Who were the Cuman-Qipchaq Peoples? - Ancient Civilizations DOCUMENTARY

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Kings and Generals

Kings and Generals

Күн бұрын

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Kings and Generals animated historical documentary series on the ancient civilizations and nomadic cultures continues with a video on the Cumans, as we ask and explain who the Cuman-Qipchaq peoples were.
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The video was made by Haley Castel Branco, while the script was written by Jack Wilson. The video was narrated by Officially Devin ( / @offydgg & / @gameworldnarratives )
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Production Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound: www.epidemicsound.com
00:00 Introduction to the Cuman-Qipchaq people
01:28 Origins and history of the Cuman-Qipchaqs
05:34 Cuman-Qipchaq culture and society
11:19 Mongol conquest and transformation
15:51 Cuman-Qipchaqs as mamluks and ghulams
17:17 Cuman influence in Europe and Asia
18:35 Legacy of the Cuman-Qipchaqs
19:03 Conclusion
#Documentary #Cumans #Nomads

Пікірлер: 1 200
@KingsandGenerals 2 ай бұрын
🎥 Join our KZbin members and patrons to unlock exclusive content! Our community is currently enjoying deep dives into the First Punic War, Pacific War, history of Prussia, Italian Unification Wars, Russo-Japanese War, Albigensian Crusade, and Xenophon’s Anabasis. Become a part of this exclusive circle: kzbin.info/door/MmaBzfCCwZ2KqaBJjkj0fwjoin or patron: www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals and Paypal www.paypal.com/paypalme/kingsandgenerals as well!
@Balsiefen Ай бұрын
Hi, Just wanted to feed-back that the twisting swaying lens effect on the map, particularly around 8:30 is a bit of a nightmare for motion sickness.
@death-istic9586 Ай бұрын
Love your videos!💚
@berkosmansatiroglu Ай бұрын
Nogai, Baybars, Gluams, Delhis... Thanks. That video is lost piece of puzzel. Thank you.
@wisdomleader85 Ай бұрын
Kingdom Come: Deliverance is one of my favorite video games since I learned some history of central Europe from it, and I really appreciate that you guys made this episode, as well as pointing out the historical flaw regarding the Cuman masks in the game. Thank you guys. 👍🙏
@shzarmai Ай бұрын
cool video
@Danatar555 Ай бұрын
I am a Kypchak from Northern Kazakhstan, salem to my brothers and sisters from all over the world! Thank you for this video!
@iqmi_3 Ай бұрын
Сәлем, бауырым)
@danielalmazov1 Ай бұрын
Salem Qırgızstandan baurym 🇰🇬🤝🇰🇿
@QushtarQassiyet1230 Ай бұрын
Greeting from Kazakhstan🇰🇿❤I am Kazakh, which one of the successors of Qipchak people, and I love and support your video and channel
@ayoubzahiri1918 Ай бұрын
legends state that the cuman people were big coomers
@layazh2753 Ай бұрын
It is True! There is clan(in qazaq "ru", it means clan, country, state or tribe) named Qipchak(or Kipshak)
@teomanvural897 Ай бұрын
Kazakların kumanlarla direk olarak akrabalığı yoktur kipcaklarla olabilir..
@christianthebasedburrito6080 Ай бұрын
"I'm feeling quite hungry"- Henry of Skalitz
@paritoshd Ай бұрын
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
English kings throughout history: I have prostituted and passionate women, and yet you only mention Henry VIII
@paoloantoniobaladad5895 Ай бұрын
Jesus Christ be Praised!
@christianthebasedburrito6080 Ай бұрын
@@paoloantoniobaladad5895 "Hey Henry has come to see us"
@lucamckenn5932 Ай бұрын
I find it very funny that most portraits sort of try to beautify the person in particular but every single depiction of Henry he looks like a fat thumb man.
@AlmazKar Ай бұрын
As a Kazakh, I appreciate this video!
@Dan-sw8tg Ай бұрын
But are kazakhs really the ancestors of cumans? They left before Mongols arrived ( I don't mean to offend you I literally just wanna know more) because nowadays kazakhs have more mongol DNA than cumans ..
@AlmazKar Ай бұрын
@@Dan-sw8tg Kazakhs are mixture of pretty much most of the steppe tribes. I believe you are right, not Cumans but Kipchaks and Kangly before Mongols came. You can Google the list of Kazakh tribes. I am myself from Khongirad tribe.
@sickturret3587 Ай бұрын
@@Dan-sw8tg kazakhs, kyrgyz and most tatars belong to kypchak subgroup of turkic languages. so at least linguistically, they are inheritors of them.
@nenenindonu Ай бұрын
@@sickturret3587 Kazakhs and Kyrghyz originally spoke Orkhon/Siberian Turkic languages their branches eventually shifted to Kipchak largely due to the influence of the Golden Horde
@sickturret3587 Ай бұрын
@@nenenindonu you are speaking of yenisei kyrgyz. their sucessors speak khakass and tuvan nowadays.
@nenenindonu Ай бұрын
The Kipchaks produced some of the greatest Mamluk rulers such as Baybars, Qalawun, Iltutmysh,... the Mamluk Sultanates of Egypt & Delhi were also founded by two Kipchaks both named Aibak
@berkosmansatiroglu Ай бұрын
Baybar Ghulam lardan köle, sonra komutan oluyor.
@orka6848 Ай бұрын
Mameluke states official name was "Et Devlet'üt Türkiyye" which literally translates to "The State of the Türkiye"...
@user-bk5pk3zv8j Ай бұрын
That's not the official name. That is the name given to it by historians to distinguish it from the later period when Circassian Mamluks dominated the ruling class. The official name was Egyptian Sultanate or Egyptian Kingdom or Sultanate of Egypt and the Levant. Sultans where nicknamed Sultan of Arabs, Ajams(Non-Arabs) and Turks.@@orka6848
@nenenindonu Ай бұрын
​@@orka6848True the Bahri Mamluk realm was among the three medieval states to be named after the word 'Turk' the two previous ones were the Turk Shahis and Göktürks
@kaztarihtanu Ай бұрын
Not Aibak, it is Aybek which means moon/lunar lord/ruler.
@cyberiansailor9741 Ай бұрын
Fun Fact: A Cuman contingent was instrumental for the Habsburg victory over the King of Bohemia Ottokar at the battle of the Marchfeld taking place in what is today eastern Austria. Thus helping establish Habsburg rule over central Europe.
@GAarcher Ай бұрын
@David_The_Texan_youtuber382 Ай бұрын
Asian chad defining the course of history as always.
@user-ly1gi8qs1y Ай бұрын
They was part of the hungarian army led by a king IV. Laszlo who half cuman. They not part of the habsburg army. The battle of durnkrut deserves a video i think
@buinghiathuan4595 Ай бұрын
Fun fact 2: Henry, a Bohemian peasant, could beat 4-6 Cuman at the same time with horses arches. 😂
@jarrettlowery2802 Ай бұрын
​@buinghiathuan4595 Jesus Christ be praised!
@lajoszsommd1526 Ай бұрын
I am a Cuman Hungarian or kun magyar, living in a town named after a Cuman prince, Zotmaz. As a physician, scientist and philosopher, I can assure you that we are still very much alive today.
@erenakca7022 Ай бұрын
Greetings from Türkiye to all grandsons of a big nation , the elite warriors of steppes. (I am a physician also)
@MichaelBolar-de8im Ай бұрын
I thought the cumans were wiped out or assimilated good to see that they are still alive but do they have a different culture than Hungarians?
@lajoszsommd1526 Ай бұрын
@@MichaelBolar-de8im Consequences of typical Western historiography. No, the Cumans were not wiped out. You can witness right this minute just how difficult it is to wipe out a nation even with sacrosant modern technology. But yes, we assimilated to Hungarians, 800 years is a long time. Yet, Cumans in Hungary are noticable partly through facial characteristics, of course you cannot observe my face just take my word for it, but also we are a bit distinct from the typical westernized masses by fighting spirit, extreme resilience and a strong philosophical flare. Look at Attila József, philosophical poet, for instance or my own vitologia....
@lajoszsommd1526 Ай бұрын
​​@@MichaelBolar-de8im Consequences of typical western historiography. No, the Cumans were not wiped out, you can witness right now how difficult it is to wipe out a nation even with sacrosant modern technology. But yes, we assimilated to Hungarians, 800 years is a long time. Yet, if you really look, Cumans are noticeable even today both in terms of facial features- you cannot observe my face just take my word for it- and a distinct trait of fighting spirit, extreme resilience and a philosophical inclination. Take for instance the example of the philosophical poet, Attila József, or my own vitologia...
@iceblu4713 Ай бұрын
Wow, greetings from Romania! I pray for prosperity between my nation and the hungarian and cumanic nations! We also coexisted with the last remaining cumans from today romanian territory and formed Wallachia. Love you you, my friend. 🇷🇴❤🇭🇺
@Karabulut96 Ай бұрын
my mother comes from Polish Tatars, so I'm also partly Kipchak, best regards, great material as usual😊
@AlexM-oq5el Ай бұрын
@SuperManWithFuckingBigEgo Ай бұрын
This doesn't work like that the fact that mother is kipchak doesn't make you kipchak, this trick works only if one of your grandfather from your father's side was kipchak
@Karabulut96 Ай бұрын
​@@SuperManWithFuckingBigEgomy father is a Turk and my mother is a Tatar, I am a Turk, your opinion does not interest me
@Karabulut96 Ай бұрын
@@SuperManWithFuckingBigEgo such people come to my homeland for holidays, it's a disgrace
@AndreAndre-yd5gw 26 күн бұрын
DNA test rules over the jealous naysayers.
@okancanarslan3730 Ай бұрын
As a Crimean Tatar of Kipchak origin, Thanks for the very informative video of our history.
@SemenovOV Ай бұрын
I believe Ukrainian Cossacks as well have both Kipchak and Rus origins, not only Crimean Tatars (Krymchaks)
@alimcri Ай бұрын
@@SemenovOV Yes, but they refuse the Cuman heritage. Rus - according to medieval sources this is not a nationality. It's just a confession
@alimcri Ай бұрын
@@SemenovOV Krimchaks not equal to Crimaean Tatars.
@EyBossPusi Ай бұрын
No you're European you don't look like turkic
@Samanyolu-ov1yk Ай бұрын
@@EyBossPusi avrupayı silktim
@arghunpride5704 Ай бұрын
Kings & Generals, thanks for this remarkable video about Qipchaq nomads! Peace and blessings to everyone 🕊️from Kazakhstan! 🇰🇿
@tariver1693 Ай бұрын
Greetings from Tatarstan!
@quiquemarquez3211 Ай бұрын
Best wishes from dear Galiza to all the Kazakhs!
@tnrz5696 Ай бұрын
May god help all Kipchak people
@arkjedrzejewsky4990 Ай бұрын
best wishes for great Kazakh nation from Poland
@arkjedrzejewsky4990 Ай бұрын
Tatars are nobles in our tradition@@vladimir_Ilyich_lenin.
@aisar3353 Ай бұрын
As a Pecheneg-Cuman descended Turk, this detailed explanation piqued my interest. Greetings to the entire Turkic world!!
@serkantemiz7565 Ай бұрын
Where are you from? And How do you know your ancestors are pecheneg?
@sickturret3587 Ай бұрын
@@serkantemiz7565 he is probably just balkan turkish and his grandmom cooks great paçanga böreği 😂
@aisar3353 Ай бұрын
@@serkantemiz7565 My father's ancestors migrated from western Russia to northern Crimea and then to the Ottoman Empire. Even my father's grandfather's brother fought in the Russion occupation of Crimea and was burned alive by the Russians when he was captured(His name is written on our family tree and my grandfather mentioned it to my father several times.) Cumans and Pechenegs are among the Turkish tribes lived in the geography described by the elders.Bu yaşlı babam dehşet tatar böreği yapar bu da bi kanıt herhalde haha.
@ergun9980 Ай бұрын
@UranijaZeus Ай бұрын
Hajra Turan!
@diyartokmurzin7154 Ай бұрын
FUN FACT: Yuan dynasty had personal guard contingent made of Kipchaks. Kipchak guards were sent by Yuan emperrors to quel rebellions of Mongol noions (lords) and Yuan remnants. For instance they supported Khubilai against Ariq-Buga. Kipchak guard was also effective at taking Song cities in China. Two commanders are referred numerous times in Yuan Shi: Tutuha and El-Temir, who belonged to Kipchak clans that peacefully joined Mongols. El-Temir was the last commander of Kipchak guard, when he died and the kipchak guard dissolved Yuan dynasty also siezed to exist. (Update: Iw wrote this comment before finishing watching the video. I am glad all this can be found in the video)
@alexanderyaroslavich2703 Ай бұрын
@diyartokmurzin7154 27 күн бұрын
@@alexanderyaroslavich2703 Александр Ярославич, есть ссылка, не получилось её прикрепить, напишу в текстовом формате. Автор: Пилипчук Я.В. Кипчаки в Китае. 2014 год.
@9wowable Ай бұрын
Interesting thing about the Cumans for me is that, I a Hungarian, am from the Paloc subgroup. Paloc in many Slavic languages is Polovotsy, which is also the same word for Cuman. Many Cumans settled in Hungary, so it’d be interesting to ever find out how linked we are.
@shindavid6484 Ай бұрын
maybe you are linked but from what I found researching, hungarians on average have 2% steppe ancestry.
@nenenindonu Ай бұрын
The name of the Hungarian Hunyadi Dynasty is also of Cuman etymology
@billdehappy1 Ай бұрын
dont forget magyar being steppenomads before settled and finno-ugric branch and not slavic....just saying am not from there @@shindavid6484
@EzraBenKhazar Ай бұрын
The following is from the paper Mitogenomic data indicate admixture components of Asian Hun and Srubnaya origin in the Hungarian Conquerors “Modern Hungarians are genetically very similar to their European neighbors [95] nevertheless they contain some 3-5% East Eurasian components traceable with uniparental markers [29,96,97]. Genome wide SNP data also detected the presence of 4% East Asian component in modern Hungarians [98] with an approximate time of admixture dated to the first millennium AD, corresponding to the invasions of Huns, Onogur-Bulgars, Avars and Hungarian Conquerors from the Asian steppes.”
@SeamanX-qh9bw Ай бұрын
Sure - 3% uralic/stepe/turkic and 60% slavic . @@EzraBenKhazar
@austinreed5805 Ай бұрын
I remember playing CK3 and being so confused as to what Cumania was. I had never heard of that empire before, despite how huge it was.
@suchymk Ай бұрын
because it wasnt an empire, it was groups of tribes loosely associated with each other
@sickturret3587 Ай бұрын
@@suchymk a steppe confederation to be precise. most steppe empires were confederations of different tribes at their core.
@Raidon8537 Ай бұрын
@@suchymk it was definitely a state or empire. It had Khan after all.
@suchymk Ай бұрын
@@Raidon8537 its said in the video itself that we dont even know if thats true, as there isnt many (or any at all even) insider sources on cumania
@harku123 Ай бұрын
That's not what the khan meant for this entity. Cumania was very decentralized and didn't have a central government or ruler. Some tribes were probably subjects of others but nobody ruled over everyone. As others said, they were loosely associated and probably traded together and occasionally banded together in war but they probably waged war amongst one another too
@Ananaspomidorka Ай бұрын
my mother is from Qipchak tribe. Love from Kazakhstan!
@gulnaragalyautdinova3635 Ай бұрын
The same from Bashkortostan!
@hannibalbarca2928 18 күн бұрын
As a Tatar Turkic, I am proud of my Kipchak ancestors.
@AegeanGreywolf Ай бұрын
05:30 In Turkic culture white color represents the west and likewise blue - the east, black - the north and the south is red. Those who migrated to western lands from Turkestan and Mongolia often adopted white color such as huns and cumans while eastern Turkic people like Gökturks were using blue banners
@ganizhunis910 Ай бұрын
This is what I'm talking about. Even ottoman empire used colours for the sea. Red sea was the Southern sea. Black sea is the northern sea. Simple
@AegeanGreywolf Ай бұрын
@@ganizhunis910 Exactly... When their powerbase has shifted to Anatolia they gave new names for these places as you mentioned which are translated into English in this form. In addition Mediterrenian Sea is ''Akdeniz'' in Turkish, which means 'the Whitesea'' for its western position.
@Kul-tegin Ай бұрын
I've never actually read in any historical source that Gokturks used blue banners. I've only come across wolf-head banners and standards, but never the colour mentioned.
@AegeanGreywolf Ай бұрын
@@Kul-tegin I understand but even today the word ''Gok'' means blue sky in Turkic languages :) which means their name' direct translation is Blue Turks. You can type ''blue'' by using ''ctrl f' ' in Wikipedia's Gokturk page as well
@Kul-tegin Ай бұрын
Yes it means blue or celestial but that's not evidence that the flag was blue. It could have been...@@AegeanGreywolf
@labnab6764 Ай бұрын
Here in Kazakhstan and probably other Turkic peoples, we have kind of tribes within ourselves, and of them is called kipchak, meaning we truly are descendants of cumans
@Kickboxer7267 Ай бұрын
The real descendants are Crimean Tatars. Kazakhs mixed too much with Mongols
@orton4357 Ай бұрын
@@Kickboxer7267 DISTANCE (Crimean Tatars to ancient populations) POPULATION 6.753 Onogundur Bulgar 6.817 Gepid (Viminacium) 7.599 Xionite 7.908 Dmitry Alexandrovich (Rurik Dynasty) 8.119 Saka (Tian Shan) 8.317 Kipchak 8.923 Post-Medieval Tian Shan Nomad 9.099 Cimmerian 9.430 Khotanese Saka 9.665 Sargat Culture DISTANCE (Kazakhs to ancient populations) POPULATION 4.940 Chorni Klobuky (Suzdal) 5.965 Early Xiongnu 6.292 Medieval Turkic Nomad (Western Altai) 7.252 Medieval Turkic Nomad (Northern Altai) 7.935 Karluk 7.968 Karakhanid 8.318 Medieval Turkic Nomad (Tian Shan) 9.364 Eastern Turk (Eastern Steppe) 9.937 Kipchak 10.144 Medieval Turkic Nomad (Central Steppe) Where are mongols? Even in the video it was said that one or a few mongol tribes were absorbed by other cuman subjects which were majority for this reason Kazakhs speak cuman and not mongol. According to distances average Kazakhs was already in the Kazakh steppes even before mongool conquest. Also, the difference between distances to cumans between kazakhs and crimean tatars is just laughable 1 point xD
@ganizhunis910 Ай бұрын
​@@Kickboxer7267you know little about this subject I guess. Kazakhs are still remember their ancestors. And we know each tribes we have. One of them are qypchaq do you like it or not. Crimean tatars mixed more with slavs. But I know some of them still remembers tribes.
@orton4357 Ай бұрын
@@Kickboxer7267 Crimean Tatars and Kazakhs have same genetical distance to Kipchaks xD
@orton4357 Ай бұрын
@@Kickboxer7267 You probably ignored where Cumans came from, it was Mongolia and northern China xDDDD. Check the video once again
@tariver1693 Ай бұрын
Glad to see a video about my ancestors on your channel. Greetings from Tatarstan!
@Singgen Ай бұрын
Do Tatars have Kipchak ancestry? I thought you guys were mainly from turkic Bulgars.
@tariver1693 Ай бұрын
@@Singgen They certainly do. Our language is from the Kipchak family of Turkic languages.
@istorichunter8807 Ай бұрын
@@Singgenactually Kazan Tatars have both components: Bulgarian and Kipchak (Cuman)
@hayathayat6534 Ай бұрын
​@@SinggenWe are kipchaks
@user-rq3ri2gg6c Ай бұрын
As a Hungarian living in Serbia, I am proud of my Cuman ancestry. Because there are also four settlements of Cuman origin in this country. And in Hungary, an entire region consists of residents of this origin. Only in the past eight hundred years has it been relatively explained.
@samisami-qb5tl Ай бұрын
Nagyapám kishegyesi volt 😂
@user-rq3ri2gg6c Ай бұрын
@@samisami-qb5tl Na, a hegyesiek éppen nem kun származásúak 😂
@samisami-qb5tl Ай бұрын
@@user-rq3ri2gg6c ő nem is vert volna pofan a besziladodett🥰
@samisami-qb5tl Ай бұрын
Amúgy eppen nagykunsagoak, kunhegyesrol valók
@RariJay Ай бұрын
In Kazakh, we call Hungary "Majarstan". From the word - Magyars, Kazakhs also have a tribe - "majar", which belongs to the middle "clan" of tribes.
@iceblu4713 Ай бұрын
DAAAAAAMNNNN I've been WAITINGG for this one!! I am SO excited for this video. I am Romanian but since the culture shock I had last autumn with the Turkic peoples, I have been really intersted in what cumans left after them. I strongly believe part of Romanians' ancestors are cumans, since they coexisted here in Wallachia and Moldova with us for more than 200 years. During the 11th, 12th and 13rd century, vlachs (Romanians) were called the black cumans. Long-live the Cuman-Qipçaq confederation🇷🇴❤🇺🇦❤🇰🇿! Edit: It is also said that at the battle of Posada between Wallachia and Hungary, Basarab I of Wallachia ordered vlach and cuman shepherds to throw big rocks and tree trunks and shoot arrows at the hungarian army ambushed in the valley.
@yerzhansgames8859 12 күн бұрын
Drakula cuman
@subutaykhan9387 Ай бұрын
Salute to all my Qipchak sisters and brothers from Türkiye
@redbeard6251 Ай бұрын
In Crimea, near the city of Solkhat, the ruins of a mosque built according to a will with funds allocated by Sultan Baybars for his homeland have been preserved.
@goldeneaglepower9845 Ай бұрын
As a Kazakh I’m glad you covered Qypshaqs 🇰🇿
@saulgoodmanKAZAKH Ай бұрын
Qypşaq* in the latest Kazakh alphabet and Qıpşaq* or Qıpcaq* according to some other proposals
@goldeneaglepower9845 Ай бұрын
@@saulgoodmanKAZAKH we don’t have latin kazakh on keyboards. For now at least
@Kili2807 Ай бұрын
Theese drawn images are brilliant. Vibrant and colorful
@Amra724 Ай бұрын
Drawing ✍🏼 looks like based on real photo images of Central Asian landscape and people, which makes it look really believable
@Siqimidecekiyimmiananigor Ай бұрын
The Turkic word 'Kurgan' which is among the most important terminologies regarding Eurasian history seems to have passed from Cuman to East Slavic and eventually all other European languages
@lionelmourilio Ай бұрын
in uyghur language, "qurghan" literally means "building"
@evlogig Ай бұрын
so they told you in high school. Do you think high school teaches right things, or teaches whatever Erdogan decided? Food for thought.
@Ergenekon1933 Ай бұрын
@@evlogig Well done brother, you are the one who hates Turks the most, bravo, I'm happy for you. However, there are a few more comments that you haven't responded to, everyone is waiting for someone like you who knows the truth about everything to respond to them, run.🤡
@stkosta2482 Ай бұрын
We Bulgarians lived together with cumans for centuries, but don't have this word in our language. You might need to check your sources again. One of the words we have inherited from the Cumans that is still in use is "alen" or "aleno" which means red. It is used as a synonym to the slavic word "cherveno".
@alpcankarademir1991 Ай бұрын
​@@evlogig you really think they teach us about cumans or a random kipchak word in turkey? Get out of here
@Oshidashi Ай бұрын
Ive watched almost everything of this channel over the years and would like to once again say a big thanks for all k&g's work.
@yernat.ali1453 Ай бұрын
I am Kazakh, and i never understood why cumans and kipchaks are always depicted as different people. In Kazakhstan they're all known as kipchaks
@kadirbozkus-ss3sm Ай бұрын
Probably because they where a nomadic confederacy, they most likely had 100s of different clans among each other but those two where the most influential among them.
@orton4357 Ай бұрын
@@kadirbozkus-ss3sm still it doesn't explain their depiction in the way OP described.
@keptins Ай бұрын
I think Cumans were more like euro.turkic (lighter in complexions etc) whereas the qipchaqs were more like central asian turkic.
@orton4357 Ай бұрын
@@keptins Did you just ignore the fact that they came from northern china/mongolia? The closest genetical distance of Cumans is with Nogais, Uzbeks, Siberian Tatars and Hazara. As you can see they are all central Asian turkic
@assfghjkl 26 күн бұрын
We all should just start writing our history, otherwise they will keep claiming everything they deem worthy. Like I read a comment here saying that cuman kipshak are Europeans already 😂 and we kazakhs just appeared from nowhere apparently
@sTorMaDa Ай бұрын
Greetings from Romania. I am a crimean tatar and i love your videos.
@falxus9962 Ай бұрын
Noua romanilor nu ne place aceasta minciuna!!!Arata teritoriul vlahilor ca facand parte din Bulgaria sau Cumania si asta e o mare minciuna spusa de dusmanii romanilor!!! Peste nici 100 de ani apare din neant Tara Romaneasca si Moldova!!!Ba ce de minciuni pe toate canalele media impotriva poporului roman!Singurul popor bastinas din partea asta de Europa alaturi de greci!!
@vane909090 Ай бұрын
Here in Hungary we have a long history with the Cumans. Many places are even named after them. We call them Kun.
@endo_kun_da Ай бұрын
Good to see Jack Wilson still writing great stuff! Very informative, covered what I have heard of the Cumans, and learned a couple new things!
@DuizhangLu Ай бұрын
Wow, that art in the series continuously improves! Beautiful
@mr.bek0521 Ай бұрын
Appreciate the video. i am a kipchak from Kyrgyzstan. We have a tribe named Kipchak
@balloon7546 Ай бұрын
Been waiting for this one!
@Madrakus Ай бұрын
Another excellent video as always! I especially love these steppe nomad ones. I find nomadic cultures truly fascinating!
@user-pk3iv5wi2q Ай бұрын
Always the best work
@intellectz644 Ай бұрын
One of your most well made videos yet. Hope the team can keep this standard!
@Gamercat94 Ай бұрын
Hey kings and generals. I follow you with pleasure. You are my favorite channel❤️
@Zengids1turkmens Ай бұрын
Amazingly done as always i really enjoyed it thank you
@garethmcguinness377 Ай бұрын
God damn this channel just has a way with medieval and ancient history Yet another great vid
@cihanturan7398 17 күн бұрын
As a Turk living in Turkey, thank you for telling us about our Kuman Kipchak brothers. I hope you will make a video about peceneks in the next video.
@bloodygoat6941 Ай бұрын
Didn't know I need that video...turns out I needed that Video.
@masterplokoon8803 Ай бұрын
You forgot to mention their deadliest enemy, Henry of Skalitz who hunted them down by the dozens for what they did to his village.
@marcelo-oc6rs Ай бұрын
He was feeling "hungry"
@simonbolivar6960 Ай бұрын
god bless you henry
@GAarcher Ай бұрын
*CumMan enemy*
@Captain_Dick_Swett Ай бұрын
Henry has come to see us!
@thevetolinist8462 Ай бұрын
I feel quite Hungary
@AbhyudayaSinh Ай бұрын
Very informative ❤
@arcomegis9999 Ай бұрын
I’ve waited this for a long time. Thanks for doing it. I think on the subject of overlooked nomadic entities, I think you guys should do one about Cuman leaders or significant figures. At the top of my head, besides Koten Khan and Bacman Khan, you should do one for Boniak. Aside from the Cuman-Kipchaks, I think you guys should also look into Pechenegs and Avars too. Look forward to equestrian civilization related contents.
@RanveerRaj-oq5gk Ай бұрын
great work guys
@Kaiyanwang82 Ай бұрын
Really enjoyed this one.
@szbszig Ай бұрын
I love these one-shot videos of certain peoples or empires. And Cumans (or Kuns as they are called in Hungary) definitely deserve a video like this.
@Kotyan_Khan Ай бұрын
Thank you for creating this content. I'm always excited to gather more information on the Cuman-Qipchaqs, and your team's work is one of the best I've seen in recent years.
@MeloGS1905 Ай бұрын
Greetings to my Turkic Kipchak brothers 🇹🇷❤️🇰🇿🇰🇬
@-RONNIE Ай бұрын
Thanks for the video
@TheAssOfBalaam Ай бұрын
Very interesting! I love the videos on Central Asian peoples. As someone who studied history in the 80s and 90s in America, I learned very little about Central Asia. So I find the region so engrossing to learn about now.
@blinkgaze Ай бұрын
0:05: 🏹 Influential nomadic society of the Great Eurasian Steppe before Mongol Expansion. 3:58: 🏹 Nomadic Turkic tribes, known as Cumans, dominated Eurasian steppes in the 11th century. 7:52: 💂 Nomadic Cuman-Qipchaq peoples were independent warrior lords with no political unity, known for raiding and mercenary work. 12:02: ⚔️ Mongol influence on the Cuman-Qipchaq world through battles and alliances. 15:37: 📜 Influence of Cuman-Qipchaq peoples in medieval Eurasia through political power and military prowess. Timestamps by Tammy AI
@benimtelefoncaliyor1dk Ай бұрын
Ivan Asen II was a very decent general for his time. He made great use of his cavalry in every engagement. Cuman horse archers destroyed Hungarians, Serbians, Latins, and Niceans all around. He didn’t fight many battles however he beat some of the best armies of the time. He dealt with Cuman invasions, Mongol hordes, Latines, and the Epirotes. When the Mongols invaded the country he led the people in the mountains and ambushed them. Killing many of their hosts that crushed the entire region, however this led to the burning of north Bulgaria. He conquered all of Greece north of Thermopylae and took out most of the Latin remnant. He crushed the Epirotes at Klokotnitsa with such force that they could never wield such power ever again. When Cumans served the previous king he killed, Ivan employed them. That moment let him have the most dominating cavalry force of that time.
@ElBandito Ай бұрын
Sources mention when the Mongols arrived, they basically burned Bulgaria to the ground and it never became powerful again in the Middle Ages. Bulgaria paid tribute to the Mongols for the next 100 years.
@tuningbullet8468 Ай бұрын
50 or 60 years yes ,but 100 years no
@FROST76608 Ай бұрын
​@@tuningbullet8468 In 1270's Ivaylo basicly wipped all the Mongol warbands that were roaming bulgarian territory,the punitive expedition that followed was a complete disaster. Nogay's army was stucked under the walls of Silistra for 3 months and was forced to withdraw mid winter.
@miroslaviliev8848 Ай бұрын
Not really burned to the ground, more just heavily pillaging for around 60 years
@Okiejayjay Ай бұрын
@@ElBandito what “sources” are these? What nonsense.
@andreiyy Ай бұрын
exceptional video! thank you and well done!
@admiralbem7458 Ай бұрын
Írjon ide minden Palóc és Kun testvérem akik nézik ezt a videót, mert mink egy vérből valóak vagyunk! Soha ne feledjük hogy kik vagyunk, és honnan jöttünk! S fejezzük ki köszönetünket az ezt a csatornát üzemeltető csapatnak, hogy feltöltötték ezt a remek videót! Thank you very much, it means a lot for me, as a Palóc!
@ganizhunis910 Ай бұрын
You should write it in qypchaq language. Then you will get the followers from qypchaqstan. Anytime you wanna hear qypchaq language you can listen the Dimash. Honestly speaking 😅
@ravolisia29 Ай бұрын
Why do the paint Turks as Mongols? In ancient and medieval history sources, travelers and historians defined the Turkic peoples as Kipchaks, Cumans, Khazars "Blonde" rather than Asian in phenotype. (Ammianus Marcelinus, Mattia D Edesse, Abul Feda Yosef). , Biruni, Ibn Khaldun, Ibni Rabbihi, Istakhri, Said El Maghribi, Gerdizi, El Mesudi, El Omari, Nizami,, Chronicles of China Tang. Igor Epic..
@admiralbem7458 Ай бұрын
@@ravolisia29 The turks are originally inner asian. But they mixed with the previous dominant civilization of the steppes, the Scythians. And with other indo-european peoples, like the Tocharians. That is why they mostly look different from the mongols, even back then. But that is clearly not true for all turkic nations. For example: I have never seen a Sakha, or a Tuvan being blonde.
@black_hole48 Ай бұрын
​@@admiralbem7458sakas are proto Turkic
@ugurbocugunungunlugu638 Ай бұрын
​@@ravolisia29In Central Asia, there are those who mix the Turks with the Mongols, they are called Turks, and there are Turks who do not mix, we Turkish people are the descendants of the Turks who fought with the Mongols who did not mix.
@samkugatano1053 Ай бұрын
Excellent! Looking forward to an episode on Volga Bulgaria.
@ergenekon9981 Ай бұрын
There is also a city in Macedonia called Kumanovo which directly derives from the Cumans which settled there.
@DaniilDimitrov Ай бұрын
@Seconds155 Ай бұрын
​@@DaniilDimitrovBoth in Macedonia and in Bulgaria there is place called Kumanovo, it's not just 1 place.
@silviupopescu9758 23 күн бұрын
And in Romania, family name like Coman and villages named Comana.
@DaniilDimitrov 23 күн бұрын
@@silviupopescu9758 ye, because romania is Bulgaria
@silviupopescu9758 23 күн бұрын
@@DaniilDimitrov and vice versa :))
@user-oq8nx1hp9r Ай бұрын
Thank you for information about us!!!❤❤❤❤❤❤❤
@AxelPoliti Ай бұрын
Really instructive. Thank you very much
@theawesomeman9821 Ай бұрын
My first time hearing about these ancient people. I learned something new.
@renierbarnard6833 Ай бұрын
@fantasyfootballfocus1510 Ай бұрын
Amazing video!
@obucaticadeistorie4790 Ай бұрын
Amazing job !
@Abdullatif-pj7wq Ай бұрын
Thanks for another historical video of Turkic people❤❤❤❤
@e84harrison77 Ай бұрын
God I love this channel. Can you guys hit the Avars next?
@hubertgodlewski1398 Ай бұрын
I've heard of them before but didn't know anything great video as always
@JacksonStorm173 Ай бұрын
Hey Kings and Generals, I’m a Japanese history fan and I loved your Imjin War episode, and i was thinking if u could make an in dept documentary for the Sengoku Jidai like you did for the Imjin War. This is just a recommendation but would be cool
@KingsandGenerals Ай бұрын
On the way!
@KonradvonHotzendorf Ай бұрын
@precursors Ай бұрын
We in Turkey can read and understand Codex Cumanicus 700 years later, although modern Turkish is Oghuz and Cuman language was Kipchak branch. That is because the divide between Oghuz and Kipchak branches was just not that deep at the time of Codex Cumanicus.
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
Ataturk: Ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha-haha when did Latin become a smart language? 😂😂😂😂😂
@nikre Ай бұрын
@@user-fl5mq9kp7gturks use latin alphabet not latin language.
@ryantinloy4965 Ай бұрын
Would love to see a video on the Penchenegs.
@forgeflarion8362 Ай бұрын
Great Video
@janoslakatos4605 Ай бұрын
As a kun (Cuman) in Hungary from Kunszentmiklós thank you❤
@SmokeyMountain0 Ай бұрын
I have a cuman origin lives in Türkiye ❤ we have same blood
@janoslakatos4605 Ай бұрын
@@SmokeyMountain0 🇭🇺❤🇹🇷
@azovianace Ай бұрын
It's good to see rare acknowledging attitude from history channels from a turkic perspective. Some of the channels mostly try to not use the term turk or turkic or anything resembling turkic history. Not this time I guess. Thank you.
@Juffe137 Ай бұрын
Can't believe the timing of this video. Just started playing Kingdom come deliverance again few days ago. Amazing.
@danasingapore135 Ай бұрын
Thank you for this learning piece. Will show it to my kids. I’m from Argyn tribe from the Sary-Arka steppe Qazaq. Salem to all Turkic peoples
@Ersen_abiniz Ай бұрын
l am from Türkiye and my DNA test g25 gives me Argyn tribe❤, Argyn means Argun"lion" am l right? Respect from Türkiye. My haplogroup iş Q M242
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
​@@Ersen_abinizI am not Turkish, but I am confused
@danasingapore135 Ай бұрын
@@Ersen_abinizhello there! Not sure the meaning of word Argyn, but the Tamga of the tribe is ♾️. Argyns mainly live in Northern and Central Kazakhstan, the largest tribe of Orta Juz.
@Suleimenoff Ай бұрын
Basically Kipchaks formed modern identity of Kazakhs (one of larger modern tribes is called Kypshak), Tatars, Bashkorts and Nogais. We are all descendants of Kypshaks. Many of those people are still pale nowadays and are called Sary (pale yellow) in Turkic languages.
@vuhdeem 28 күн бұрын
Tatars don't look so Asian like Kazakhs and Kyrgyz.
@esatdemirci2119 15 күн бұрын
Kazakh and kyrgz people hamle ming half turkic.
@user-wq7oo1uy9d 9 сағат бұрын
​@@vuhdeembecause slav and Finno-Ugric
@vuhdeem 8 сағат бұрын
@@user-wq7oo1uy9d exactly! Tatar and Kazakh are completely different!
@bakdakal Ай бұрын
Fabulous 👏🏼
@user-pp6dj1hi7p Ай бұрын
Awesome video
@victorcreed3 Ай бұрын
Great video! Fascinated by the Cumans since watching Borodin's opera, "Prince Igor".
@ytj17thjuggalo12 Ай бұрын
Man I hit a bong before watching this and the map work has me TRIPPIN😂😭 Another fantastic day, with a fantastic video, from K&G 😎
@marioverde7267 Ай бұрын
Soy chileno, de una ciudad al sur. Pero en mi corazón se q en una vida pasada fuí un cumano, me fascina la cultura Kipchak ❤️
@GokYuruk Ай бұрын
@HistoryOfRevolutions Ай бұрын
I would really love to visit Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan one day Inshallah
@MegaToyy Ай бұрын
It was not *Jochi* but *Jebe* & Subedei who pursued for Kotyan all the way to Hungary.
@paulomartins1008 Ай бұрын
K&G covering an Age of Empire 2 Civ.?! I'm in!
@CheerfulVirtualReality-qt1ey Ай бұрын
@askhatabdrakhman2355 22 күн бұрын
Thank you for the video! 🐺🇰🇿
@lothric5100 Ай бұрын
Next Pechenegs please 🙏🏻Thank you very much👍😊
@precursors Ай бұрын
To this day the Balkan peninsula and eastern Europe in general is dotted with smalled villages called "Cumanova" (translation: Cuman plains)
@robbabcock_ Ай бұрын
Thanks for a great video about a people not well covered by popular history.
@arystanbeck914 Ай бұрын
Thank you very much for finally addressing the most underrated people/culture in history. It would be great to have more on Qipchaq. For instance, the civil war that led to Mongol invasion and conquest, or them with Bulgars crushing the Forth Crusade.
@muwatallis Ай бұрын
I am a Turk from Bulgaria and the Turkish dialect we speak is rather archaic. I can understand the texts in Codex Cumanicus without a translation pretty well.
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
Which language do you know that the Ottomans spoke Persian?
@KingsandGenerals Ай бұрын
Ottoman court spoke Persian, but not always and not exclusively. People's language was the variation of the Turkic - Western Oghuz
@Soap_bubbles591 Ай бұрын
​@user-fl5mq9kp7g Persianate Turkic dynasties had Persian as a court and litterature language , Arabic as the religious language and Turkic as their mother tongue ,because they were a ruling minority with no significant genetic/ cultural influence on the indengious ppl of the conqured lands, on the contrary they basically absorbed the regional culture and were assimilated in most of the the countries / civilizations they conquered so they were the ones who had to adapt themselves with the vast majority of natives and learn the native languages of the locals like Russian, Persian, Arabic for the Arab mamluks , Urdu , Hindi etc etc .That's why there are such diversities of clothing, food , and dance even genetic diversities among various Turkic ppl depending where they were settled .
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
@@Soap_bubbles591 But the Turks were very numerous and were controlling the Abbasid Caliphate, so why did they not spread their language?
@Soap_bubbles591 Ай бұрын
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Cuz they couldn't. They were a trible / nomadic ( stricly )military force , outnumbered by the overwhelming high nr of the indengious pop of ME , India, and Russia .Judging by the low genetic influence of the Turkic tribes in the ME, India , Russia, Europe, even the Turkefied Anatolia & Caucasus ,they couldn't be that noumerous , on the contrary , Turkic tribes were genetically ,ethno-linguistically and culturally/ religiously influenced by each native population they subjected . As a matter of fact, due to modern genetic science , many consider Western turks as "Turkefied peoples," not genetically .Remember, the Turkification of Anatolia was not an easy process .
@nenenindonu Ай бұрын
In fact Vlad the Impaler and the Basarab Dynasty he belonged to descended from a Carpathian Cuman chief named Thocomerius, maybe gotta rebrand his beef with the Ottomans as a Kipchak-Oghuz war :d
@giorgijioshvili9713 Ай бұрын
@thieph Ай бұрын
Let's not exagerate with turkic delirium, he maybe was judging his name, nothing else as evidence. In fact, there are some romanians at that time which carried cuman names, maybe they were originally cuman maybe they were vlachs assimilated by cumans.
@Abdullatif-pj7wq Ай бұрын
They belong but Cuman Kipchak thing dissolved by Mongols especially Prince Batu later Khan of the Golden Horde. Also, Vlad person who was lived in the 15th century. Cumans ended in 13th century. If they have blood of turkic cumans it doesn't mean that he was by all his blood. He's gotta love for his European ancestors not for Nomadic Cumans. Hope it helps😀😀😀😀
@lothric5100 Ай бұрын
@@thiephgood comment origin mostly not important that times important is which culture you adapt and grow , influence is important, such as today Anatolia many ethnic origin but they adapt Turkish culture we can think like that
@thieph Ай бұрын
@@lothric5100 hungarian sources call him "our disloyal vlach", like our vassal.
@shaolindreams Ай бұрын
Very interesting video
@robertmastnak581 Ай бұрын
Very interesting fakts. Thx
@Neversa Ай бұрын
There are Qypshaq and Qangly tribes among many tribes comprising Kazakh nation. Qypshaq live in the north Kazakhstan and on shores of Syrdaria river and Qangly live in the southern Kazakhstan.
@Kickboxer7267 Ай бұрын
Do the Qyoshaq tribes look different than other Kazakhs? I read that ancient Qypchaqs and Cumans were described as blonde with colored eyes
@aitore3005 Ай бұрын
​@@Kickboxer7267I am kazakh from qypshaq(kipchak) tribe and I really cant tell the difference between kipchak and other kazakhs, probably bc of mongol invasion, russian expansion and a lot more which just mixed the genes so much that some can look east asian like chinese while others can look more european like russians. I also heard about blonde with blue eyes but im not sure about its verity as it is a rare thing to see today
@Kickboxer7267 Ай бұрын
@@aitore3005 The interesting part of your tribe is that you are mostly haplogroup R1a (Western Eurasia/ like ancient Kypchaks) while other Kazakhs are mostly C2 (Eastern Asian/ Mongol)
@ahmedpolat7840 Ай бұрын
​@@aitore3005Hı from Turkiye. maybe mongol, russian and others mixed our familia that turk. Maybe our eyes is Blue, Black etc.. maybe our Mothers are different nations but our father is one and the same all turk nations. We are one. I hope we Will see turan one Day.
@ganizhunis910 Ай бұрын
​@@Kickboxer7267not C2, but C3. I'm from Wusun tribe and Dulat branch of it, mongolic of 13th century. We have many tribes. So you cannot say that more or less of them are some haplogroups. Each tribe has Y chromosome difference. But autosomes are similar. We did checked mostly kazakh tribes. Need to check out all tribes from the neighbours.
@Abdullatif-pj7wq Ай бұрын
Yes i knew Qipchaq rulers of India as well as Baybars. But i had no idea for Hungarian prince and De facto ruler of Yuan China. Great video as a turkic historian myself i don't know about Qipchaq history so much. Love your videos😊😊😊.
@stanleysmith7551 Ай бұрын
IV Kun László was the legitimate king of Hungary (1275-1290) not just a prince. He had a very 'colorful' personality. He was very smart and was a natural when it came to warfare (won battles even while intoxicated 😅). He defeated II. Pźemysl Otakar (Czech/Bohemian king) who was considered to be a military genius in Europe at the time, he helped the Habsburgs to become one of the great dynasties in Europe (from Swiss nobodies constantly at war with their subjects) and defeated the mongols in open battle. On the other hand he was also very emotional, sporadic, lax when it came to religious matters being excommunicated by the pope several times, he downright sucked with finances and loved his b*tches and booze way more than he should have.
@user-fl5mq9kp7g Ай бұрын
​@@stanleysmith7551I don't think he defeated the Mongols. He was just a follower of mine. The Mongols in Bulgaria were watching him
@Abdullatif-pj7wq Ай бұрын
@@stanleysmith7551 ok i will learn about him. By the way, are you hungarian?
@Abdullatif-pj7wq Ай бұрын
@@user-fl5mq9kp7g sorry bro i don't understand what do you mean follower of mine?
@stanleysmith7551 Ай бұрын
@@Abdullatif-pj7wq Yes.
@vitogamaliel4490 Ай бұрын
Ah yes quite magnificent history from a rarely talked about people.The cuman-qipchaq. Thank you friend
@Someone-by6jm Ай бұрын
Video suggestion, Common battle tactics throughout antiquity-middle ages(yes i know it seems like your first video,but now with better quality and more research)
@ganizhunis910 Ай бұрын
In Kazakhstan and neighbouring countries still have the qipchaq tribes
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