethoven, Raphael or Leonardo da Vinci know that they are German or Italian from different kingdoms.
@sebe2255 Жыл бұрын
@@Truthseiker87 I mean the internal divisions don’t matter as much as the over-all effect of Hispania remaining Christian.
@jean-pierrecastillejo5477 Жыл бұрын
@@Gloriaimperial1 That Hispania and not España was destroyed in 711. What emerged was al-Andalus and the Asturo-Leonese kingdom of the north. The northern Catalan territories and the Portuguese did NOT identify themselves as Spaniards. Roman Hispania included the province of Lusitania, which would be more or less the territory of Portugal. The Portuguese, who declared their independence from the Leon in the first half of the 12th century, did not consider themselves as Spanish or as Spaniards.After becoming independent from the Frankish kingdom, they were known as the Catalan counties that would join with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the loosely Crown of Aragon, which was a loose confederation that was later conquered the Balearic islands and Valencia. The Asturo-Leonese kingdom would subdivide into León and Castilla. The Leonese Crown did have the claim to Hispania and Alfonso VII crowned himself as emperor of Hispania. Your claim that the Navarrese and Catalans viewed themselves as "Spanish" is not based on any documentation. You provide an oversimplified interpretation of a complex identification of the different elites of the five kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula of the middle ages. I would recommend that you read Miguel Ladero Quesada, Julio Valdeón Baruque, Vicente Álvarez Palenzuela and Luis Suárez Fernández among Spanish medieval historians, and then José Mattoso, Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão, A.H. de Oliveira Marques and Bernardo Vasconcelos e Sousa amongst the Portuguese medieval historians
@jean-pierrecastillejo5477 Жыл бұрын
@@Gloriaimperial1 Your notion of Germany that finally unified under Prussian hegemony in 1871, is no comparison to the Holy Roman Empire or the Confederation of the Rhine or the German Confederation. Although the notion and concept of Germany existed for centuries, many people identified themselves with the crowned leaders of the separate kingdoms, duchies and principalities that existed. This "German particularism" is what kept the German states from uniting. It was only in the 19th century that nationalism brought the different German states together. This notion that in the Middles Ages, people had the same concept and interpretation of nationhood did not exist.
@Historiaymas. 7 ай бұрын
nice video
@veronicaroach3667 15 күн бұрын
It may well be that this is a case of borders changing over time, but I visited a city near the southern coast of Portugal many years ago (might have been Sintra?) & we went to a castle there - and it had been built by Muslims who were in control at the time - it had a very impressive water cistern, very interesting. So it must have been that the Muslim invasion did also happen to Portugal or that area was within Spanish territory at the time.
@perseusarkouda Жыл бұрын
In the video it shows Spanish jews go to Athens but as a Greek I can tell you the majority of them went to Thessaloniki and transformed the city into a cosmopolitan city with flourishing economy. Their population suffered a huge blow from the holocaust and nowdays only few remain there. However you can still see their marks on the city from it's former glory.
@anselmo4952 Жыл бұрын
Many of them were saved by the consul of Spain in Tesalonica who gives them the spanish nationality.
@Shanksz 5 ай бұрын
Así es como te vuelves musulmán Para convertirse al Islam hay que declarar la shahada (Di esto para convertirte en musulmán) (Testifico que no hay más dios que Alá y que Mahoma es el Mensajero de Alá) Decir esto te hará sentir feliz..
@thraciensis3589 Ай бұрын
During Ottoman Empire in Thessaloniki, Jews thrived and became wealthy!!!
@BaldBrothers2009 Жыл бұрын
Very well described.😇 Great work and very professional.🙏
@Shanksz 5 ай бұрын
Así es como te vuelves musulmán Para convertirse al Islam hay que declarar la shahada (Di esto para convertirte en musulmán) (Testifico que no hay más dios que Alá y que Mahoma es el Mensajero de Alá) Decir esto te hará sentir feliz..
@Odah_ Жыл бұрын
I was really wondering how things happened because of the game Crusader Kings. Now i know, thanks a lot!
@margaritagomez5077 Жыл бұрын
They were never a majority. While they could stay in many countries, such as North Africa, the Spaniards always knew they would eventually manage to oust them for good. And while it took a long time to end the task, all the time there was a new part reconquered. And the impulse was so strong that as soon as it was completed on they went to America.
@3452te Жыл бұрын
Good video. But I saw one minor error of this. The Kingdom of Asturias (718-1833) was never conquered nor they were park of moorish Iberia.
@ThePunisher014 Жыл бұрын
We have to get the timeline straight to begin … when the Umayyads conquered the Iberian Peninusula, there WAS NO kingdom of Asturia. Like other regions of Iberia, the area was ruled by the Visigoths. And, the Umayyads DID conquer the whole territory. Completely. Only after some years did the rebels regroup in the mountains. THe Umayyads were already in modern France fighting their way upwards. Get your facts straight Mr. Garcia.
@AlfonsoR. Жыл бұрын
@@ThePunisher014 False
@ThePunisher014 Жыл бұрын
@@AlfonsoR. Great evidence you've brought. Even Spanish historians say the same. Look up Daniel Gil-Benumeya
@nunocbnunocb5875 Жыл бұрын
...sem sequer falarmos do facto de a ocupação moura para norte do Mondego ter sido sempre muito fraca, era uma zona de fronteira, uma espécie de terra de ninguém.
@Trancymind 20 күн бұрын
The last visigothic kingdom lasted till 720 from King Aldo. Battle of Covadonga happened in 720-722. You could say the local christians refuse to give up their lands in Iberia.
@Halman9000 Жыл бұрын
6:07 I am a Spaniard and my family descends from Jewish emigrants (who probably went into exile to Spain after the destruction of Jerusalem by Emperor Hadrian) converted to Christianity by order of the Catholic kings. It is very interesting to see part of our history represented in this video! 👍
@moholah3745 Жыл бұрын
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews. Sahih Muslim 2922
@ColoringAHouse Жыл бұрын
@@moholah3745 That is quite racist
@Fyzzy4life Жыл бұрын
@@moholah3745 I wonder how many muslims know of this hatred in your holly book
@soedirmanfighter5319 Жыл бұрын
@@ColoringAHouse This is during the final war between most Jews that would stood under Dajjal and Christian and Muslims that stood behind Al Masih ( messiah )
@soedirmanfighter5319 Жыл бұрын
@@Fyzzy4life This is during the final war between most Jews that would stood under Dajjal and Christian and Muslims that stood behind Al Masih ( messiah )
@Max_Skogr 8 ай бұрын
This the best event that happened in the history of Spain and Portugal.
@Abdullah_the_Palestinian 7 ай бұрын
You petty right wingers are pathetic and cringey. Imagine having just one life and you spend it hating on people you abrley understand. Get a life
@user-xd3mm5ng8y 7 ай бұрын
@@Abdullah_the_Palestinian Sounds like you 🤣
@bvillafuerte765 Жыл бұрын
Good video, thanks for bringing a very short summary about the Reconquista so that the Anglo-Jutosaxons understand it and promote part of the history of the Iberian Peninsula.
@asturiasceltic3183 Жыл бұрын
It was full of misinformation including saying that Iberia was a Muslim majority
@ibn_ismail 11 ай бұрын
​@@asturiasceltic3183 He is correct. The Iberian Peninsula is believed by historians to have been muslim majority by the 10th or 11th century, before the Catholic invaders put a dent in that.
@asturiasceltic3183 11 ай бұрын
@@ibn_ismail Nope, especially the Kingdom of Asturias.
@ibn_ismail 11 ай бұрын
@@asturiasceltic3183 Your evidence to the contrary is... a tiny kingdom which controlled an incredibly small portion of the peninsula. Seems you're coping.
@asturiasceltic3183 11 ай бұрын
@@ibn_ismail How can I be coping if we kicked the Muslims asses out?
@nicholasmaude6906 Жыл бұрын
I'm surprised that no mention was made of the Almoravids and Almohads.
@marwanshaibi4304 Жыл бұрын
This happened much after the two dynasties
@yacky489 7 ай бұрын
Otro catalan queriendo tener protagonismo en todos lados 😂
@Infanzones Жыл бұрын
Segundo error. La ciudad de Bilbao, fue fundada en el año 1300, no existía en el Reino Visigodo de Hispania.
@eugeneflynn7435 2 ай бұрын
Fascinating history clearly explained by an excellent narrator. Thank you!
@Boredoutofmywits 2 ай бұрын
Lacks so many basic things a Spanish third grader used to know is staggering...
@LichsuhoathinhDrabattle Жыл бұрын
The video is very good, the historical knowledge about the war is good and easy to absorb. I hope the channel grows more and more🤗🤗🤗🤗
@jasonsim8246 Жыл бұрын
Really informative, thank you
@FlxKomp 11 ай бұрын
we need this today
@ducklingchief8289 2 ай бұрын
the expulsion of Jews and Muslims?
@rodheq Жыл бұрын
Let's say that in fact Spain has been the only Nation in the world able to fight back the Islam expansion: from the Iberian peninsula, to Philippines, and the battle of Lepanto and sieges of Budapest, Wien, Castilnuovo, etc... in the middle. Long life Spain!!
@nurphurecarnium Жыл бұрын
Good thing. As an atheist i'd rather have Christianity than Islam.
@IrishCinnsealach Жыл бұрын
They Arab caliphates were defeated by the Franks They raided Italy twice and were repelled within days both times Let's say that in fact Iberia is the only region of Europe that the Islamic expansion succeeded
@featherinescat 10 ай бұрын
In a series of battles the Pratiharas(sometimes with the help of Chalukyas) defeated the Umayyads and later Abasids, the last of these was fought by Mihira Bhoja. After the Abasids signed truce, Mihira Bhoja shifted his capital to Kannauj and the Pratiharas conquered a region almost the size of Pushyabhuti Empire. It was later the Turks who actually invaded India. Read about the Mughal Maratha wars. The Marathas almost never lost to Mughals and if not for losing the Second and third Anglo-Maratha wars they were going to conquer most of the former Mughal territorries. North India would have been a Muslim majority if they didn't defeat the Mughals. The terma "Swarajya" and "Hindavi Swarajya"(self-rule for Indian people) was first used by Marathas. Now, there are many kingdoms throughout the world that fought of Arabic/Turkic expansion. For example Kalinga(modern Odisha) not only fought off the Turks, some like Langula Narasingha Deva and Kapilendra Deva even took offensive against Turkic kingdoms. Only during the reign of Akbar did the Mughals took the North(then ruled by Mukunda Deva and later Bhois) and Golconda took the South(under Maharaja of Jeypore who had the titles Kalingadhipati and Gajapati). Even then Jeypore made itself independent and slowly losing most of his Northern territorries to Nawab of Bengal(later taken by Marathas) and Southern terriorries to Vizianagaram estate, Jeypore finally conquered in 1780 by British. Also, the Ahoms(modern Assam) and Nepal successfully repelled a Mughal invasion. I am sure you can find many instances of people successfully repelling Arabic or Turkic expansion in the world.
@d.d.0429 3 ай бұрын
Portugal alsow
@sagm5674 3 ай бұрын
If only as many countries had managed to fight back against the Christian expansion…
@notoriousnono1328 Жыл бұрын
They got reversed jihad.
@erdnasiul87 Жыл бұрын
Sad and stupid comment
@QuandaleDingle-ji2tj Жыл бұрын
@reichstag it does very much so
@user-pd6ci6fk1i Жыл бұрын
Then the spanish did the exact same thing to the americas, the irony.
@QuandaleDingle-ji2tj Жыл бұрын
@@user-pd6ci6fk1i no the german people in america did it to africa and thats why area 52 exists kanye did 7/11 which is why the shops exist
@georgebronte840 Жыл бұрын
@@user-pd6ci6fk1i Except that the Spanish brought a sought after civilisation that replaced the savagery, fighting and starvation.
@romanus4879 Жыл бұрын
They were mostly local Roman-Iberians and Goths, they adopted Islam and Christianity several times throw all those centuries, just like they left paganism, they left Christianity, and Islam after that to become Christians again.
@joseantoniocastro1486 Жыл бұрын
Correct. The most accurate and simple explanation is always the one people ignore
@velazquezn Жыл бұрын
True, ruling class and the common people, don't have to share same religion values (or grade of fanaticism) and ethnicity. I think for a lot of people back then changing religion was more a pragmatical decision than a faith one, changing or not religion can make you avoid/add dangers or make better/worst in live.
@Chess_Enthusiast Жыл бұрын
But when it comes to egypt and others who are so called "ARAB Countries" you say that arabs have replaced the indigenous population? Why the double standards?
@velazquezn Жыл бұрын
​@@Chess_Enthusiast Maybe you mistake Arab the language, Arab the culture and Arab the ethnicity. I have Moroccan friends and they really get offended if you call them arabs specially one that is amazig. In the case of Egypt, polititians as Nasser did a great effort to mix the Arab label with Egypt. I dont think is double standard, is more a question of being precise.
@romanus4879 Жыл бұрын
@@Chess_Enthusiast They did in those places because they were closer and stayed for longer. Anyway, most of the North Africans are still Berbers for example... It really depends where.
@CubSATPH 8 ай бұрын
Can you create a video presentations of how the Spain conqured the Philippines
@Janeka-xj2bv 9 ай бұрын
FYI, the foundation date of Portugal is 1143. That of Spain, 1492. Portugal is roughly 350 years old than Spain. That's a lot, IMHO.
@alazraq6475 2 ай бұрын
Spain is much earlier than that. From the Roman province of Hispania and later visigoth Kingdom of Hispania. Portugal was a spanish County, like Castilla at the beginning. And England has done its best to keep Portugal apart from the rest of Hispania.
@Historiaymas. Ай бұрын
@yrenetino6229 Ай бұрын
@@alazraq6475 and portugal by lusitania
@alazraq6475 Ай бұрын
@@yrenetino6229 Lusitania was a piece of Hispania, like Baetica or Tarraconense. In fact Lusitania included what today is South Portugal, part of Extremadura, etc. The visigoth kings called themselves Hispaniarum Rex for all the peninsula, south France and northern part of current Morocco.
@bconni2 23 күн бұрын
@@alazraq6475 Portugal is the only kingdom on the Iberian peninsula to have never been conquered by Castille. and the reason is simple, Portugal had a very powerful kingdom that viscously fought for their independence. and at the time Columbus first set sail, the Portuguese actually had the most advanced naval force on the planet. during the 15th century, whenever the Castilians made the mistake of challenging the Portuguese in the oceans, it ended quite badly for them
@SpanishDio Жыл бұрын
Did you know that if you prove that you actually descend from those sephardic jews (Iberian Jews) that were expelled from the peninsula, the actual government of Spain will grant you citizenship for living here in Spain?? no test,no paperwork, no waiting, no nothing, just direct citizenship! Great video as alway! much love from Mallorca!
@thespiritualwanderer2180 Жыл бұрын
İs this also valid for moorish descendants?
@slayer.trades Жыл бұрын
@SciK. Жыл бұрын
@@thespiritualwanderer2180 no
@PeninsularArab127 Жыл бұрын
Yeah, but this doesn’t work for the descendants of the Moors. So much for fixing their historical mistakes. Absolute hypocrisy and hate to Muslims and Arabs.
@mogh2603 Жыл бұрын
Why isn't the same privilege extended to descendants of expelled Muslim Moor?
@brennyC Жыл бұрын
Excellent work, thanks
@Onceuponatimejotaele 18 күн бұрын
Fairly brief but accurate video. The Spanish language is incredibly similar to Italian, Portuguese and even French, and has very little to do with Arabic (in fact, it has inherited some dozens of words from Arabic but from a linguistic point of view is a totally different language). This can give us an idea to which extent both cultures were mixed, even though it cannot be denied the relevant impact of the Arabs within Architecture, Cuisine, Agriculture, Chemistry, and some other aspects in the Iberian Peninsula. The main roots of modern Spain come mainly from Rome though.
@hurtadojorge3908 Жыл бұрын
Do a video about the Irish soldiers who mutated to Mexican side, and what happened after the war
@Mulambdaline1 Жыл бұрын
Great video and very informative.
@juguez1 Жыл бұрын
You seem viciously to ignore Portugal. The iberian peninsula accounts for three countries: Spain, Andorra AND Portugal.
@robbpowell194 Жыл бұрын
They did a video on Portugal
@ketama047 Жыл бұрын
ask the Catalans or the Basques what they think about that statement. Also, Andorra is a co-principality whose heads of state are not princes. One is in fact a bishop in nearby Catalunya (native Andorrans traditionally speak Catalan as their mother tongue). The other non-prince head of state of this co-principality is the Président de la République française. Also, ask a Spanish right-wing extremist what s/he thinks about Portugal. It might be left out of this video for a reason...
@swashbukk Жыл бұрын
as if Andorra is a real country..
@larrsan Жыл бұрын
Los catalanes no pintan nada ne la historia…nunca fueron un reino, los vascos si, con Navarra, la verdadera tierra vasca, aunque no haya salido en ese mapa, no fue consultada y España nos me formó Amhara’s su unión cok Navarra en 1512 pero bueno…lleno de errores.
@VinyZikss 10 ай бұрын
@Faux Sho of course it did, it was right there at the map in the entire video
@Ed.G Ай бұрын
You jumped huge chunck of 800 years with other different events Can you please make a history video of what dynasties ruled spain or al andaluz
@efanjul5768 Жыл бұрын
Why do they always refer to the king and queen of Spain with the Italian translation of their names? It's something I have never been able to figure out. Their real names are Fernando and Isabel (Spanish), not Ferdinando and Isabella (Italian).
@christiancolossus5165 Жыл бұрын
Thanks for the interesting insight.
@bullshitstomper9417 Жыл бұрын
@jaimendaniel5578 Жыл бұрын
There were some theological basis for the internecine strife among the Visigoths, as well as for the alliance between the Muslims and a faction of the Visigoths. These basis were the opposition between, on the one had, the non-trinitarian arian Christianity and the unity or tawhid of Muslims, and, on the other hand, the Catholic trinity of the Visigoths recently converted to Catholicism.
@samiabdullahal-jaber5939 Жыл бұрын
Actually was merely a matter of political Power as stated here. No real issue on differences of spirituality or teoretichal sides. Again the islamic armies brought Power and Money and that unfortunately let to a Quick change over. Mostly of the "elite" ex.visigoth remain in reality Cristian as a way they declared themaelves, even of they were loyal to the occupant ruler. And widegenerally, the spanish populatoon remained christian. Only the poorer as cant provide the "tax" to stay christian became muslim ti.avoid their death and of their.family. but the vast majority of iberians remaina Christian
@jaimendaniel5578 Жыл бұрын
@@samiabdullahal-jaber5939 Never in ancient times power was detached from religious matters. Many of the leading Muslim families -like the Banu Qasi- were Visigoths originally. The Muslims brought over a cultural revolution, more than anything. It's important to observe that, nevertheless, the most developed and rich regions in the Islamic world were not Arab themselves, such as Persia or Andalusia.
@soiah Жыл бұрын
It is actually more nuanced than that because the main body was comprised of Geta(non germanic population, of palasgic origin that spoke a language that was similar to latin but older) not Goths. As proof, the name of the hero king is Pelagius.
@IsekaiNPC 3 күн бұрын
Majority Muslim in Iberia (Spain and Portugal) are local people from Vandals. They're converted to Islam because the Church and the nobles are always oppressed them. You can watch their history in "When Moors rules the Europe" by Bettany Hughes. The Vandals after Muslim are called Vandalusian or Andalusian, so their land become Al-Vandals or Al-Andalus.
@enriqueburgos9754 16 сағат бұрын
The Vandals were expelled by the Visigoths to North Africa in the 5th century.
@Boris_Chang Жыл бұрын
I was going to say something, but after reading some of the other comments, I realize that there are some very knowledgeable people commenting, and that I am over my head here. Since my dad taught me that it is better to keep one’s mouth shut and have people wonder about one’s state of ignorance on a given subject, than to open one’s mouth and leave no doubt about one’s ignorance. So, everyone have a nice day.
@carlospuerto4873 Жыл бұрын
Good policy, brother. Now, I suggest you start reading history. Once you start, you never go back.
@Theodorivs Жыл бұрын
@johnkooy5327 Жыл бұрын
yeah man!..same here!...in over my head on this one! Silence is golden in a situation like that🤐
@SaidSaid-bl4ri Жыл бұрын
This is True history The muslim go to spain with 5300 warior and his not fiighting the People of vandales (spain) because that belive the jésus the not good ( Follow Saint Arius) same muslims muslims fighting the armes catholique Even Tariq Ibn Ziyad, originally from the Vandals who settled in North Africa before the introduction of Islam, there is a tribe in Morocco today that says that their ancestors were Christians from the Vandals, meaning when they became Muslims, they returned and liberated the Andalusian people from the invading Goths of their homeland Even Tariq Ibn Ziyad, originally from the Vandals who settled in North Africa before the introduction of Islam, there is a tribe in Morocco today that says that their ancestors were Christians from the Vandals, meaning when they became Muslims, they returned and liberated the Andalusian people from the invading Goths of their homeland
@liao2012 Жыл бұрын
Love your videos man!!!
@baidon3613 Жыл бұрын
How do you love a video that failed to mention the most important asnwer? Like how do you do an episode about how did spain became christian majority again without mentioning Spanish inquisition?
@myradioon 10 ай бұрын
Plenty of Spanish and especially Portuguese Jews and Muslims in the North went to the nearest ports in France. It is suspected some coverted to the Protestant Huguenot religion in Catholic France. Then then went to the Netherlands, Southern England and Wales, Ireland and even Scotland where they had ben trading from ports in the Mediterranean for centuries.. Many ended up on the outpost Islands of the Azores and Madeira on ships and started the first whaling fleets. Then tried to go to Brazil.
@TheRock1.0 9 ай бұрын
Watching this after what happened in France this week.
@yacky489 7 ай бұрын
En Francia tienen que hacer algo parecido 😂
@cesruhf2605 15 күн бұрын
@@yacky489 Oui, un nouveau conquistador a l'Espagnol! On peut le faire! 🇫🇷🇪🇸
@tommunyon2874 Жыл бұрын
Some also made their way to the colonies in the Americas. While remaining Christian their surnames reflected their actual ancestry, such as Salazar (Sal--son of--Azar).
@angelalfaro292 Жыл бұрын
Fast forward a few centuries: I’m from Guatemala, my last name Alfaro is from a city from the same name in the county of La roja Spain, originally from the Arabic Al-farras which meant torch bearer… then adapted to Spanish Faro which means “lighthouse” or “beacon”… the AL remained to the point that “AL” means “to” and “faro” means “lighthouse” so together “Alfaro” means “to the lighthouse” (in a literal translation)….. similarly last names in Spanish also have either an occupation or trait that resonates with them (Herrera =“ herrero”= blacksmith) and so on….. historically Alfaro was of noble lineage but I’m pretty sure we’re bottom of the barrel to claim the Spanish throne (although we can battle royal it to settle it)
@nonozebra4196 Жыл бұрын
Great research of your name👏
@brkanell Жыл бұрын
al in arabic means "the", so its actually "the lighthouse" :)
@smallhelmonabigship3524 Жыл бұрын
That is very interesting. It helps connect the present with the past. It is also fun to learn something about language roots. Spanish is not just strictly a Latin language.
@ramirochavera2437 Жыл бұрын
yes... its a stretch since that area is down south
@albertowachsman7878 Жыл бұрын
There is a small town in Portugal called Alfarras.
@StephanieDeAyalaLarragoiti 3 ай бұрын
My ancestors and some of my people would use Aragon made/sourced soap from Castille, sometimes deemed Castille soap. Liquid it was to us as per military traditional reasons. It was/is tradition to only use it occasionally because our blood kin didn't make the soap themselves. The recipe became compromises. I still won't make it. It wasn't the recipe of my blood kin. I have my iwn version soap and try not to ever need to use soaps to survive.
@pal-a 2 ай бұрын
What happened to Jews in Jordan, Syria, Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Iran, Afghanistan, Poland, Germany, Spain etc.,?
@khal7702 Жыл бұрын
now we need El Cid video, tho I don't think u do individual historical figures.
@texasborn2720 Жыл бұрын
As a Mexican-American events in Spain that long ago affected me personally of who I am and my heritage today. That is just mind boggling AMAZING !
@petersmith5915 Жыл бұрын
If they hadn't kicked the muslims out they wouldn't of been able to create their empire n sail to South America, everything couldve been different n the Mexican population would be totally different than it is today, it's why history matters imo.
@texasborn2720 Жыл бұрын
@@petersmith5915 I totally agree. In fact everyone's personal history is the result of what your and my ancestors did hundreds and even thousands of years ago. Stunning to know that.
@nawaf761 Жыл бұрын
@@thisapplejudges6553 your heroes were cowards
@nawaf761 Жыл бұрын
@@thisapplejudges6553 spain was trash before islam
@nawaf761 Жыл бұрын
@@thisapplejudges6553 al andalus 💪
@loboxx337 10 ай бұрын
Good for Spain.
@tonisberbel8351 Жыл бұрын
La genética dice que el porcentaje de genes magrevies o árabes en la Península es mínimo. Las creencias cambian a conveniencia, pero el pueblo fue y sigue siendo ibero.
@amberknight6585 Жыл бұрын
Actually "Spain" was not born after the conquest of Granada, as Castile and Aragon preserved their laws and institutions, sharing only their common king, for more than 2 centuries.
@AXEL201211 Жыл бұрын
Spain was born in roma
@AXEL201211 Жыл бұрын
@Godfrey of Bouillon yeah i know its not the same Spain now days but I presonaly think spain started on roma
@rodrigovillegas5630 Жыл бұрын
"Achthually" 🤓. Dude, Spain was forged in the Reconquista.
@Guilgd Жыл бұрын
many modern countries have administrative regions with their own lawns and institutions for example Spain, USA, UK ...
@thomasjhenniganw Жыл бұрын
Then why did they Spaniards consider that Spain had been lost due to the Muslim invaders, "la España perdida".
@Roberto-tu5re Жыл бұрын
I live in Andalusia and never knew where the name came from, if you travel in the Las Alpujarras there are still churches with the Star of David and the Muslim crescent side by side.
@fayero5 Жыл бұрын
@samuelsz1422 Жыл бұрын
El nombre proviene de los Vándalos, una tribu germana que fundó un reino en el norte de África, llegando desde el sur de Hispania. Por eso esa zona era conocida como la tierra de los (v)ándalos.
@ZiedHF Жыл бұрын
Most people who live in Andalusia don't know anything about Al-Andalus history. They erased that part of your history. Despite it represents more than seven centuries. So unfortunate.
@ThePunisher014 Жыл бұрын
I find that extremely sad. It's like saying "I live in Italy, what does the Roman empire mean?"
@Eli-tj3ve Жыл бұрын
@@ThePunisher014 it was much less, a foreign state on our land is not something to hold pride in
@rawkzilla2319 10 ай бұрын
Thank you for this interesting historical breakdown. 🇪🇸🤜💥🤛🇵🇹 It seems that a large portion of your comments section should create a history channel themselves. Bark & no bite is my theory on that.
@Shanksz 5 ай бұрын
Así es como te vuelves musulmán Para convertirse al Islam hay que declarar la shahada (Di esto para convertirte en musulmán) (Testifico que no hay más dios que Alá y que Mahoma es el Mensajero de Alá) Decir esto te hará sentir feliz..
@user-rb3bb7mi3u 4 ай бұрын
All very simplistic.
@TheNationsReport Жыл бұрын
@mariusult3469 Жыл бұрын
It would be very interesting to watch a video with reasoning of the expelings. I am sure there were more than just religious reasons.
@abdulimraan2706 Жыл бұрын
An curious about the expulsion of the Jews as I can understand the Muslim expulsion because it was a danger due the conversion to Islam of the spanish
@extrarradioghetto Жыл бұрын
the ottoman empire, they were a rising powerful muslim empire in the meditaterranean, the spanish monarchs felt like it was risky to have population who could side with muslim ottomans over christian spaniards
@BenAdam1937 Жыл бұрын
Kings/Queens and Pope Didn’t want Islam there because they knew with CERTAINTY Christians would Willing convert to Islam. when Islam is presented to truth seeker they don’t reject it. they knew it will grow and take over that’s why the tried so hard to erase anything that had to do with Islam or Arabic.
@flyingfoamtv2169 11 ай бұрын
most of the reasons would likely shock or horrify us.
@asramahamed9103 Жыл бұрын
As a SriLankan Muslim, I can sure that this event totally impact our history as the Portuguese became a sea power come to Srilanka and captured our business monopoly and expelled us from the coastal area to Hillcountry. Butterfly effect.
@JunmaiPark-qu3vf 8 ай бұрын
The conquest didn't stop. The entire peninsula (society, politics, religion, culture and economy) was shaped by the reconquista. It developed a warrior society over the course of centuries. It was hard to snap out of it. It took Ottoman, British, French, Dutch and US imperialism to stop Iberian imperialism. But we are normal again. Thank God.
@Joe-rx7ht Жыл бұрын
No mention of El Cid or Charlemagne? Not even Christopher Columbus and the discovery in 1492?
@gemstonesparkle7915 Жыл бұрын
Would be nice if any information about Portugal were included, did it happened at the same time? What causes?
@Handle0108 Жыл бұрын
Portugal was part of Al Andalus and the Visigoths. The two countries of Portugal and Spain were one in the past.
@filipedavid6806 Жыл бұрын
@@Handle0108 actually it wasn't like that, most of Portugal was under the rule of "suevos", and Bilbao was under "vascoes", while the rest of iberia was under the rule of Visigoths. Nonetheless Portugal was under Spain during 1580-1640 a completely different period.
@pauvermelho Жыл бұрын
They didn't drink wine... they didn't eat pork... they had to go.
@alexandregoncalves4337 Жыл бұрын
@@filipedavid6806 Portugal was not under Spain in 1580, the moment it was Portugal took independence.
@Handle0108 Жыл бұрын
@@antper8174 what do you mean? Portugal was part of Al andalous and the rest of Spanish Iberia before they split apart and created the modern borders.
@rikki1960 Жыл бұрын
Thank You Rabbi, that was fascinating as always; I really didn't know that the stereotypical jew was depicted as blue eyes & red haired in the mediaeval period; having said that, I'm not surprised either.
@danmur2797 10 ай бұрын
A lot of English language KZbin videos make a lot of the Muslim presence in Spain and Portugal, however it was only one among many historic influences both cultural and genetic among Spaniards. Genetic studies in southern Spain for instance shows Spaniards have around 15% Arab/North African berber dna. By that statistic the Greek and Roman colonies had about similar cultural and genetic input. The biggest chunk of genetic input for Spaniards however are it's indigenous peoples, namely the Celtiberians and Basques. They account for over half of the Spanish population ancestry. The Celtiberians in fact are genetically related to the British and Irish, pre-Viking indigenous peoples. A lot of the Spanish aka Castilian and other regional languages like Gallego and Portuguese have a lot of Celtiberian origin vocabulary. So aside from Latin (Roman), and to a lesser extent Arabic, Celtiberian had another significant influence. Basques had a cultural impact on Spanish as well. The other significant input were the Germanic tribes that settled in Spain--namely the Visigoths, Suebi/Alemanni, and Vandals. The Goths are believed to originate in Sweden, but migrated to what is now Ukraine and then Italy where they basically dismantled the Roman Empire. The Goths broke into 2 branches--the Ostrogoths (ostro-germanic ost meaning eastern) remained in Italy. The Visigoths migrated to southern France and Spain (visi-germanic root westen meaning western. W in German, another Germanic language is pronounced like an English V, so originally Wisi becomes Visi--goth). The Spanish directional signs still in use are of germanic origin--norte (nord, north), sur/Sud (Sud, south), este (ost, east), oeste (west, ouest, vesten). Rather than the less commonly used Latin (occidente-west, oriente-east), or Arabic. A lot of Spanish names are also of Germanic origin, namely anything with the root -BERT: Roberto, Gilberto, Alberto, Rigoberto, Norberto, Heriberto, Berta, etc. Or names like Hilda (or Spanish Visigothic princess Brunhilda), Nilda, Rodrigo, or Olga or Alfonso, etc. Why Spanish names are very similar to other nationalities of Central and western Europe. The Suebi that settled in northeastern Spain were also of Germanic origin from Central Europe namely around modern day Austria, Switzerland, and Southern Germany. Even while southern Spain was held as Al-Andaluz, in northern Spain between 700-1492, many of the descendants of the Visigoths were marrying into other Christian kingdoms in Northern Europe, France and Italy. Eleanor of Castile for instance married King Edward I of England in the 1200s (their descendant included Henry VIII who married another Spanish princes, Catherine of Aragon). Finally--aside from the Moors/Arab influence in the south, one very important often overlooked group are Levantine Jews. There are documented migrations from what is today Israel (pinpointed in fact even to cities like Bethlehem), Palestine, Lebanon, and Syria to southern Spain. In fact Moorish Spain was as much Jewish as it was Muslim, producing many a great Jewish Spanish philosophers like Maimonides. Genetic studies confirm about 20% of Spaniards have a relatively high amount of Levantine DNA. In Latin America that is almost among 25% of Latin Americans, but more diluted. Thar means Spaniards in general have more Jewish/Levantine genetic ancestry than Arabic (as from the Arabian peninsula). Overall however the biggest genetic contributions are the Celtiberians.
@rustacean10 11 ай бұрын
Have any of you heard of library of cordoba and other libraries around the andalus? ))
@cypdashuhn1603 Жыл бұрын
Good video :)
@ur-inannak9565 Жыл бұрын
For anyone who doesnt know, the first 5 mins of this video that the narrator calmly described encompasses 800 years of brutal war, the longest war/series of wars in human history.
@mauzouq Жыл бұрын
Actually it was 800 years of prosperity ,,andalus was the brightest side of all Europe,,,kings sending there children and people to study there and proud if graduate from it,,music ,art peaceful for all religions living together 80% muslims 15 christianity 5% judaism
@TheBooban Жыл бұрын
@@mauzouq muslim propaganda
@Handle0108 Жыл бұрын
@@TheBooban nope, Andalus was the most advanced civilization of the Middle Ages
@charlesfenwick6554 Жыл бұрын
@@Handle0108 not for Christians
@Handle0108 Жыл бұрын
@@charlesfenwick6554 for everyone, and Christian Europe advanced when they conquered the people and knowledge of the Andalusian’s.
@aftekharyounas4841 Жыл бұрын
No mention of Yusuf ibn tashfin. any reason?
@pirulotropical6680 Жыл бұрын
Good video, just one point: Bilbao didn't even exist at 8th Century. The other cities some yes and some idk.
@cesargonzalez4146 Жыл бұрын
Nice video, nicely narrated and animated. But my point is that the title is wrong, there never was a muslim majority, Spain was occupied by the moors, most muslims lived in the cities, not around the countryside, with the christian majority, essentially the rabble for the muslim ruling class, which still maintained strong links to the wider islamic world, in case they were to lose their position and wealth.
@gonzaloleon-gelpi9776 4 ай бұрын
Exactly, the Muslims were never a majority in Spain and Portugal, and neither were the Visigoths. The Iberian Peninsula was -- from even before Roman times -- a mixture of ethnic groups, predominantly the CeltoIberians. Then came groups like the Phoenicians, the Greeks (who were Germanic), the Carthaginians (Originally from the Middle East mixed with Hametic influences), and the the Latins from Italy. By the time the Muslims arrived, several million people with this mixed background were already there. Unlike, for example, the Ottomans who overtook Anatolia altogether, the cultural aspects and language of the Andalusians in Spain were secondary.
@dinodelic4053 9 ай бұрын
Fun fact, the Visigoth Kingdom of Espain, were crushed by the Mours, by the old Roman strategy: "Concer and divide". 7 Centuries later, the same Strategy was used against Al-Andalus.
@nikan4now Жыл бұрын
Great video. Can you please mention the TIME of these events? It's important for getting oriented.
@gabrielna5968 Жыл бұрын
From 711 to 1609
@nikan4now Жыл бұрын
@@gabrielna5968 Thanks for that.
@neyou6940 Жыл бұрын
@@gabrielna5968 1492
@gabrielna5968 Жыл бұрын
@@neyou6940 1492 was the year of the conquest of Granada (and the end of the reconquista), but 1609 was the true ending of the whole period of the islamic Spain, when the last descendants of the muslims (now converted as christians) were expelled from Spain
@willkomp6354 3 ай бұрын
I'm pretty sure it's the same thing that happened to the non muslims who were in the Iberian Penninsula before the invasion from north Africa.
@Harib_Al-Saq 8 ай бұрын
Im still proud to be of Spanish descent.
@HavanaOutpost Жыл бұрын
Man, my criticism to this is that you failed to even mention Asturias, where the reconquest started.
@flawyerlawyertv7454 Жыл бұрын
Asturians made history. 🇪🇸💪
@davidwilner4553 Жыл бұрын
Lots of inconsistencies in this video. Firstly Al-Andalus never conquered the northernmost regions of the peninsula, Asturias, Aragón and others retained their independence and while we can speak in modern times of the process of "reconquista", this was never even an idea for those small Christian kingdoms vying for survival. Also, Castile was born alongside other kingdoms such as León and even Galicia, and ended up ruling over the others through marriage, force, etc. Spain wasn't a thing until a few centuries later. And why did you leave out Rossellón in France? Why did you use modern borders and cities?
@marioformosa4259 Жыл бұрын
Yes the people of Castile, Aragon, León etc were essentially the same people . They were the people of Hispania .They were not Berbers or Arabs
@ketama047 Жыл бұрын
Yeah this whole video series leaves me unconvinced. It's not academically robust, it seems like there is a political agenda behind it but we don't know which, though I doubt it is one based on love and acceptance of the other. Ironic that now we have the world's knowledge at our fingertips, if we read or see anything on the internet now, we need to go to the physical library to check if it is legit or misinformation or what. Digital era... underwhelming.
@stolenaccount2029 Жыл бұрын
History is mostly incositant because what we have is the propaganda from the winners lol.
@amsfountain8792 Жыл бұрын
Putting Madrid in the map was very inaccurate.
@sigitasn Жыл бұрын
Yeah, not the first time when this content creator doing inaccuracies. Now i'm clicking don't recommend on youtube main page, to avoid getting dissinformation.
@JL-cn6nh 7 ай бұрын
Sidi Ifni , a Spanish province in Morocco was returned to Morocco in 1969.
@mrmichaelrae 2 ай бұрын
Why was the Inquisition not mentioned?
@user-rh9he5cv3e Жыл бұрын
How about the Barbary Pirates video
@nERVEcenter117 Жыл бұрын
Funny that how or why residents of formerly Visigothic Hispania converted to Islam is swept aside completely. Even though we know EXACTLY how Islam wins its converts, both historically and contemporarily. Nobody will touch that topic. Use of the phrase “indigenous Islam” later in the video says it all.
@ddc2957 Жыл бұрын
Agree it’s a gutless video from a channel that will NEVER make a video on, lets say, what happened to Algerias Jews. Or Turkeys Christians.
@el_nesto1844 Жыл бұрын
Less taxes for muslim people
@OwnM3Z0 Жыл бұрын
@umaryusuf537 Жыл бұрын
How does Islam gain its converts please enlighten me 🙄🙄 you’ve clearly don’t understand the truth
@paryanindoeur Жыл бұрын
Agreed. This video glosses over 700 years of conquest and occupation very quickly, even calling the time between the Muslim Conquest and the Reconquistia "soon." After that long a period of foreign rule -- and, yes, it was foreign, based in the Arabian peninsula -- a people just having achieved a hard-won autonomy will take no chances. The first to go will always be the true power-brokers of the invaders -- in this case, the Jewish population of the Caliphate. Re: the Ottomans -- after incessant invasions into Europe finally resulted in the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, the Spanish rulers in 1492 would take no chances with "tolerance." It's no coincidence that the discovery of the New World and the Reconquista happened in the same year -- the Turks cut off access to the Black Sea and the Silk Road; a new route to the Far East had to be discovered. Invasion from Asia and Africa into Europe had been incessant, as was the capture and enslavement of European peoples by Ottomans, Arabs, Jews, Turks, and North Africans. Finally defending themselves led to these societies to look elsewhere, to Africa, for their odious slave trade.
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