Greek War of Independence 1821-32 - Greek & Ottoman History DOCUMENTARY

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Kings and Generals

Kings and Generals

3 ай бұрын

Thanks to Kamikoto for sponsoring this video! Get an additional $50 off on any purchase with code Kings during their Black Friday Sale. Go to and help support the channel!
Kings and Generals historical animated documentary series on the early modern history, as well as the history Greece and the Ottoman Empire continues with a feature length video on the Greek War of Independence of 1821-1832, as we see how the modern Greece was born and how it got its independence from the Ottoman Rule. This video will cover political, diplomatic and geopolitical events surrounding the war, as well as the battles of Missolonghi, Alamana, Gravia Inn, Valtetsi, Peta, Dernakia and Navarino, as well as the aftermath of the war and the formation First Hellenic Republic and the Kingdom of Greece, the London Protocol and the Treaty of Constantinople.
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The video was made by Lito Areta and MalayArcher ( / mathemedicupdates , while the script was researched and written by Leo Stone
This video was narrated by Officially Devin ( / @offydgg & / @gameworldnarratives )
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#Documentary #GreekWarOfIndependence #Ottoman

Пікірлер: 2 319
Kings and Generals
Kings and Generals 3 ай бұрын
Thanks to Kamikoto for sponsoring this video! Get an additional $50 off on any purchase with code Kings during their Black Friday Sale. Go to and help support the channel!
Dino Dino
Dino Dino 22 күн бұрын
The reality is that there was no "Greek revolution". For the simple reason that there were no Greeks in this story, Greek things happened afterwards. What was happening was an Albanian revolution and an Albanian civil war within the Ottoman empire, Albanian Christians fighting Albanians and Ottoman Muslims. They revolted and this civil war became the "Greek revolution" with the creation of the Greek state by and with the help of the then great powers.
themis voul
themis voul 25 күн бұрын
@KingsandGenerals An important point is that the politicians of the national assembly were puppets of England and France, the "assisting loans" they provided took 180 years to repay and they were also behind the murder of Kapodistrias. Finally they imposed a foreign king. So the independence was always under foreign control
Selim Kukaj
Selim Kukaj Ай бұрын
Well, I am not Turk and that was a simple question. What was the language of the Parliament after independence. Thats all.
Bob Jones
Bob Jones Ай бұрын
Is it a war of independence if the Greek Nation was hundreds of years old or more like a war to regain your freedom. I have the same question of Egypt.
Asreais 2 ай бұрын
@George Zachos so has Kamikoto by the same guy
Taha Butt
Taha Butt 2 ай бұрын
I’m from 🇵🇰 and have a massive amount of respect for Greek culture, Greek orthodox religion and their struggle for freedom as a nation. Love from Pakistan
Taha Butt
Taha Butt 11 күн бұрын
@Tolga what ?
Tolga 12 күн бұрын
Comment by Erdogan's brothers :)
JasonBassChem 22 күн бұрын
@Dino Dino lol. Mind sharing the bibliographic references of your "...the civil war became the greek revolution" nonsense?
Eye the Moment
Eye the Moment 3 ай бұрын
The survival of the Greek language in the lands the language was created from ancient times to modernity is proof of some considerable direct ancestral connection.
Κώστας Τσιρώνης
Κώστας Τσιρώνης Күн бұрын
@THE WARRIOR FROG as your name said you are just a frog
Kostas Myrios
Kostas Myrios 2 күн бұрын
@Alexander The Great ok Albanian/Bulgarian friend
Alexander The Great
Alexander The Great 2 күн бұрын
@Kostas Myrios alexander the great is ilirians= makedonians 100% ! No greeks@ 80% peoples greeks is origins ilirians albanians 100% @ Greece is status ortodox albanians 👍🏽👍🏽👍🏽🙏🏽🌻👋🙋‍♂️
Alexander The Great
Alexander The Great 2 күн бұрын
@Pranvera ohri Thanks pranvera @100% every good @80% peoples is Greeceis origins ilirians albanians @5000years 👍🏽🙏🏽👋🙋‍♂️
Timothy Bean
Timothy Bean 3 ай бұрын
I want to personally thank you for your time and research into the Greek Revolution. I am aware of the considerable time and effort it takes to complete this documentary. I have searched to find a video on the revolution and found a partial one in Greek. I don't speak Greek so it was useless to me. I enjoy your documentary's because they are thouough and the explanation of the battle scenarios are brilliant. Thank you, I enjoyed this installment as I have the others. Keep up the good work. Please, don't let it drive you to illicit vice. Just a little friendly advice.
Pranvera ohri
Pranvera ohri 2 күн бұрын
Hi!I advice you to watch a documentary about the Greek Revolution produced by greek TV SKAI sutitled in english. It's censured by the greek authorities but because of the naked truth but it's still available on line. Just type down "The greek revolution 1821-1831 ".Enjoy it.
Lef 3 ай бұрын
As a Greek, thanks for this.
J S Ай бұрын
@Stoß 1:32:09
Stoß Ай бұрын
@J S prove, I can't find anything in the description leading to it
J S Ай бұрын
@Stoß they are
someone that likes you
someone that likes you Ай бұрын
@Stoß wdym
Stoß Ай бұрын
@J S Btw they're not Azerbaijani or Turkish, wtf?
Bas J
Bas J 2 ай бұрын
There were also a lot of prominent women that significantly contributed to the Greek cause like the Souliotisses martyr women, the naval commander Laskarina Bouboulina, and the benefactor Manto Mavrogenonous
Alexander The Great
Alexander The Great 2 күн бұрын
@SnOw_Bee Bouboulina and souliotes is albanians origins100%% @no greeks !80% origins peoples Greeks is ilirians Albanians100%% every good @
We love Progressive
We love Progressive 3 күн бұрын
​@Gezim Gjoka hahahahahahahaha yes and Achilles was from Pogradets..... Ase mas re lali
ALB ESports
ALB ESports 17 күн бұрын
​@SnOw_Bee they speak a good old albanian leangues but they dont are albanians right ? 🤣🤣🤣
Denis Saliaj
Denis Saliaj 20 күн бұрын
@SnOw_Bee its a tosk dialect. Way closer to standart albanian than nothern albanian
Toni Sula
Toni Sula Ай бұрын
@SnOw_Bee 100% exactly just different tribal dialect
delavalmilker 3 ай бұрын
Well done! So little of this history of Greece is studied, or even known about, in the West.
dim fish
dim fish 16 күн бұрын
​@Darth iLoneven your national hero is a Greco-serb
Illyrian Ай бұрын
Albanian story only
Altin Halo
Altin Halo Ай бұрын
All war hero’s pelasgian ilirian arber Albania 🇦🇱, Albanian language gods language 🇦🇱🇦🇱
SnOw_Bee Ай бұрын
@Darth iLon lol🤣🤣
Redwan Rahman
Redwan Rahman 17 күн бұрын
Respect to all Greeks. Admire your history culture and the beautiful country itself. Hope all of your economic woes are solved and your people and the nation regained its former glory.
Georgios Vladimiridis
Georgios Vladimiridis 3 ай бұрын
Remarkable work ! Detailed and accurate explained ! As a Greek I feel touched and your approach was excellent. Also I would like to add that all the help from the volunteers didn't end well as the free Hellenic nation started directly civil war and the soldiers that came for aid Hellas were in the middle of a conflict that they didn't want to participate, and soon ended their life's cause of the mess between the Hellenes.
Ghaztoir 2 ай бұрын
Sad times
Beach Boy
Beach Boy 3 ай бұрын
Excellent video 📹 Just been on a 1 week holiday to Athens 🇬🇷 An ancient and amazing civilisation Everyone must visit the Acropolis.
XWG CBP077 3 ай бұрын
i still say it to this day if kapodistrias remained the prime minister back then, greece would have probably grown way stronger than it did.... its a miracle how greece after all this misfortune after it gained its indipendence is still standing
themis voul
themis voul 25 күн бұрын
​@David Pageit has always been the target to keep the Balkans weak and separated and so the British retained the warlord/local governor system that until today is a big part of Greece's corruption and lack of unity
Effie Ligouri
Effie Ligouri Ай бұрын
@NoQue Q British didn't like his policy. Actually British ordered his assassination, they were in good terms with ship owners, as it happens nowdays, and greek hands executed the order!!!!!!!!! Kapodistrias was the ONE AND ONLY GREEK HONEST GOVERNOR.
XWG CBP077 2 ай бұрын
@David Page im greek and im also impressed... since ancient times we just fight each other for no reason
David Page
David Page 2 ай бұрын
I am so impressed with the determination of Greeks amidst so much ruin and destruction of their lands and people.
Servant of God ☦️
Servant of God ☦️ 2 ай бұрын
@Colorblind1975 Mavrokordatos, Kapodistrias, all of them were westerners who never set foot in Greece until the revolution began. Why do you think the Maniots called them Franks who tried to Europeanize everything
Chiang Ju-An
Chiang Ju-An 3 ай бұрын
Good Job & Well done! I've just read Roderick Beaton's book "Greece :Biography of a modern Nation" Your animation is the best method for me to sense history narrative vividly. By the way, there are many military events even after Greece independent. Hopefully, we are able to see them all in the future.
Mihai Ionita
Mihai Ionita 3 ай бұрын
The video itself is great and informative as always, but I believe it useful to mention that Kamikoto knives is owned by the same company as Established Titles and their claims have about the same level of truthfulness (I.e. very little). Their knives are mass-produced in China, the only thing Japanese about them is the name.
rker 2 ай бұрын
literally everything is made in china you know it's so cheap
One Winged Angel Sephiroth
One Winged Angel Sephiroth 2 ай бұрын
Yes, iron ore doesn't exist in Japan at all, therefore when someone who is selling something uses the phrase "Japanese Steel"; you can take it to the bank that they are full of shit.
RKW 2 ай бұрын
It's also worth mentioning, that the used steel is one of the cheapest that is available. Real value may be around ten bucks, not hundreds of dollars, contrary to the marketing wank.
The Fifth Generation
The Fifth Generation 2 ай бұрын
Your right, checking Google, its made in Yangjiang, China
K T 3 ай бұрын
What an incredible documentary. Thank you so much for producing these!
RDG 3 ай бұрын
The Greek commanders' mustaches paired well with their massive balls of steel
Shadow I become
Shadow I become 7 сағат бұрын
@iliroDardan turkodardan, north epir = Greek , soon
iliroDardan 16 сағат бұрын
@William Skalaios did we also copy 30% Turkish DNA from you 😂😂😂😂😂😂
William Skalaios
William Skalaios 17 сағат бұрын
​@Jackson PedsTurkalbanians
William Skalaios
William Skalaios 17 сағат бұрын
​@John Palithat is why they butchered you always
Sid P
Sid P 3 ай бұрын
It’s quite disappointing though that you guys didn’t animate the battle of Navarino which is one of the most important counter points within the entire Greek revolution
UGTLDG 2 ай бұрын
Perhaps Navarino was such a one-sided affair, that its animation would be kind-of-pointless, despite its importance... The Turko-Egyptian flotilla was anihilated to the cost of ZERO allied ships shunk! No much of a battle, as battles go.... But on the other hand, so was Trafalgar, so perhaps numbers alone don't tell the whole story...
Planet Iscandar
Planet Iscandar 2 ай бұрын
@wlp_ diavolakos 7 I am obligated to respect your opinion.
Planet Iscandar
Planet Iscandar 2 ай бұрын
@sidp5381 The Battle of Navarino is not as important as you think, mislead by the propaganda of the great forces. When this battle took place, the Turks had already lost in all fronts. I suggest you learn more about the real facts.
wlp_ diavolakos 7
wlp_ diavolakos 7 3 ай бұрын
@Alexander The Great its no truth arvanites are 5%.but you are 100%malakas
Alexander The Great
Alexander The Great 3 ай бұрын
@lagjes cuni 80% is people greeks is ilirians albanians origins @-👍🏽✍🆗️👍🏽✍🆗️🙋‍♂️
A A 2 ай бұрын
Love Greece 🇬🇷 from Palestine 🇵🇸
A A 27 күн бұрын
@Camera Man now it is arab territory. We buy land and arabize turkey then it becomes ours We are the new rules of this land called Anatolia Thanks qatar for sending aid
Camera Man
Camera Man 27 күн бұрын
@A A whatever ur country is lmao
A A 27 күн бұрын
@Camera Man it is funny because now we are buying turkey with money. It is our land now hahaha
Camera Man
Camera Man 28 күн бұрын
@A A it aint funny bozo
🦅 Eagle Vision GR 🦅
🦅 Eagle Vision GR 🦅 2 ай бұрын
I am from the island of SPETSES and you touched me deeply in the way you mentioned my island and its fleet. I wanted to see more of the exploits at sea, because there have been some big naval battles, that were turning points in the war. One of them was at the 8th of September 1822 outside Spetses island, where an enormous 70-80 Ottoman ship fleet faced 50 Greek ships. It is called "Naval Battle of the Saronic Gulf" or the "Naval Battle of Spetses". On the island we call it "Armata" and we celebrate it each year with a naval reenactment of the battle!! If you need more information about it, feel free to contact me. Keep up the good work, I love your videos !!!!
aol baol
aol baol Ай бұрын
@Van Mars Στα χωρια γυρω απο την Αθηνα και στην Μωρεα ολη μιλαγαν αλλη γλωσσα μεχρι και το 1900+, το οτι εσυ προσπαθεις να προωθησεις κατι αλλο ειναι κριμα.. ακομα και οι φορεσιες τα εθιμα τα τραγουδια οι παραδοσεις, τα ονοματα και επωνυμα τα μαρτυρουν ολα. Ξερω πολυ καλα οτι στο μερος εδω που μεγαλωσαμε πολυ εθελοτυφλουν εσκεμμενα. Εμενα η καταγωγη μου λεει πολλα για τα μεροι και ξερω πολυ καλα την ιστορια τον προγονων μου και οχι μονο, που οι οποιοι ακομα ειναι σε αυτους τους τοπους. Τα συνορα αλλαζουνε οι ανθρωποι ομως ειναι κριμα να ξεχνανε και να δεχονται και να υπερασπιζονται αυτα που με το ζόρι τους επέβαλαν. Ναι Υδρα και Σπετσες ενταχθηκαν αλλα ποτε και οχι για ενα τετοιο κρατος και σκοπο, διαφορετικο απο την συνειδηση τους και την γλωσσα τους. Αμεσως μετα την επανασταση τους φυλακισαν τους σκοτωσαν σαν τα σκυλια (πχ πολλους ηρωες) για να μην κανουνε αυτο για το οποιο πολεμησαν. Πολεμησαν αρβανιτες χριστιανοι εναντιον αρβανιτων μουσλουμάνων κατα μεγαλο ποσοστο τοτε.. Κριμα επισης που για την θρησκεια και υποκινουμενοι χωριστικαν τα αδερφια μεταξυ τους. Ιστοριες καπηλεύονται πολλοι και γραφοντε συνεχεια απο νικητες και μεγαλες δυναμεις οπως και με την δυναμη επιβαλονται, αυτο ομως δεν αλλαζει διολου την πραγματικοτητα τριγυρω! Μην μονοφθαλμειτε, παντοτε συμβουλευτικα, να κοιτας και να μελετας ολες τις πλευρες και ολα τα στοιχεια και οχι να χαφτεις μονοπλευρα κατι, γιατι ακριβως αυτο θελουνε να κανεις και οχι μονο για την ιστορια! Οχι μικρε εσυ δεν πολεμησες ποτε και οπως ειπα αυτοι που πολεμησαν μιλαγαν αλλη γλωσσα η πλειοψηφια. Διαβασε πιο πολυ και απο παντου οχι μονοπλευρα!
Rudy Wooders
Rudy Wooders 3 ай бұрын
nice documentary. Its also worthy to take a look to the bios of the protagonists of revolution. For example The Heroine Manto Mavrogenous. She donated whole vast family fortune to the revolution. She fought personally ,she got betrayed by the politicians, her home was burned by politician bouncers and she died at 44 years old ,very poor ,in the house of another co-fighter living as guest. Before she die she went to the government to ask for a tiny pension of veteran. The public servant asked her "what have you done for Greece and ask pension? and she said "What I Manto Mavrogenous have done for Greece? I did NOTHING" and she left.
HiddenHistory 3 ай бұрын
I don't know who wrote this videos script but very entertaining and caught me off guard. Also, love that we all just _understand_ when Napoleon is introduced as "the Corsican dude".
iraklis kazantzidis
iraklis kazantzidis 3 ай бұрын
@Nestor Thomsen I am downloading text to explain my point of view
iraklis kazantzidis
iraklis kazantzidis 3 ай бұрын
@Nestor Thomsen Υes but the Stephanopoulos family and other Maniates fled their homeland and settled in Corsica after the deadly conflicts in their homeland, the Stephanopoulos and 300 from various other villages and with the French ship 'Sotir' on January 1, 1676 arrived in Genoa. They landed in Corsica on March 14, 1676. Since then, after many hardships and struggles with the locals, they managed to survive for 294 years in the village of Kargese and keep alive their Maniac origin. The Maniates also built their houses in the area of Paomia, a wild but also fruitful place. Their coexistence with the locals was not easy. In 1730, they left Paomiia, after the Corsican revolution, and settled in Aiakeio, the current capital of Corsica. In 1712, 812 Maniates lived there and in 1773 only 428. In 1768, the Genoese sold Corsica to the French This residence of the Maniatas in Aiakeio became the occasion to give birth to the legend of the origin of Napoleon the Great from the generation of the Stephanopoulos. Likewise, the Bonaparte family, according to others, is nothing more than the Calomeris or rather Kalomiris family, exiled in the same way that the Yatrians (Physicians) were exiled and became Medicis" Let's see what Dikaios Vagiakakos writes. Tradition says that a branch of the Stephanopoulos generation named Kalomeros went from Corsica to Tuscany. There, the name Kalomeros took the Italian form Buonoparte. Later, someone from this generation returned to Aiakeio and became the progenitor of the Bonaparte family in Corsica. Napoleon the Great was born as Napoleon Bonaparte in 1769. What is certain is that during the stay of the Maniats in Aiakeio, the Stephanopoulos family was a close friend of Napoleon's mother Letitia Ramolino. Panoria then married the French army supplier Permont. Napoleon, now an orphan, when he was studying in Paris, frequented the house of Panoria, whose brother Dimitrios Stephanopoulos was his guardian at the Military School of Brienne-le-Chateau. Bonaparte had been greatly influenced by the military life of the Maniates. The first treatise he wrote was "Memoirs on the Education of Young Maniacs". According to Dicaios Vagiakakos, Bonaparte did not have "Greek roots". What is certain is that he was interested in the Mani people of Corsica and in 1797, in view of his planned campaign in the Balkans, he sent from Italy to Mani the Corsicans, now Dimos and Nikolaos Stephanopoulos, with a letter to the bey of Mani, Janet (bey) Grigorakis... you have right my friend,but the truth is he lives his life so close with Maniates
Nestor Thomsen
Nestor Thomsen 3 ай бұрын
@iraklis kazantzidis There is no evidence about this.He is a Corsican of Italian descent.
Jauregi 27
Jauregi 27 3 ай бұрын
le Corse le plus célèbre du monde
CFL_ Finn
CFL_ Finn 3 ай бұрын
17:26 So if we count the wounded? Those 120 men had an average KD of 150 and even managed to slip away before being destroyed 😂 Thats amazing
Tom Larham
Tom Larham 3 ай бұрын
It would be so good to see where the story goes in this David and Goliath epic after 1832. Any further revolts or territorial gains in the latter half of the 19th century, for example.
Kim Philby
Kim Philby 2 ай бұрын
To intrigue your curiosity,a century after this revolution,the Turks were fighting for their own independence,against the Greeks,in Asia...
cain ait
cain ait 3 ай бұрын
@History Enjoyer says who? proof. History books, google links. Here show us.
History Enjoyer
History Enjoyer 3 ай бұрын
@Irianna Samos rulers were Slavs not Greeks🤣
Tom Larham
Tom Larham 3 ай бұрын
@Irianna Next stop Constantinople!
Nikos Jonathan
Nikos Jonathan 2 ай бұрын
Great documentary, thank you so much! I believe the battle of Maniaki against Ibrahim and Papaflessas were worth a mention
UGTLDG 2 ай бұрын
Thank you so much for this video, from another Greek! Espessially at this time of Turkish electorial belicose rhetorics about the "Turkish Blue Aegean Homeland" and the "closeness of Greek islands such as Chios to Turkey", it is so important to remember what happened at Chios; with how much struggle and loss of life Greece finaly gained its independence and grew up to become a european, instead of an Asian or African country. You don't have to look way back, just look at northern Cyprus today to see the same old story still unfolding. With huge respect to the Asian and African civilisations, I simply firmly believe that ours is a European one. Not necesserily better, just distinct. We where here, in this little corner of the world, since the down of history. After wave after wave of great conquerors, we still speak our ancient, difficult, precious little language. We are rooted in this land since the dawn of time, and these roots are like umbilical cords to our distant mother of antiquity. We draw breath from her spirit and hope from her better days. Is this so bad? Is this so terrible a sin, for an old memory, for such a tie to still exist in this modern world? Or is it something worthy to cherish and to fight for? I think this line of thinking was the insentive that drove our Nobel-awarded poet Elytis to write his "Axion Esti (it is worthy)".
UGTLDG 18 күн бұрын
@The Faramith Hope so! Everything we know, we learn it from the media... Peace, bro!!
jj222 Ай бұрын
Oh, and I am a turk living in UK.
UGTLDG Ай бұрын
​@J N I'm not saying neo-ottomanism is worse than western imperialism, on a global scale. I said "Neo-ottomanism is a great threat to my country [Greece]". Did you watched the video at all? It is about the Greek revolution against the Ottoman empire of old! Turkey is a country whose borders are well defined by treaties. Neo-ottomanists contest these treaties. We, and all other neighbouring countries to Turkey are directly threatened by the neo-ottoman revisionism! You also need to understand that neo-ottomanism and pan-turkism are relatively new concepts and should be compared with NEO-imperialism! Not the imperialism of old. In that context, neo-ottomanism that suggests Greeks should "learn how to swim", suggesting invasion and hunt and missile strikes on our capital, is more threatening, DIRECTLY life-threatening, than any neo-imperialist, economic or cultural confrontation WE NOW face as a country. If you want to discuss more, please do tell which country are you from?
All Music Channel
All Music Channel 3 ай бұрын
1:32:28 of excellent artwork, animation, narration etc... I deeply thank you for this treasure!
Rasally Johansen
Rasally Johansen 3 ай бұрын
RIP Kapodistrias he did all he could for the greeks and trying to strengthen the central government and democracy only for corrupt oligarchs and mafias to assasinate him and replace him with a puppet german king, he worked tirelessly and deserved better
Kounias 3 ай бұрын
anglosaxons killed him
Vardaris 2 ай бұрын
Beautiful video, comprehensive and still easy to follow and sharp. A thrilling effort. Almost as thrilling as the efforts of the Greeks to live free from tyranny in 1821-32.
george tsavinio
george tsavinio Ай бұрын
@Robert Alikaj How could he be albanian. His family was an aristocratic family of Kerkyra, his father's ancestors came from slovenia and his mother ones from cyprus. Stop saying stupid things about our history and be greatful to God( whatever God you albanians believe at) that the serbians did not take the north of you and the greeks the south of you.
Robert Alikaj
Robert Alikaj 2 ай бұрын
I m afraid kapodistria was not greek but arvanitis (albanian)
luis pereira
luis pereira Ай бұрын
"Greeks don't fight like heroes... HEROES FIGHT LIKE GREEKS!!!!!". Massive respect!!!!!!
Ag. M.
Ag. M. 3 ай бұрын
Incredible video. This is better than most Greek school books!
manugamer99 4 күн бұрын
38:22 I’m sure just the name “Athens” sent a shiver down many spines. Very few cities in the world have such a gigantic reputation
Νεκτάριος Κυζηράκος
Νεκτάριος Κυζηράκος 3 ай бұрын
Great video. One important thing you got wrong was the greek identity. If you read the speeches of the last 300years of byzantine emperors they refer to their subjects increasingly as Hellenes. Usually as Romans and Hellenes. So, by the time the loss of Constantinople happened, the greek people were refering to each other as hellenes. That is why during the years prior the rebellion it was usual for parents to give their children ancient greek names. It is not hellene or roman. Our identity since 1200, and i would argue up to now, is the combination of roman and hellenes. It was (is)not one or the other. But both.
Mia Stupid
Mia Stupid 2 ай бұрын
@Włodzisław W. yes it is. I agree.
Włodzisław W.
Włodzisław W. 2 ай бұрын
@Mia Stupid I mean, we have proof that the southern Balkans (Bulgaria, Albania Greece etc.) have the same dna as they did in antiquity. The same is true for most of the rest of the world.
Mia Stupid
Mia Stupid 2 ай бұрын
@Włodzisław W. it all matters.
Mia Stupid
Mia Stupid 3 ай бұрын
@History Enjoyer whatever. Enough said. Your response stands for itself.
svilen kondakov
svilen kondakov 3 ай бұрын
Thank you for making this video! Our Bulgarian Liberation too has a wonderful history 😊 If I'm not mistaken, Tsarigrad was called Constantinople by everyone until the 20th Century.
Gilpau Belid
Gilpau Belid 3 ай бұрын
According to the primary sources the Byzantines/Medieval Greeks used for themselves the names: Έλληνες/Hellenes (Greeks), Γραικοί/Graikoi (Greeks), Ραικοί/Raikoi (Greeks), Ελλαδικοί/Helladikoi (Greeks), Ρωμαίοι/Rhomaioi (Romans) (an ethnonym that derives from the fact that medieval Greeks had Roman citizenship and had taken under their control the Roman state during the byzantine period) and Ρωμέλληνες/Rhomellenes (Roman Greeks) . Greeks during the ottoman period used the names: Έλληνες/Hellenes (Greeks), Graikoi/Γραικοί (Greeks) and Ρωμιοί/Rhomioi (Romans). These are the names that are used by Greeks today as well. All of these names are used as synonyms and mean "Greek" in the Greek language. Including the term "Ρωμιός" that is used with the definition that the byzantine Greeks were using it and not as an identity separate from the greek one. Based on the greek sources (both from the byzantine and ottoman period) Greeks never stopped identifying as Greeks and never stopped considering ancient Greek their ancestors. So where exactly are you basing your claim that the concept of greek or hellenic identity had not existed for centuries and for early modern Greek-speakers the heroes of Homer were mystical giants and not their direct ancestors? I have seen only one source where someone was calling ancient Greeks "giants" and that was as a praise, not because he didn't consider him his ancestors.
Pranvera ohri
Pranvera ohri 2 күн бұрын
ELLINI=ILLINI=ILLIRI.N(geg dialect) = R(tosk dialect) like in AlbaNia=ArbeRia.The romans called the peninsula ILLYRICUM. The story of Greece is a pellasgo-illyrian one.
People's awareness of Greek civilization and identity came away gravely damaged after the decline of the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman rule. “Hellene,” the appellation that defined the Greek people, had been abandoned: because Byzantium was part of the Roman Empire, the Greeks had taken to calling themselves Romans, Ῥωμαίοι. At the turn of the nineteenth century, as Ottoman rule waned and Greece regained a sense of its own identity, the language situation was, to put it mildly, paradoxical. The traditional written language had remained largely faithful to ancient Athenian-based Koine, yet it was so removed from the language then spoken that people no longer understood it. And there was no one cultural, political, or social identity strong enough to impose its language on the new Greek society. The only center to safeguard Greekness over the centuries had been the Church, which had done so by conserving ancient Koine. So, people looked to it to provide the revival of Hellenism with a common language. When the Greek War of Independence came to an end, the one way to recover a common outlook was to take a step back in time- two thousand years back. In fact, in its infancy, modern Greece established its identity by returning to its roots in Pericles' Athens of fifth century BC. Therefore, the written language that originated from Hellenistic Koine, which itself originated from the lonic-Attic dialect, gave Greece a united language that corresponded to their reacquired sense of national unity. Modern Greek pronunciation was achieved by keeping what was common to the majority of Hellenes and eliminating all local quirks. The vowel sounds of Koine remained intact, as did its written form. Modern Greek phonetics is the same as Hellenistic phonetics, though some consonants are pronounced differently. Although the grammatical forms that had disappeared thousands of years before, like aspect, dual number, the optative, and the dative, could not be resurrected, in many regards modern Greek remained ancient. The current language continues to draw a distinction between the present and aorist, retaining all of that distinction's semantic value, and still uses the accusative, nominative, genitive, and vocative cases (though the plural genitive is rarely used, and the nominative and vocative are often mixed up). Modern Greek made two surprising innovations. It got rid of infinitive verbs-a feature it shares with the languages of the Balkans-and invented a future tense by paraphrasing the verb "to want": "I will judge" is expressed as a кpivo, "I want to judge"-and therefore "will judge."
Au contraire , with the introduction of Christianity the Greeks of old Hellas , who in part had remained heathen , ranked as second - class citizens ; with the introduction of Christianity the Greeks of old Hellas , who in part had remained heathen , ranked as second - class citizens ; the word “ Hellene " in Byzantium had meant the same as " barbarian " since the third century . The representatives of Byzantium who spoke koine and who called themselves Rhomaioi ( " Romans ' , i.e. ' East Romans ' and not Greeks ), did not bother very much about the rural Greek-speaking popu-lation of Old Hellas, who spoke a tongue drawn from the dialects and sharply diverging from the high reputation of the koine.
Anastasios Benias
Anastasios Benias 3 ай бұрын
This comment deserves more likes. As a Greek I got a little bit confused on this part of the video, but I know that our history is confusing to foreigners. For them seeing 3 different words and one of them translating to "Romans", makes them think that we think of ourselves as Romans or something. I dont know 😂
Daniel Espinosa
Daniel Espinosa Ай бұрын
Big fan of these long re upload d of your smaller videos. It would be helpful if we had a playlist with them to reach them easier. Keep doing your great work y’all!
Hiighway_Chile 3 ай бұрын
Also GREAT VIDEO as always. I was curious about the beginning of the modern Greek nation. Storytelling and the visuals are great and informative. Suggestion: Please can yall do a video on how the great Powers dealt with switching from melee, combat to more firearms and muskets. And how that meant changing drilling and how they implemented the tactics. Like the progression from Roman army fighting to Mongols to Napoleon army tactics civil war tactics to world War 1.
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 3 ай бұрын
Modern Greek period starts with Emperor Theodore Laskaris, the video is wrong.
Jack Jones
Jack Jones 3 ай бұрын
I really enjoy the sound effects! Crickets at night, swords for a battlefield clash, even seagulls for naval actions were included.
Jaq Hass
Jaq Hass 3 ай бұрын
Most good voice actors are great for one set of roles and horrible for others. You really did find your niche. Your videos are great! Keep at it!
Βασίλειος Μαυρομμάτης
Βασίλειος Μαυρομμάτης 3 ай бұрын
Modern Greek Wars of Independence and Anatolian Excursion should be being taught in every European school. Just look at how the map looks in 1920, the political trends in the continent and the influence of the greek elites since the Enlightment already, when many of the intellectuals and merchants had to flee from the Ottman Empire to Paris and co. Look at how the population exchange lead to new levels of state aggression towards minorities, i.e. during WWII. Look how the class divide within the Empire brings first young Greece hanging from a thread and less than a century later nationalism in Turkey. We can try to condensate history as much as we want, but apparently reality is way wilder than even the wildest of imaginations.
I admit that it is a very good documentary like all others I'veseen in your channel. Your side notes are great for those who like details.
Promy 3 ай бұрын
Just amazing! Thank you for the documentary!
Pamela Ellis
Pamela Ellis 3 ай бұрын
Excellent detailed account....I really appreciated all of the details about the battles, the generals, the Ottoman rule, the development of Greece....and the ultimate creation of Greece
Innocent Mushi
Innocent Mushi 2 ай бұрын
Wonderful narration, we need a movie a series to show these events in details and in its wider range. Congratulations 🎊
Alex And The Seaside Of Bulgaria
Alex And The Seaside Of Bulgaria 3 ай бұрын
That's a very nice and informing video, as well as an interesting one. However, there's one major thing you skipped- how the Battle of Navarino progressed. It was quite important in the course of the war. Nevertheless, good job!
Knight of History
Knight of History 3 ай бұрын
I love these videos. I've been a massive fan for years! So much so that I actually made my own channel (it focuses on History as well) thank you for the inspiration! I wish I had the same cartoon style you have but... I'm just a small KZbinr
Elias Papanikolaou
Elias Papanikolaou 3 ай бұрын
Latinus (Latin: Latinus; Ancient Greek: Λατῖνος, Latînos, or Λατεῖνος, Lateînos) was a figure in both Greek and Roman mythology. He is often associated with the heroes of the Trojan War, namely Odysseus and Aeneas. Although his appearance in the Aeneid is irreconcilable with his appearance in Greek mythology, the two pictures are not so different that he cannot be seen as one character.  Latinus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum. Contents Greek mythologyEdit In Hesiod's Theogony,[1] Latinus was the son of Odysseus and Circe who ruled the Tyrrhenians, presumably the Etruscans, with his brothers Ardeas and Telegonus. Latinus is also referred to, by much later authors, as the son of Pandora II and brother of Graecus,[2] although according to Hesiod, Graecus had three brothers, Hellen, Magnetas, and Macedon, with the first being the father of Doros, Xuthos, and Aeolus. He was also depicted as the son of Odysseus and Calypso.[3] Latinus' possible siblings were Melera and Pandorus.[4] Roman mythologyEdit  Aeneas at the Court of Latinus by Ferdinand Bol; Rijksmuseum Amsterdam In later Roman mythology (notably Virgil's Aeneid), Latinus, or Lavinius, was a king of the Latins. He is sometimes described as the son of Faunus and Marica, and father of Lavinia with his wife, Amata. He hosted Aeneas's army of exiled Trojans and offered them the chance to reorganize their life in Old Latium. His wife Amata wished his daughter Lavinia to be betrothed to Turnus, king of the Rutuli, but Latinus and the gods insisted that he give her instead to Aeneas;[5] consequently, Turnus declared war on Aeneas and was killed two weeks into the conflict. Ascanius, the son of Aeneas, later founded Alba Longa and was the first in a long series of kings leading to Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome. Some suggest this version is not compatible with the Greek one: the Trojan War had ended only eight years earlier, and Odysseus only met Circe a couple of months later, so any son of the pair could only be seven years old, whereas the Roman Latinus had an adult daughter by then. The Roman Latinus from the Aeneid, son of Faunus, is a completely different person from the Greek Latinus, son of Circe and Odysseus. However, given the timing and era, it is more likely that they are in fact, the same figure. See alsoEdit Latium Latin kings of Alba Longa Aborigines (mythology) NotesEdit ^ Lines 1011-1016. ^ Ioannes Lydus, De Mensibus 1.13 ^ "Apollodorus, Epitome, book E, chapter 7, section 24". Retrieved 2022-10-25. ^ Pseudo-Clement, Recognitions 10.21 ^ Robin Hard; H. J. Rose (2004). The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: Based on H.J. Rose's "Handbook of Greek Mythology". Psychology Press. pp. 590-. ISBN 978-0-415-18636-0. ReferencesEdit  Wikisource has original text related to this article: Theogony Hard, Robin, The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: Based on H.J. Rose's "Handbook of Greek Mythology", Psychology Press, 2004, ISBN 9780415186360. Google Books. Livy, Ab urbe condita, 1:1-2 Virgil, Aeneid, VII, 45, 52, 69, 96. Pseudo-Clement, Recognitions from Ante-Nicene Library Volume 8, translated by Smith, Rev. Thomas. T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh. 1867. Online version at Publius Vergilius Maro, Aeneid. Theodore C. Williams. trans. Boston. Houghton Mifflin Co. 1910. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Publius Vergilius Maro, Bucolics, Aeneid, and Georgics. J. B. Greenough. Boston. Ginn & Co. 1900. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Legendary titlesNew creationking of the Aborigines 1217-1180 BCSucceeded by Aeneas Last edited 1 month ago by S7ories RELATED ARTICLES Kings of Alba Longa Series of legendary kings of Latium
Cipricus 3 ай бұрын
I hope you do one on the Crimean War, a rather forgotten war, but with contemporary reverberations!🙏
A A 3 ай бұрын
Nikitaras was nephew of kolokotronis. His mother was sister of kolokotronis wife.
Ottoman Gazi
Ottoman Gazi 3 ай бұрын
History gives me goosebumps specially if its epically told like on this channel.
Hellenic Wolf
Hellenic Wolf 3 ай бұрын
Great work, great animations, keep it up guys!
Admiral Karl Donuts
Admiral Karl Donuts 3 ай бұрын
Interesting! I was just reading an alternate history story about Greece that starts with the Greek War of Independence and KZbin notified me of this video.
nemo Niemand
nemo Niemand 3 ай бұрын
Well, at least the spying of our google overlords can be conforting
myrdraal2001 3 ай бұрын
What's the name of the story? Got a link to it? I'd love to read it.
Eleni Vargis
Eleni Vargis 3 ай бұрын
Thank you so much for producing this excellent video documentary!
Vasilis David Sakellarakis
Vasilis David Sakellarakis Ай бұрын
I am a little bit disappointed that no reference was made to the Greek revolutionary activity in my home island of Euboea, but I still have to admit that this was an excellent video.
E.O.D 3 ай бұрын
What a beautiful topic, there is also a theory that the phanariot elite of Constantinople and rulers of Wallachia at the time were against the revolution because they were planning for years to overthrow the sultan and replace him with an orthodox monarch dividing the ottoman empire into two parts the west balkan orthodox empire and the east Muslims empire, pay in mind that during that time , in Constantinople lived the majority of the greek population of ottoman empire since the end of 19th century, (250.000 Greeks) and was the seat of ecoumenical patriarch, the video was superb! This story sadly ends with minor asia campaign a hundred years later and the end of greek presence in Asia Minor after thousands of years.
domenigo97 2 ай бұрын
What a great video! But maybe it would be better to write the last names of the different leaders bigger than the first name when their position is shown on the map. Most of the time, the speaker refers to them with their last name, which I unfortunately almost can't read.
antonis b.
antonis b. 2 ай бұрын
Great job! You covered pretty much everything!
Billie Swift
Billie Swift 3 ай бұрын
Really love this long video format. Thanks K&G!
Nicolas VDN
Nicolas VDN 3 күн бұрын
What an excellent documentary. Thanks a lot for this knowledge.
Baykal Simitci
Baykal Simitci 2 ай бұрын
I am wondering how were the feelings and contributions among the Greeks of Northern Greece and Asia Minor while all this took place. Were they excited? Were they also active? Thank you for this amazing cover.
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 2 ай бұрын
They revolt, first revolt took place in Drăgășani, Epirus, Northen Greece also but they were not ment to win. It was only for diversion
george tsavinio
george tsavinio 2 ай бұрын
Some regions in thessaly, macedonia and epirus revolted as well, but being far away arom the pelloponese and the main centre of the rebellion were fought back by the turks. Unfortunately though, the ottomans did not stop there. In Constantinople, Smyrna, Thessaloniki, Samothraki, Chios and Psara the Greeks were executed, despite not participating in the rebellion, with the killings of innocent people reaching as far as 300.000.....
Kim Philby
Kim Philby Ай бұрын
Well done,as always! I have a word about the most crucial campaign of this war,the campaign of Mahmoud Dramali pasha.I believe it's more crucial, because if it had succeed,the revolution was doomed. The thing is that Dramali organised his campaign in two branches,one the land forces and second the fleet.He knew that south Greece and specially Morea,was poor places,not capable to provide him with food supplies for his enormous,for the measures of the place,army.So,the fleet had the obligation to carry to him reinforcement to Nafplion. The fleet never arrived,because the admiral,another powerful pasha of the Ottoman Empire,was aware that a complete destruction of the revolution,would boost Dramali's fame and power to the top. Mahmoud pasha from Drama,was Sultan's kinsman,and had been Sultan's chosen general for this expedition. Kapudan pasha,the Ottoman admiral,was very uncomfortable to become a stair,for Dramali's advantage,so he was spending his time between Aegean sea 's islands, untill he heard about the disaster,so then,he headed to Patras,with heart full of joy.This is the main reason for the endurance of that fortress, continuously under siege from the beginning of the revolution. It reminds me the American war,and the behaviour of the generals of king George,some years before....
Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι
Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι Күн бұрын
you forgot to mention that at Patras the admiral and Yiousouf Bey had the total support of the british from the Ionian isles and the austrians because the port was an advantage to both powers
Thank you for creating this great masterpiece!
Bill Christo
Bill Christo Ай бұрын
That was excellent. Well done!
Nguyên Hoàng
Nguyên Hoàng 3 ай бұрын
Awesome series. Ibrahim Pasha was one hell of a badass during this war. His Ottoman masters really let him down this time.
WILL U 2 ай бұрын
Ya'll do such a good job with these videos I cannot believe this is free. Thanks for all you do
Минчо Няголов
Минчо Няголов 2 ай бұрын
I'm hoping to cover all uprisings in the Balkan peninsula! Great video btw!
Gordon Bryce
Gordon Bryce 2 ай бұрын
Excellent! I request you do an episode on the revival of "Romantic Chivalry" typified by Lord Gordon Byron.
MrkostasPT18 2 ай бұрын
well done for the video!! So realistic narration of the events that took place back at 19th century
Alisher A.
Alisher A. 3 ай бұрын
Very detailed and interesting video! Appreciate it
The Hermit
The Hermit 3 ай бұрын
This needa to be a movie, so interesting
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka Ай бұрын
The maniots throughout history are just built different even the vandals tried to attack them but they drove them off and then the great general Belisarius went their to honour them
pseudomonas03 3 ай бұрын
Really good graphic reproduction of the Battle at Dervenakia and at Agionori and the total distruction of the Ottoman invading force! In these battles the millitary genius of General Kolokotronis really shined. Also it was great to see mentioning the great Nikitaras, the Turks Eater, the modern "incarnation" of Achilles, who at the Battle at Dervenakia and Agionori broke 3 swords during the struggle, and the fourth sword remained attached to his hand because of the muscle intensity during the battle, and it was needed a medical treatment in order to open his hand. Good video, but it still left out completely, Karaiskakis's campaign in Central Greece in 1826-1827, which led to the Battle of Arachova, which was the second greatest defeat of the Ottomans, during the Greek War if Independence after the one at Dervenakia.
Perseus Arkouda
Perseus Arkouda 3 ай бұрын
@secret name Not an excuse for not mentioning Karaiskakis.
secret name
secret name 3 ай бұрын
you can't cover everything of course
Tuxedospider 3 ай бұрын
You might not see this comment and i mean know disrespect, but there is a little audio error at the beginning of your video. From 2:49 to 2:50 there is a little repeat in the audio. Other than that I watched this series and found it awesome, great work and keep it up. 👍
JC 3 ай бұрын
Kings and Generals, I hope you make a video Spanish American Wars of Independence and its campaigns or battles on how each countries get their independence from Spain, This is an interesting topic to watch on your videos.
Logan Gustavson
Logan Gustavson 3 ай бұрын
Yes please! That is am area of World History I know staggeringly little about and would love to be educated about!
Michael Wilson
Michael Wilson 2 ай бұрын
Loved this video! Can't wait to see more
Anes Brkicevic
Anes Brkicevic 3 ай бұрын
Greeks are amazing warriors and i cant explain how glad i am that the greeks recovered their national identity,nation,and religion unlike bosnia for example 😑
Anes Brkicevic
Anes Brkicevic 3 күн бұрын
@SEARCHER OF TRUTH and what point are you trying to make here?
@Anes BrkicevicOttomans started by Osman Bey from Kayi tribe whn he seperated his land from Seljuk Sultanate of Rum and Kayi tribe still exists
kolo toubas
kolo toubas 4 күн бұрын
@Talon wasn't the Russians that were giving weapons to the turks?Someone forgets to mention that the turks had russian help☺️this is why you re bowing Infront of Putin at modern times,as for the ww2 as you said everyone was fighting the nazis except the turks🤣🤣
Alex Spencer
Alex Spencer 3 ай бұрын
My favourite series by far 😁🤘
Christos Saripanidis
Christos Saripanidis 2 ай бұрын
Great history Vid Great work !
Tomas Munkils
Tomas Munkils 3 ай бұрын
A video about the empire of brazil would be awesome
Michail Apostolou
Michail Apostolou Ай бұрын
Me being from Messolonghi and visiting the garden of heroes and lord byrons villa , made the part with messolonghi hella proud ❤❤❤
David Bjørn Dameson
David Bjørn Dameson 2 ай бұрын
This is just amazing. Thank you a thousand times!!!
Dennis Cleary
Dennis Cleary 3 ай бұрын
thank you guys so much for covering this 👍
Hüsnü Çoban 31
Hüsnü Çoban 31 3 ай бұрын
"The Turk came upon us as a rapacious marauder," Kolokotronis said. "He put to death some of our people and made slaves of others, but when our King in Constantinople fell in battle, he made no treaty with the Turks but left a bequest bidding his people carry on the war. His garrison has never given up and his fortresses have never capitulated."
The Faramith
The Faramith 19 күн бұрын
@Grammar Police Turkey sees things that way. 0 iq comment
Grammar Police
Grammar Police 3 ай бұрын
@Tyler Clayton Not sure Turkey sees things that way.
Nik Delta
Nik Delta Ай бұрын
Greatest heroes of Ellas fight for freedom against barbarians
Ferred 2 ай бұрын
3:44 as a Greek a lot of people believe that myth is fake So I to them: It happened in the first century after Byzantine empire fell
JC 3 ай бұрын
Kings and Generals, now that you make a full video on Greek War of Independence 1821-32, I hope you make it again and its battles starting from the beginning up to the end.
Konstantinos Ioannou
Konstantinos Ioannou 2 ай бұрын
Overall excellent documentary!
Gadget Guide
Gadget Guide 2 ай бұрын
Also you just learned that Arvanites were Albanians at that time
Peter Benke
Peter Benke 3 ай бұрын
Even your sponsor vidoes at the start are funny and interesting. Best documentary animator on here by far.
Ioannis Spanos
Ioannis Spanos Ай бұрын
Not perfect , but nonetheless a very detailed documentary ,Congratulations !
Mikka Yosef
Mikka Yosef Ай бұрын
This channel is gold!! I've learned so much watching K's & G's!!
First Second
First Second 2 ай бұрын
Great job you could also do the greece in 1900-1932
barnabaszu 3 ай бұрын
Amazing work, thank you
Ray Kaelin
Ray Kaelin 3 ай бұрын
Well done sir! Very well done!
Admirals Fleet
Admirals Fleet 3 ай бұрын
Amazing, an hour and a half of kings and generals to listen in the background while doing some house work/food prep
Maximilian v
Maximilian v 3 ай бұрын
i read your name as admirals feet
Damien M
Damien M 3 ай бұрын
Another great quality video!
Mikhail Tabigay
Mikhail Tabigay 3 ай бұрын
@Kings and Generals, please do a series about the independence wars of each Latin American country from Iturbide, Bolivar, to Artigas. Cover their campaigns and the general history of the wars of independence in those respected countries.
Mikhail Tabigay
Mikhail Tabigay 3 ай бұрын
@Kings and Generals Thank you so much! How about a series about the Haitian Revolution as well? I forgot to mention that too lol
Kings and Generals
Kings and Generals 3 ай бұрын
We will!
bla bla bleh
bla bla bleh Ай бұрын
God bless the Greeks.
nik kay
nik kay 23 күн бұрын
@ForgetMe why???
ForgetMe 28 күн бұрын
Please don’t
Darkz Ай бұрын
adonis699 15 сағат бұрын
That war has multi Emmy award Tv series potential
Abderrahim Benmoussa
Abderrahim Benmoussa 3 ай бұрын
My gosh how I love those long form videos !
dedodude100 2 ай бұрын
It's worth noting that Filiki Eteria was not a Freemason organization. It had members who were Masons so you can see the influences, but it is it's own thing doing it's own stuff.
R O N N I E 3 ай бұрын
Thank you for the video it was good and filled with a lot of information
Danny Flood
Danny Flood 3 ай бұрын
Great video but the location of Athens on your map is closer to Megara or Thebes than it's actual location in Attica 😅 Athens isn't north of the isthmus of Corinth but southeast
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